Salem city, VA

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Population

25,521

0.913% growth

Median Age

41.1


Median Household Income

$53,990

3.13% growth

Poverty Rate

8.88%


Number of Employees

12,446

0.72% growth

Median Property Value

$174,000

0.115% growth

About

In 2017, Salem city, VA had a population of 25.5k people with a median age of 41.1 and a median household income of $53,990. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Salem city, VA grew from 25,290 to 25,521, a 0.913% increase and its median household income grew from $52,351 to $53,990, a 3.13% increase.

The population of Salem city, VA is 85.8% White Alone, 7.21% Black or African American Alone, and 3.19% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Salem city, VA speak a non-English language, and 98.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Salem city, VA are Roanoke College (500 degrees awarded in 2016) and American National University (395 degrees).

The median property value in Salem city, VA is $174,000, and the homeownership rate is 65.5%. Most people in Salem city, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Salem city, VA is 2 cars per household.

Salem city, VA borders Roanoke city, VA and Roanoke County, VA.

Economy

The economy of Salem city, VA employs 12.4k people. The largest industries in Salem city, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,884 people), Educational Services (1,692 people), and Retail Trade (1,590 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($50,497), Finance & Insurance ($48,594), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($47,372).

Median household income in Salem city, VA is $53,990. Males in Salem city, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Salem city, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,990

2017 value

± $2,528

3.13%

1 Year Growth

± 6.33%

Households in Salem city, VA have a median annual income of $53,990, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,351 in 2016, which represents a 3.13% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Salem city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Salem city, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 105.02

  2. Census Tract 101

  3. Census Tract 105.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salem city, VA was Census Tract 105.02 with a value of $57,535, followed by Census Tract 101 and Census Tract 105.01, with respective values of $52,000 and $51,413.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Salem city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.88% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salem city, VA (2.05k out of 23.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,467 ± 281

  2. Black

    372 ± 191

  3. Asian

    169 ± 128

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salem city, VA is White, followed by Black and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.4k

2017 Value

± 740

0.72%

1 Year growth

± 8.22%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem city, VA grew at a rate of 0.72%, from 12.4k employees to 12.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salem city, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,088 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,209 people), and Management Occupations (1,078 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salem city, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Salem city, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,088 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,209 people), and Management Occupations (1,078 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Salem city, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.82 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.3 times), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1.29 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Salem city, VA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($73,939), Legal Occupations ($70,417), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($70,395).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.4k

2017 Value

± 740

0.72%

1 Year growth

± 8.22%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem city, VA grew at a rate of 0.72%, from 12.4k employees to 12.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salem city, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,884 people), Educational Services (1,692 people), and Retail Trade (1,590 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salem city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Salem city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Salem city, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,884 people), Educational Services (1,692 people), and Retail Trade (1,590 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Salem city, VA has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.47 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.4 times), and Public Administration (1.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Salem city, VA, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($50,497), Finance & Insurance ($48,594), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($47,372).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($26B) and Electronics ($22.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.2% of the population of Salem city, VA has health coverage, with 56.9% on employee plans, 8.3% on Medicaid, 14.1% on Medicare, 10.5% on non-group plans, and 2.39% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Salem city, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Salem city, VA see 748 patients per year on average, which represents a 17.4% increase from the previous year (637 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 730 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 144 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

748 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Salem city, VA see an average of 748 patients per year. This represents a 17.4% increase from the previous year (637 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Salem city, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.81%

Uninsured

56.9%

Employer Coverage

8.3%

Medicaid

14.1%

Medicare

10.5%

Non-Group

2.39%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salem city, VA declined by 14% from 9.08% to 7.81%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salem city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Salem city, VA is home to a population of 25.5k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.24% of Salem city, VA residents were born outside of the country (572 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Salem city, VA is composed of 21.9k White Alone residents (85.8%), 1.84k Black or African American Alone residents (7.21%), 815 Hispanic or Latino residents (3.19%), 475 Asian Alone residents (1.86%), 457 Two or More Races residents (1.79%), 27 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.106%), 10 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0392%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Salem city, VA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Salem city, VA was 41.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Salem city, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Salem city, VA residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.24%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

572 people

3.18%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

804 people

As of 2017, 2.24% of Salem city, VA residents (572 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salem city, VA was 3.18%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salem city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

98.9%

2017 Citizenship

98.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.9% of Salem city, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Salem city, VA was 98.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salem city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    21.9k ± 48

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.84k ± 139

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    815 ± 204

In 2017, there were 11.9 times more White Alone residents (21.9k people) in Salem city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.84k Black or African American Alone and 815 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Salem city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Salem city, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Salem city, VA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Salem city, VA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    666 ± 144

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    356 ± 118

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    291 ± 111

Salem city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.87 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Salem city, VA awarded 895 degrees. The student population of Salem city, VA is skewed towards women, with 1,027 male students and 2,047 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salem city, VA are White (622 and 70.6%), followed by Black or African American (128 and 14.5%), Unknown (50 and 5.68%), and Hispanic or Latino (31 and 3.52%).

The largest universities in Salem city, VA by number of degrees awarded are Roanoke College (500 and 55.9%) and American National University (395 and 44.1%).

The most popular majors in Salem city, VA are General Business Administration & Management (182 and 20.3%), Medical Assistant (133 and 14.9%), and General Biological Sciences (46 and 5.14%).

The median tuition costs in Salem city, VA are $39,720 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 114 degrees awarded

  2. 46 degrees awarded

  3. 37 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Salem city, VA was General Business Administration & Management with 114 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Salem city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 500 degrees awarded

  2. 395 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$39,720

Median Private

In 2016, the Salem city, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Roanoke College with 500 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

277

Degrees Awarded to Men

618

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 277 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salem city, VA, which is 0.448 times less than the 618 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Salem city, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    622 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    128 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    50 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Salem city, VA were to White students. These 622 degrees mean that there were 4.86 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 128 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Salem city, VA was $174,000 in 2017, which is 0.8 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $173,800 to $174,000, a 0.115% increase. The homeownership rate in Salem city, VA is 65.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Salem city, VA have an average commute time of 18.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Salem city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,990

Median Household Income

± $2,528

10k

Number of Households

± 634

In 2017, the median household income of the 10k households in Salem city, VA grew to $53,990 from the previous year's value of $52,351.

The following chart displays the households in Salem city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$174,000

2017 Median

± $6,259

$173,800

2016 Median

± $5,922

In 2017, the median property value in Salem city, VA grew to to $174,000 from the previous year's value of $173,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Salem city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem city, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Salem city, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.5%

2017 Homeownership

64.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.5% of the housing units in Salem city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Salem city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salem city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salem city, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

18.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salem city, VA have a shorter commute time (18.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.953% of the workforce in Salem city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salem city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.5%

  2. Carpooled

    8.1%

  3. Walked

    4.96%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Salem city, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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