Wisconsin

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Population

5.8M

0.29% growth

Median Age

39.5


Median Household Income

$59,305

4.39% growth

Poverty Rate

12.3%


Number of Employees

2.86M

1.02% growth

Median Property Value

$178,900

3.29% growth

About

In 2017, Wisconsin had a population of 5.8M people with a median age of 39.5 and a median household income of $59,305. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Wisconsin grew from 5.78M to 5.8M, a 0.29% increase and its median household income grew from $56,811 to $59,305, a 4.39% increase.

The population of Wisconsin is 81.2% White Alone, 6.86% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.25% Black or African American Alone. 8.58% of the people in Wisconsin speak a non-English language, and 97.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Wisconsin are University of Wisconsin-Madison (12,338 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (5,732 degrees), and Marquette University (3,556 degrees).

The median property value in Wisconsin is $178,900, and the homeownership rate is 66.6%. Most people in Wisconsin commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Wisconsin is 2 cars per household.

Wisconsin borders Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, and Iowa.

Economy

The economy of Wisconsin employs 2.86M people. The largest industries in Wisconsin are Elementary & secondary schools (163,908 people), Restaurants & Food Services (163,494 people), and Hospitals (159,332 people), and the highest paying industries are Drugs, sundries, & chemical & allied products merchant wholesalers ($133,507), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($119,148), and Air transportation ($107,344).

Median household income in Wisconsin is $59,305. Males in Wisconsin have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,230. The income inequality in Wisconsin (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$59,305

2017 value

± $587

4.39%

1 Year Growth

± 1.33%

Households in Wisconsin have a median annual income of $59,305, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,811 in 2016, which represents a 4.39% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Wisconsin compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$63,633

Average Male Salary

± $1,359

$48,230

Average Female Salary

± $1,046

In 2017, full-time male employees in Wisconsin made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Wisconsin by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $60,448 ± $44,584

  2. Asian

    $56,631 ± $6,181

  3. White

    $48,750 ± $822

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Wisconsin workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.07 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Wisconsin by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.452

2017 Wage GINI

0.454

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Wisconsin was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.373% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Wisconsin was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Wisconsin in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Wisconsin across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Wisconsin was Ozaukee County, WI with a value of $82,869, followed by Waukesha County, WI and St. Croix County, WI, with respective values of $82,248 and $80,512.

The following map shows all of the counties in Wisconsin colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Wisconsin (693k out of 5.61M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    474,652 ± 4,360

  2. Black

    118,842 ± 2,168

  3. Hispanic

    92,172 ± 2,015

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Wisconsin is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.86M

2017 Value

1.02%

1 Year growth

± 1.02%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wisconsin grew at a rate of 1.02%, from 2.84M employees to 2.86M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Wisconsin, are Miscellaneous managers (70,644 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (70,157 people), and Registered nurses (69,313 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Wisconsin.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Wisconsin, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous managers (70,644 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (70,157 people), and Registered nurses (69,313 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Wisconsin has an unusually high number of residents working as Paper goods machine setters, operators, & tenders (5.74 times higher than expected), Extruding & drawing machine setters, operators, & tenders, metal & plastic (5.35 times), and Agricultural & food science technicians (4.44 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Wisconsin, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($263,977), Nurse anesthetists ($230,509), and Dentists ($198,655).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.86M

2017 Value

1.02%

1 Year growth

± 1.02%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wisconsin grew at a rate of 1.02%, from 2.84M employees to 2.86M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Wisconsin, are Elementary & secondary schools (163,908 people), Restaurants & Food Services (163,494 people), and Hospitals (159,332 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Wisconsin, though some of these residents may live in Wisconsin and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Wisconsin, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (163,908 people), Restaurants & Food Services (163,494 people), and Hospitals (159,332 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Wisconsin has an unusually high number of Dairy product manufacturing (8.95 times higher than expected), Other transportation equipment manufacturing (7.17 times), and Foundries (6.69 times) industries.

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Wisconsin to other states, or from other states to Wisconsin.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $37.5B

  2. $28B

  3. $26B

In 2015, the top outbound Wisconsin product (by dollars) was Other foodstuffs with $37.5B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Machinery ($26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Wisconsin products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$325B

2015 Value

$493B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Wisconsin trade was $325B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $493B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Wisconsin trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Wisconsin to other states, or from other states to Wisconsin.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.7B

  2. $28.3B

  3. $10.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Wisconsin domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $28.7B, followed by Minnesota with $28.3B and Michigan and $10.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Wisconsin shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.6% of the population of Wisconsin has health coverage, with 55.5% on employee plans, 13.6% on Medicaid, 12.5% on Medicare, 11.8% on non-group plans, and 1.21% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Wisconsin was $8,702 in 2014. This is a 6.26% increase from the previous year ($8,189).

Primary care physicians in Wisconsin see 1247 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.565% increase from the previous year (1240 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1516 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 560 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Adams County and Menominee County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.1%). Additionally, Menominee County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,247 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Wisconsin see an average of 1,247 patients per year. This represents a 0.565% increase from the previous year (1,240 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Wisconsin in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$8,702

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,159

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,057

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,608

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Wisconsin (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.26%, from $8,189 to $8,702.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.41%

Uninsured

55.5%

Employer Coverage

13.6%

Medicaid

12.5%

Medicare

11.8%

Non-Group

1.21%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Wisconsin grew by 2.75% from 5.26% to 5.41%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Wisconsin changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.1% prevalence

  2. 13.1% prevalence

  3. 12.4% prevalence

Adams County and Menominee County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Wisconsin, at 13.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Wisconsin by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Wisconsin is home to a population of 5.8M people, from which 97.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.86% of Wisconsin residents were born outside of the country (281k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Wisconsin is composed of 4.71M White Alone residents (81.2%), 398k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.86%), 362k Black or African American Alone residents (6.25%), 159k Asian Alone residents (2.74%), 113k Two or More Races residents (1.95%), 44.7k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.771%), 9.36k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.162%), and 3.62k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0625%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Wisconsin are Spanish (244,221 speakers), Hmong (39,116 speakers), and German (28,728 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.1

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Wisconsin was 39.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Wisconsin are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Wisconsin residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.86%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

281k people

4.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

277k people

As of 2017, 4.86% of Wisconsin residents (281k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Wisconsin was 4.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Wisconsin compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    75,540 ± 6,704 people

  2. India

    37,144 ± 4,717 people

  3. China

    17,388 ± 3,233 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Wisconsin was Mexico, the natal country of 75,540 Wisconsin residents, followed by India with 37,144 and China with 17,388.

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Citizenship

97.3%

2017 Citizenship

97.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.3% of Wisconsin residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Wisconsin was 97.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Wisconsin compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    4.71M ± 3.6k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    398k ± 14.4k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    362k ± 4.04k

In 2017, there were 11.8 times more White Alone residents (4.71M people) in Wisconsin than any other race or ethnicity. There were 398k Hispanic or Latino and 362k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Wisconsin as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    244,221 speakers (4.47%)

  2. Hmong

    39,116 speakers (0.716%)

  3. German

    28,728 speakers (0.526%)

8.58% of Wisconsin citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Wisconsin was Spanish. 4.47% of the overall population of Wisconsin are native Spanish speakers. 0.716% speak Hmong and 0.526% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    118,605 ± 3,919

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    45,880 ± 3,289

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    38,323 ± 2,903

Wisconsin has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.59 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Wisconsin awarded 88,325 degrees. The student population of Wisconsin is skewed towards women, with 150,693 male students and 192,876 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Wisconsin are White (70,113 and 82.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (4,000 and 4.7%), Black or African American (3,609 and 4.24%), and Asian (2,828 and 3.33%).

The largest universities in Wisconsin by number of degrees awarded are University of Wisconsin-Madison (12,338 and 14%), University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (5,732 and 6.49%), and Marquette University (3,556 and 4.03%).

The most popular majors in Wisconsin are Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (5,915 and 6.7%), General Business Administration & Management (4,351 and 4.93%), and Registered Nursing (4,124 and 4.67%).

The median tuition costs in Wisconsin are $27,734 for private four year colleges, and $6,519 and $14,287 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 2,383 degrees awarded

  2. 2,123 degrees awarded

  3. 2,042 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Wisconsin was General Business Administration & Management with 2,383 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Wisconsin according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,338 degrees awarded

  2. 5,732 degrees awarded

  3. 3,556 degrees awarded

$6,519

Median In-State Public

$27,734

Median Private

In 2016, the Wisconsin institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Wisconsin-Madison with 12,338 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

36,700

Degrees Awarded to Men

51,625

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 36,700 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Wisconsin, which is 0.711 times less than the 51,625 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Wisconsin by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    70,113 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    4,000 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    3,609 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Wisconsin were to White students. These 70,113 degrees mean that there were 17.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 4,000 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Wisconsin was $178,900 in 2017, which is 0.822 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $173,200 to $178,900, a 3.29% increase. The homeownership rate in Wisconsin is 66.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Wisconsin have an average commute time of 21.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Wisconsin is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$59,305

Median Household Income

± $587

2.35M

Number of Households

± 20,205

In 2017, the median household income of the 2.35M households in Wisconsin grew to $59,305 from the previous year's value of $56,811.

The following chart displays the households in Wisconsin distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$178,900

2017 Median

± $1,377

$173,200

2016 Median

± $1,053

In 2017, the median property value in Wisconsin grew to to $178,900 from the previous year's value of $173,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Wisconsin compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wisconsin the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Wisconsin distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wisconsin the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

66.6%

2017 Homeownership

66.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.6% of the housing units in Wisconsin were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Wisconsin compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Wisconsin distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Wisconsin have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Wisconsin have a shorter commute time (21.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.62% of the workforce in Wisconsin have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Wisconsin compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.1%

  2. Carpooled

    7.63%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.95%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Wisconsin was Drove Alone (81.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.63%) and those who Worked At Home (4.95%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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