North Carolina

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Population

10.3M

1.25% growth

Median Age

38.8


Median Household Income

$52,752

4.29% growth

Poverty Rate

16.1%


Number of Employees

4.62M

3.05% growth

Median Property Value

$171,200

3.51% growth

About

In 2017, North Carolina had a population of 10.3M people with a median age of 38.8 and a median household income of $52,752. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of North Carolina grew from 10.1M to 10.3M, a 1.25% increase and its median household income grew from $50,584 to $52,752, a 4.29% increase.

The population of North Carolina is 63% White Alone, 21.2% Black or African American Alone, and 9.37% Hispanic or Latino. 11.5% of the people in North Carolina speak a non-English language, and 95% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in North Carolina are University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (9,252 degrees awarded in 2016), North Carolina State University at Raleigh (8,924 degrees), and University of North Carolina at Charlotte (7,129 degrees).

The median property value in North Carolina is $171,200, and the homeownership rate is 65.4%. Most people in North Carolina commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.4 minutes. The average car ownership in North Carolina is 2 cars per household.

North Carolina borders Georgia, Tennessee, South Carolina, and Virginia.

Economy

The economy of North Carolina employs 4.62M people. The largest industries in North Carolina are Restaurants & Food Services (328,113 people), Construction (270,863 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (267,064 people), and the highest paying industries are Software publishing ($121,624), Agricultural chemical manufacturing ($121,036), and Offices of chiropractors ($110,049).

Median household income in North Carolina is $52,752. Males in North Carolina have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,208. The income inequality in North Carolina (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,752

2017 value

± $510

4.29%

1 Year Growth

± 1.08%

Households in North Carolina have a median annual income of $52,752, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,584 in 2016, which represents a 4.29% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in North Carolina compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$62,048

Average Male Salary

± $1,147

$46,208

Average Female Salary

± $809

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,340 ± $4,747

  2. White

    $51,739 ± $820

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $47,717 ± $31,159

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.293% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in North Carolina was Union County, NC with a value of $77,691, followed by Wake County, NC and Orange County, NC, with respective values of $77,318 and $69,940.

The following map shows all of the counties in North Carolina colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in North Carolina (1.58M out of 9.78M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    845,573 ± 7,095

  2. Black

    517,071 ± 5,372

  3. Hispanic

    268,985 ± 3,978

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in North Carolina is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.62M

2017 Value

3.05%

1 Year growth

± 3.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in North Carolina grew at a rate of 3.05%, from 4.49M employees to 4.62M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in North Carolina, are Miscellaneous managers (131,226 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (124,508 people), and Cashiers (118,060 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of North Carolina.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of North Carolina, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous managers (131,226 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (124,508 people), and Cashiers (118,060 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, North Carolina has an unusually high number of residents working as Textile knitting & weaving machine setters, operators, & tenders (11.5 times higher than expected), Textile winding, twisting, & drawing out machine setters, operators, & tenders (10.4 times), and Avionics technicians (6.17 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of North Carolina, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($227,452), Dentists ($185,227), and Chief executives & legislators ($169,188).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.62M

2017 Value

3.05%

1 Year growth

± 3.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in North Carolina grew at a rate of 3.05%, from 4.49M employees to 4.62M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in North Carolina, are Restaurants & Food Services (328,113 people), Construction (270,863 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (267,064 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of North Carolina, though some of these residents may live in North Carolina and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in North Carolina, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (328,113 people), Construction (270,863 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (267,064 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, North Carolina has an unusually high number of Knitting fabric mills, & apparel knitting mills (15.5 times higher than expected), Fiber, yarn, & thread mills (14.9 times), and Tobacco manufacturing (13.8 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in North Carolina, by average salary, are Software publishing ($121,624), Agricultural chemical manufacturing ($121,036), and Offices of chiropractors ($110,049).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound false product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $35.3B and Machinery and $34.5B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound false products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound false trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound false trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound false domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that false shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.3% of the population of North Carolina has health coverage, with 44.7% on employee plans, 15.8% on Medicaid, 11.9% on Medicare, 14% on non-group plans, and 2.98% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of North Carolina was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see 1417 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1410 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1829 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 464 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1417 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see an average of 1417 patients per year. This represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1410 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Carolina in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.7%

Uninsured

44.7%

Employer Coverage

15.8%

Medicaid

11.9%

Medicare

14%

Non-Group

2.98%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in North Carolina grew by 2.46% from 10.4% to 10.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in North Carolina changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

North Carolina is home to a population of 10.3M people, from which 95% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.67% of North Carolina residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of North Carolina is composed of 6.47M White Alone residents (63%), 2.18M Black or African American Alone residents (21.2%), 962k Hispanic or Latino residents (9.37%), 293k Asian Alone residents (2.85%), 227k Two or More Races residents (2.21%), 111k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.08%), 24k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.233%), and 7.25k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0706%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in North Carolina are Spanish or Spanish Creole (714,126 speakers), Other Asian Languages (39,247 speakers), and Chinese (34,546 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in North Carolina was 38.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in North Carolina are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all North Carolina residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.67%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

7.57%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 7.67% of North Carolina residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in North Carolina was 7.57%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in North Carolina compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,569 ± 11,827 people

  2. India

    71,743 ± 6,553 people

  3. Honduras

    36,265 ± 4,667 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 237,569 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 71,743 and Honduras with 36,265.

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Citizenship

95%

2017 Citizenship

95.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95% of North Carolina residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in North Carolina was 95.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in North Carolina compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    6.47M ± 2.94k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    2.18M ± 10.8k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    962k ± 24.7k

In 2017, there were 2.98 times more White Alone residents (6.47M people) in North Carolina than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.18M Black or African American Alone and 962k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in North Carolina as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    714,126 speakers (7.56%)

  2. Other Asian Languages

    39,247 speakers (0.416%)

  3. Chinese

    34,546 speakers (0.366%)

11.5% of North Carolina citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in North Carolina was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 7.56% of the overall population of North Carolina are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.416% speak Other Asian Languages and 0.366% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    209,719 ± 6,791

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    139,069 ± 7,799

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    107,732 ± 5,160

North Carolina has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.51 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in North Carolina awarded 142,608 degrees. The student population of North Carolina is skewed towards women, with 236,298 male students and 331,695 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in North Carolina are White (86,877 and 63.4%), followed by Black or African American (26,932 and 19.7%), Hispanic or Latino (8,148 and 5.95%), and Unknown (6,004 and 4.38%).

The largest universities in North Carolina by number of degrees awarded are University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (9,252 and 6.49%), North Carolina State University at Raleigh (8,924 and 6.26%), and University of North Carolina at Charlotte (7,129 and 5%).

The most popular majors in North Carolina are Liberal Arts & Sciences (12,371 and 8.67%), General Business Administration & Management (11,397 and 7.99%), and Registered Nursing (5,513 and 3.87%).

The median tuition costs in North Carolina are $26,775 for private four year colleges, and $3,967 and $17,617 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 4,758 degrees awarded

  2. 3,578 degrees awarded

  3. 3,037 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in North Carolina was General Business Administration & Management with 4,758 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in North Carolina according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,252 degrees awarded

  2. 8,924 degrees awarded

  3. 7,129 degrees awarded

$3,967

Median In-State Public

$26,775

Median Private

In 2016, the North Carolina institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with 9,252 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

60,669

Degrees Awarded to Men

81,939

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 60,669 men were awarded degrees from institutions in North Carolina, which is 0.74 times less than the 81,939 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in North Carolina by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    86,877 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    26,932 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    8,148 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in North Carolina were to White students. These 86,877 degrees mean that there were 3.23 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 26,932 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in North Carolina was $171,200 in 2017, which is 0.787 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $165,400 to $171,200, a 3.51% increase. The homeownership rate in North Carolina is 65.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in North Carolina have an average commute time of 23.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in North Carolina is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,752

Median Household Income

± $510

3.96M

Number of Households

± 32,839

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.96M households in North Carolina grew to $52,752 from the previous year's value of $50,584.

The following chart displays the households in North Carolina distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$171,200

2017 Median

± $1,016

$165,400

2016 Median

± $1,041

In 2017, the median property value in North Carolina grew to to $171,200 from the previous year's value of $165,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in North Carolina compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North Carolina the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in North Carolina distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North Carolina the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.4%

2017 Homeownership

64.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.4% of the housing units in North Carolina were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in North Carolina compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in North Carolina distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in North Carolina have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in North Carolina have a shorter commute time (23.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.09% of the workforce in North Carolina have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in North Carolina compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.1%

  2. Carpooled

    8.85%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.1%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in North Carolina was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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