Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations

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2019 Workforce
8.95M
Average Age
33.2
Estimated Job Growth
9.33%
10-year projection
Average Salary
$19,544
Average Male Salary
$22,142
Average Female Salary
$17,351

About

Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are most often employed by the Restaurants & Food Services industry. The average yearly wage for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations was $19,544 in 2016. The top 3 most similar occupations to Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations by wage are Personal Care & Service Occupations, Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations, and Healthcare Support Occupations.

Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are part of the Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, along with Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

The top 3 locations that employ the most Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are Spring Valley & Summerlin South PUMA, NV, Paradise (South) & Enterprise PUMA, NV, and Paradise (Northwest) & Winchester PUMA, NV. The top 3 locations with a relatively high concentration of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are Las Vegas City (South Central) PUMA, NV, Paradise (Northwest) & Winchester PUMA, NV, and Elmhurst & South Corona PUMA, NY.

Employment

Information on the businesses and industries that employ Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations and on wages and locations for those in the field. Restaurants & Food Services is the industry that employs the most Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, both by share and by number, though the highest paid industry for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, by average wage, is Water transportation. Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are paid most in Malden & Medford Cities PUMA, MA but are relatively concentrated in Las Vegas City (South Central) PUMA, NV.

Wages

Yearly Wage

$19,544
AVERAGE SALARY
± $169

In 2019, Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations earned an average of $19,544, $35,980 less than than the average national salary of $55,524.

Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are the lowest paid occupation in the US followed by Personal Care & Service Occupations. This chart shows the various occupations closest to Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations as measured by average annual salary in the US.

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Wage Distribution

0.416
WAGE GINI

In 2015, Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations had a wage GINI coefficient of 0.416, which is lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (shown in red) than for the overall labor force (shown in gray).

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Wage by Location

This map shows the Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States shaded by average annual wage for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Spatial Concentration

PUMAs with a Relatively High Concentration of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations

This map displays which Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States have a relatively high population of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Industries

Most Common

The most common industries employing Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services, Elementary & secondary schools, and Traveler accommodation.

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Industries by Share

8.95M
2019 Workforce
± 71,258
0.938%
1 YEAR GROWTH
± 1.12%

The number of people employed as Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations has been growing at a rate of 0.938%, from 8,868,964 people in 2018 to 8,952,149 people in 2019.

This graphic shows the share of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations employed by various industries. Restaurants & Food Services employs the largest share of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations at  75.5%, followed by Elementary & secondary schools with 3.58% and Traveler accommodation with 3%.

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Diversity

Demographic information on Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations in the US. The average age of male Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations in the workforce is 32 and of female Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is 34.1, and the most common race/ethnicity for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is White (Non-Hispanic).

Gender Composition

4.1M
MALE WORKFORCE
± 49,018
4.86M
FEMALE WORKFORCE
± 53,225

54.2% of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are Female, making them the more common gender in the occupation. This chart shows the gender breakdown of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
  2. White (Hispanic)
  3. Black (Non-Hispanic)

51.2% of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are White (Non-Hispanic), making that the most common race or ethnicity in the occupation. Representing 15.9% of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, White (Hispanic) is the second most common race or ethnicity in this occupation. This chart shows the racial and ethnic breakdown of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Age by Gender

32
AVERAGE MALE AGE
± 0.165
34.1
AVERAGE FEMALE AGE
± 0.17

The median age of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is 33.2, and Male employees are generally 2.17 years younger than than their Female counterparts.

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Education

Data on higher education choices for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations from The Department of Education and Census Bureau. The most common major for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is Business but a relatively high number of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations hold a major in Personal & Culinary Services.

Majors

ACS PUMS data only shows the major for bachelor's degrees. However, we can filter the data based on highest degree obtained.
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Skills

Data on the critical and distinctive skills necessary for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations need many skills, but most especially Monitoring, Coordination, and Speaking. The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) shows that Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations need more than the average amount of Quality Control Analysis, Troubleshooting, and Technology Design.

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Growth Projections

Projections on wages and job growth for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The ten-year national workforce is projected to grow 6.85%, but Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are expected to see a growth of 9.33% over the same period. This occupation is expected to grow higher than the national average.

Job Growth

9.33%
ESTIMATED GROWTH
6.85%
NATIONAL AVERAGE

This line chart shows the 10-year projected employment growth (from 2018 to 2028) for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations. This profession is expected to grow faster than 6.85%, the average rate of national job growth.

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