South Bend, IN

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Population

101,928

0.882% growth

Median Age

33.4


Median Household Income

$37,441

4.71% growth

Poverty Rate

25.4%


Number of Employees

45,211

3.22% growth

Median Property Value

$81,100

0.745% growth

About

In 2017, South Bend, IN had a population of 102k people with a median age of 33.4 and a median household income of $37,441. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of South Bend, IN grew from 101,037 to 101,928, a 0.882% increase and its median household income grew from $35,758 to $37,441, a 4.71% increase.

The population of South Bend, IN is 53.9% White Alone, 26% Black or African American Alone, and 14.4% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in South Bend, IN speak a non-English language, and 94.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in South Bend, IN are Indiana University-South Bend (967 degrees awarded in 2016) and Brown Mackie College-South Bend (152 degrees).

The median property value in South Bend, IN is $81,100, and the homeownership rate is 57.2%. Most people in South Bend, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.3 minutes. The average car ownership in South Bend, IN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: The Golden Dome at Notre Dame

Economy

The economy of South Bend, IN employs 45.2k people. The largest industries in South Bend, IN are Manufacturing (7,909 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,886 people), and Educational Services (5,910 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($40,671), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($38,984), and Utilities ($37,000).

Median household income in South Bend, IN is $37,441. Males in South Bend, IN have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,677. The income inequality in South Bend, IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,441

2017 value

± $1,096

4.71%

1 Year Growth

± 3.65%

Households in South Bend, IN have a median annual income of $37,441, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $35,758 in 2016, which represents a 4.71% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in South Bend, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

$59,508

Average Male Salary

± $1,197

$42,677

Average Female Salary

± $917

In 2017, full-time male employees in Indiana made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $60,595 ± $7,828

  2. White

    $45,279 ± $744

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $41,920 ± $17,388

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Indiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.34 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for South Bend, IN is from Indiana.

0.456

2017 Wage GINI

0.457

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0682% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 118.01

  2. Census Tract 16

  3. Census Tract 8

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in South Bend, IN was Census Tract 118.01 with a value of $88,600, followed by Census Tract 16 and Census Tract 8, with respective values of $73,125 and $64,957.

The following map shows all of the places in South Bend, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in South Bend, IN (25.3k out of 99.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    11,594 ± 694

  2. Black

    10,353 ± 723

  3. Hispanic

    4,341 ± 400

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in South Bend, IN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

45.2k

2017 Value

± 1,338

3.22%

1 Year growth

± 3.97%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in South Bend, IN grew at a rate of 3.22%, from 43.8k employees to 45.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in South Bend, IN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,176 people), Production Occupations (5,204 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (4,140 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of South Bend, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of South Bend, IN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,176 people), Production Occupations (5,204 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (4,140 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, South Bend, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.99 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.83 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of South Bend, IN, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($59,677), Legal Occupations ($57,143), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($56,916).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

45.2k

2017 Value

± 1,338

3.22%

1 Year growth

± 3.97%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in South Bend, IN grew at a rate of 3.22%, from 43.8k employees to 45.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in South Bend, IN, are Manufacturing (7,909 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,886 people), and Educational Services (5,910 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of South Bend, IN, though some of these residents may live in South Bend, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in South Bend, IN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (7,909 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,886 people), and Educational Services (5,910 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, South Bend, IN has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.73 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.41 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.18 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in South Bend, IN, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance ($40,671), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($38,984), and Utilities ($37,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $69.1B

  2. $42.9B

  3. $39.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $69.1B, followed by Base metals ($42.9B) and Mixed freight ($39.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana state.

$446B

2015 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

56.6% growth

In 2015, total outbound Indiana trade was $446B. This is expected to increase 56.6% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.9B

  2. $32.7B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $39.9B, followed by Michigan with $32.7B and Illinois and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.2% of the population of South Bend, IN has health coverage, with 42% on employee plans, 24.3% on Medicaid, 9.69% on Medicare, 8.9% on non-group plans, and 1.27% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of South Bend, IN was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in South Bend, IN see 1505 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1489 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1852 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 701 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

1,505 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Indiana see an average of 1,505 patients per year. This represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1,489 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Indiana in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.8%

Uninsured

42%

Employer Coverage

24.3%

Medicaid

9.69%

Medicare

8.9%

Non-Group

1.27%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in South Bend, IN declined by 8.44% from 15.1% to 13.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in South Bend, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

South Bend, IN is home to a population of 102k people, from which 94.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.53% of South Bend, IN residents were born outside of the country (8.7k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of South Bend, IN is composed of 55k White Alone residents (53.9%), 26.5k Black or African American Alone residents (26%), 14.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (14.4%), 3.58k Two or More Races residents (3.51%), 1.47k Asian Alone residents (1.44%), 360 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.353%), 205 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.201%), and 109 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.107%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in South Bend, IN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in South Bend, IN was 33.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in South Bend, IN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all South Bend, IN residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.53%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.7k people

8.55%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

8.64k people

As of 2017, 8.53% of South Bend, IN residents (8.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in South Bend, IN was 8.55%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in South Bend, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    106,451 ± 7,946 people

  2. India

    28,953 ± 4,168 people

  3. China

    22,599 ± 3,684 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 106,451 Indiana residents, followed by India with 28,953 and China with 22,599.

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Citizenship

94.2%

2017 Citizenship

94.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.2% of South Bend, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in South Bend, IN was 94.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in South Bend, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    55k ± 1.13k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    26.5k ± 1.02k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    14.7k ± 1.17k

In 2017, there were 2.07 times more White Alone residents (55k people) in South Bend, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 26.5k Black or African American Alone and 14.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in South Bend, IN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of South Bend, IN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in South Bend, IN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of South Bend, IN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,687 ± 211

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    676 ± 196

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    601 ± 126

South Bend, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in South Bend, IN awarded 1,119 degrees. The student population of South Bend, IN is skewed towards women, with 2,819 male students and 4,497 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in South Bend, IN are White (804 and 76%), followed by Black or African American (121 and 11.4%), Hispanic or Latino (63 and 5.95%), and Two or More Races (28 and 2.65%).

The largest universities in South Bend, IN by number of degrees awarded are Indiana University-South Bend (967 and 86.4%) and Brown Mackie College-South Bend (152 and 13.6%).

The most popular majors in South Bend, IN are General Business (192 and 17.2%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (106 and 9.47%), and Registered Nursing (96 and 8.58%).

The median tuition costs in South Bend, IN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,478 and $18,088 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 145 degrees awarded

  2. 105 degrees awarded

  3. 96 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in South Bend, IN was General Business with 145 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in South Bend, IN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 967 degrees awarded

  2. 152 degrees awarded

$6,478

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the South Bend, IN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Indiana University-South Bend with 967 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

357

Degrees Awarded to Men

762

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 357 men were awarded degrees from institutions in South Bend, IN, which is 0.469 times less than the 762 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in South Bend, IN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    804 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    121 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    63 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in South Bend, IN were to White students. These 804 degrees mean that there were 6.64 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 121 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in South Bend, IN was $81,100 in 2017, which is 0.373 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $80,500 to $81,100, a 0.745% increase. The homeownership rate in South Bend, IN is 57.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in South Bend, IN have an average commute time of 19.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in South Bend, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,441

Median Household Income

± $1,096

39k

Number of Households

± 1,199

In 2017, the median household income of the 39k households in South Bend, IN grew to $37,441 from the previous year's value of $35,758.

The following chart displays the households in South Bend, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$81,100

2017 Median

± $1,734

$80,500

2016 Median

± $1,401

In 2017, the median property value in South Bend, IN grew to to $81,100 from the previous year's value of $80,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in South Bend, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In South Bend, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in South Bend, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In South Bend, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

57.2%

2017 Homeownership

57.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 57.2% of the housing units in South Bend, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 57.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in South Bend, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in South Bend, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in South Bend, IN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in South Bend, IN have a shorter commute time (19.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.15% of the workforce in South Bend, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in South Bend, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.3%

  2. Carpooled

    11%

  3. Walked

    3.08%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in South Bend, IN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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