South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
130,446
0.875% 1-year decline
US Senator
Dick Durbin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tammy Duckworth
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
44.5
0.679% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
16.8%
3.56% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$54,488
4.94% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$100,300
13.8% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
49,403
0.152% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL had a population of 130k people with a median age of 44.5 and a median household income of $54,488. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL declined from 131,598 to 130,446, a −0.875% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,925 to $54,488, a 4.94% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (88.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (5.13%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.78%), Two+ (Hispanic) (1.11%), and White (Hispanic) (0.985%).

2.69% of the households in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.4% of the residents in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL are Shawnee Community College (550 degrees awarded in 2022), Southeastern Illinois College (400 degrees), and Wabash Valley College (282 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was $100,300, and the homeownership rate was 77.5%.

Most people in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.3 minutes. The average car ownership in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL is home to a population of 130k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.33% of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL residents were born outside of the country (1.74k people).

In 2022, there were 17.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (116k people) in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 3.63k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL are Spanish (2,025 households), German (326 households), and Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (149 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
64,724
Women
49.6%
65,709
Men
50.4%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 130,433 inhabitants, with 50.4% men, and 49.6% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

With the upper buttons you can add a filter by race.

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Citizenship

99.4%
2022 Citizenship
99.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.4% of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    116k ± 153
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    6.7k ± 366
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    3.63k ± 382
2.63%
Hispanic Population
3.43k people

In 2022, there were 17.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (116k people) in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 3.63k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.63% of the people in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL are hispanic (3.43k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    592 ± 596 people
  2. Korea
    159 ± 309 people
  3. Philippines
    118 ± 267 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was Mexico, the natal country of 592 South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL residents, followed by Korea with 159 and Philippines with 118.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.33%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.74k people
1.21%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.59k people

As of 2022, 1.33% of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL residents (1.74k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was 1.21%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    2,025 households (1.64%)
  2. German
    326 households (0.264%)
  3. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages
    149 households (0.121%)

2.69% of the households in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was Spanish. 1.64% of the households in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,502 ± 309
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,584 ± 239
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    984 ± 195

South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL employs 49.4k people. The largest industries in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL are Elementary & secondary schools (3,604 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,953 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,740 people), and the highest paying industries are Not specified manufacturing industries ($170,257), Scientific research & development services ($167,470), and Legal services ($104,410).

Males in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,750. The income inequality in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.426, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
24,719
Women
49.7%
25,019
Men
50.3%

The workforce of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL in 2020 was 49,738 people, with 49.7% woman, and 50.3% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

49.4k
2022 Value
0.152%
1 Year growth
± 0.152%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL grew at a rate of 0.152%, from 49.3k employees to 49.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,676 people), Registered nurses (1,667 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (1,234 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

49.4k
2022 Value
0.152%
1 Year growth
± 0.152%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL grew at a rate of 0.152%, from 49.3k employees to 49.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,604 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,953 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,740 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL, though some of these residents may live in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$46,891
Median earning men ± $1,197
$30,401
Median earning women ± $1,217

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($68,958), Public Administration ($68,949), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($56,893).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Manufacturing ($38,397), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($36,913), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($36,011).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Y-Axis
2.47%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 6.03M people employed in Illinois. This represents a 2.47% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Illinois.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Illinois went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 57.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (40.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.1%).

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing the state of Illinois. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Illinois is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Illinois

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Dick Durbin
Senator from Illinois2
Assumed office on January 3, 1997
Tammy Duckworth
Senator from Illinois3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing Illinois.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Illinois over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Illinois

Illinois is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Illinois have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL awarded 1,232 degrees. The student population of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,418 male students and 2,061 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL are White (1,033 and 83.8%), followed by Black or African American (106 and 8.6%), Hispanic or Latino (30 and 2.44%), and Asian (18 and 1.46%).

The largest universities in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL by number of degrees awarded are Shawnee Community College (550 and 44.6%), Southeastern Illinois College (400 and 32.5%), and Wabash Valley College (282 and 22.9%).

The most popular majors in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (556 and 45.1%), Biological & Physical Sciences (109 and 8.85%), and Welding Technology (83 and 6.74%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 3,479 students enrolled in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL, 40.8% men and 59.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 2,845 records, of which 60% were women and 40% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 306 degrees awarded
  2. 109 degrees awarded
  3. 37 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 306 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 550 degrees awarded
  2. 400 degrees awarded
  3. 282 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Shawnee Community College with 550 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 554 men were awarded degrees from institutions in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL, which is 0.817 times less than the 678 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,033 degrees mean that there were 9.75 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 106 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($6,300) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,080) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($946) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.73% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.729% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (35.9k), Some college (25k), and Secondary Education (16.6k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was $100,300 in 2022, which is 0.356 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $88,100 to $100,300, a 13.8% increase. The homeownership rate in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL is 77.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL have an average commute time of 25.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL is $54,488. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was Cook County (Northeast)--Northfield & New Trier Townships PUMA, IL with a value of $149,789, followed by Lake County (Southeast)--Vernon, Moraine & West Deerfield Townships PUMA, IL and Lake County (Southwest)--Ela, Fremont, Wauconda & Cuba Townships PUMA, IL, with respective values of $149,702 and $130,927.

Property

$100,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$2,808
$39,835
Median Property Taxes
±$1,096

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

77.5%
Homeownership
2022
62.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 77.5% of the housing units in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 78.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was Cook County (Northeast)--Northfield & New Trier Townships PUMA, IL with a value of $149,789, followed by Lake County (Southeast)--Vernon, Moraine & West Deerfield Townships PUMA, IL and Lake County (Southwest)--Ela, Fremont, Wauconda & Cuba Townships PUMA, IL, with respective values of $149,702 and $130,927.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$54,488
Median Household Income
± $1,763
51.4k
Number of Households
± 1,279

In 2022, the median household income of the 51.4k households in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL grew to $54,488 from the previous year's value of $51,925.

The following chart displays the households in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.426
2022 Wage GINI in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL
0.417
2021 Wage GINI in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL

In 2022, the income inequality in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was 0.426 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.11% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (83%)
  2. Carpooled (8.67%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.09%)

In 2022, 83% of workers in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.67%) and those who worked at home (5.09%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

25.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL have a shorter commute time (25.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.83% of the workforce in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL (21.1k out of 126k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

93.5% of the population of South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL has health coverage, with 40% on employee plans, 24% on Medicaid, 16.7% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.49% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Illinois see 1231 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.806% decrease from the previous year (1241 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1221 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 372 patients per year.

Similarly, primary care physicians in Kentucky see 1536 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.454% decrease from the previous year (1543 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1519 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 388 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois and Kentucky.
1,231 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Illinois
1,536 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Kentucky

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,231 patients per year. This represents a 0.806% decrease from the previous year (1,241 patients).

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,536 patients per year. This represents a 0.454% decrease from the previous year (1,543 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois and Kentucky in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.3% under 18 years, 16.7% between 18 and 34 years, 39.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 21.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.2% were men and 50.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.51%
Uninsured
40%
Employer Coverage
24%
Medicaid
16.7%
Medicare
11.3%
Non-Group
1.49%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL grew by 5.02% from 6.2% to 6.51%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in South & Southeast Illinois--Saline, Union & Massac Counties PUMA, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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