Chefs & head cooks

Detailed Occupation

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2020 Workforce
459k
Average Age
39.7
Estimated Job Growth
6.32%
10-year projection
Average Salary
$36,880
Average Male Salary
$38,942
Average Female Salary
$29,583

About

Chefs & head cooks are most often employed by the Restaurants & Food Services industry. The average yearly wage for Chefs & head cooks was $36,880 in 2016. The top 3 most similar occupations to Chefs & head cooks by wage are Correspondence clerks & order clerks, Coin, vending, & amusement machine servicers & repairers, and Small engine mechanics.

The top 3 locations that employ the most Chefs & head cooks are Sunset Park & Windsor Terrace PUMA, NY, Flushing, Murray Hill & Whitestone PUMA, NY, and Elmhurst & South Corona PUMA, NY. The top 3 locations with a relatively high concentration of Chefs & head cooks are Sunset Park & Windsor Terrace PUMA, NY, Elmhurst & South Corona PUMA, NY, and Flushing, Murray Hill & Whitestone PUMA, NY.

Employment

Information on the businesses and industries that employ Chefs & head cooks and on wages and locations for those in the field. Restaurants & Food Services is the industry that employs the most Chefs & head cooks, both by share and by number, though the highest paid industry for Chefs & head cooks, by average wage, is Nondepository credit & related activities. Chefs & head cooks are paid most in Crow Wing, Morrison, Todd & Wadena Counties PUMA, MN but are relatively concentrated in Sunset Park & Windsor Terrace PUMA, NY.

Wages

Yearly Wage

$36,880
AVERAGE SALARY
± $1,123

In 2020, Chefs & head cooks earned an average of $36,880, $19,074 less than than the average national salary of $55,954.

Coin, vending, & amusement machine servicers & repairers make somewhat more than Chefs & head cooks while Correspondence clerks & order clerks make somewhat less. This chart shows the various occupations closest to Chefs & head cooks as measured by average annual salary in the US.

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Wage Distribution

0.349
WAGE GINI

In 2015, Chefs & head cooks had a wage GINI coefficient of 0.349, which is lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly for Chefs & head cooks (shown in red) than for the overall labor force (shown in gray).

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Wage by Location

This map shows the Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States shaded by average annual wage for Chefs & head cooks.

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Spatial Concentration

This map displays which Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States have a relatively high population of Chefs & head cooks.

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Industries

Highest Paying

The highest paying industries for Chefs & head cooks, by average wage, are Nondepository credit & related activities, Water transportation, and Seafood & other miscellaneous foods, n.e.c. .

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Industries by Share

459k
2020 Workforce
± 16,603
1.79%
1 YEAR GROWTH
± 5.05%

The number of people employed as Chefs & head cooks has been growing at a rate of 1.79%, from 450,718 people in 2019 to 458,770 people in 2020.

This graphic shows the share of Chefs & head cooks employed by various industries. Restaurants & Food Services employs the largest share of Chefs & head cooks at  71.7%, followed by Traveler accommodation with 6.08% and Amusement & Recreation with 4.87%.

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Diversity

Demographic information on Chefs & head cooks in the US. The average age of male Chefs & head cooks in the workforce is 39.6 and of female Chefs & head cooks is 39.9, and the most common race/ethnicity for Chefs & head cooks is White (Non-Hispanic).

Composition by Sex

358k
MALE WORKFORCE
± 14,667
101k
FEMALE WORKFORCE
± 7,801

78% of Chefs & head cooks are Male, making them the more common sex in the occupation. This chart shows the sex breakdown of Chefs & head cooks.

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Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity of Chefs & head cooks
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
  3. Black (Non-Hispanic)

43.7% of Chefs & head cooks are White (Non-Hispanic), making that the most common race or ethnicity in the occupation. Representing 16.5% of Chefs & head cooks, Asian (Non-Hispanic) is the second most common race or ethnicity in this occupation. This chart shows the racial and ethnic breakdown of Chefs & head cooks.

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Age by Sex

39.6
AVERAGE MALE AGE
± 0.492
39.9
AVERAGE FEMALE AGE
± 1.03

The median age of Chefs & head cooks is 39.7, and Male employees are generally 0.265 years younger than than their Female counterparts.

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Education

Data on higher education choices for Chefs & head cooks from The Department of Education and Census Bureau. The most common major for Chefs & head cooks is Business but a relatively high number of Chefs & head cooks hold a major in Personal & Culinary Services.

Majors

ACS PUMS data only shows the major for bachelor's degrees. However, we can filter the data based on highest degree obtained.
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Skills

Data on the critical and distinctive skills necessary for Chefs & head cooks from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Chefs & head cooks need many skills, but most especially Monitoring, Coordination, and Speaking. The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) shows that Chefs & head cooks need more than the average amount of Management of Financial Resources, Management of Material Resources, and Management of Personnel Resources.

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Bar Chart

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Projections

Projections on job growth for Chefs and Head Cooks from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The 10-year national workforce is projected to grow 3.71%, but Chefs and Head Cooks are expected to see a growth of 6.32% over the same period. This occupation is expected to grow more than the national average.

Job Growth

For growth projections, the closest comparible industry reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics is Chefs and Head Cooks.
6.32%
Estimated Job Growth
10-year Projection
3.71%
National Growth
10-year Projection

This line chart shows the projected 10-year growth in the number of jobs for Chefs and Head Cooks. This profession is expected to grow more than than 3.71%, the average rate of national job growth.

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