Mercer County, WV

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Population

60,963

0.834% decline

Median Age

42.7


Median Household Income

$37,763

1.36% growth

Poverty Rate

21.4%


Number of Employees

22,634

3.32% decline

Median Property Value

$89,400

2.29% growth

About

In 2017, Mercer County, WV had a population of 61k people with a median age of 42.7 and a median household income of $37,763. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Mercer County, WV declined from 61,476 to 60,963, a -0.834% decrease and its median household income grew from $37,255 to $37,763, a 1.36% increase.

The population of Mercer County, WV is 90.4% White Alone, 6.05% Black or African American Alone, and 1.51% Two or More Races. 2.83% of the people in Mercer County, WV speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mercer County, WV are Concord University (570 degrees awarded in 2016), Bluefield State College (339 degrees), and Mercer County Technical Education Center (151 degrees).

The median property value in Mercer County, WV is $89,400, and the homeownership rate is 71.8%. Most people in Mercer County, WV commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Mercer County, WV is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Autumn sunrise scenery from the Bear Rocks area of the Dolly Sods Wilderness near Davis, West Virginia (USA). HDR composite from multiple exposures.

Economy

The economy of Mercer County, WV employs 22.6k people. The largest industries in Mercer County, WV are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,720 people), Retail Trade (3,471 people), and Educational Services (2,386 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($74,858), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($73,366), and Transportation & Warehousing ($51,558).

Median household income in Mercer County, WV is $37,763. Males in Mercer County, WV have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,552. The income inequality in Mercer County, WV (measured using the Gini index) is 0.444, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,763

2017 value

± $2,087

1.36%

1 Year Growth

± 7.46%

Households in Mercer County, WV have a median annual income of $37,763, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,255 in 2016, which represents a 1.36% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Mercer County, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

$55,526

Average Male Salary

± $2,063

$39,552

Average Female Salary

± $1,541

In 2017, full-time male employees in Mercer County, WV made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Mercer County, WV by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,277 ± $23,510

  2. American Indian

    $44,513 ± $30,224

  3. White

    $42,144 ± $1,238

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Mercer County, WV workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.42 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Mercer County, WV by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mercer County, WV is from West Virginia.

0.444

2017 Wage GINI

0.444

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in West Virginia was 0.444 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.108% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for West Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in West Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in West Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 15

  2. Census Tract 22

  3. Census Tract 11

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mercer County, WV was Census Tract 15 with a value of $49,837, followed by Census Tract 22 and Census Tract 11, with respective values of $48,589 and $46,141.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Mercer County, WV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mercer County, WV (12.8k out of 59.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    11,021 ± 741

  2. Black

    1,229 ± 213

  3. Two Or More

    509 ± 182

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mercer County, WV is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

22.6k

2017 Value

± 1,100

-3.32%

1 Year decline

± 7.07%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mercer County, WV declined at a rate of -3.32%, from 23.4k employees to 22.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mercer County, WV, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,409 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,684 people), and Management Occupations (1,364 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mercer County, WV.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Mercer County, WV, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,409 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,684 people), and Management Occupations (1,364 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mercer County, WV has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (1.72 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.56 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.53 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Mercer County, WV, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($86,500), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($58,068), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($54,356).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

22.6k

2017 Value

± 1,100

-3.32%

1 Year decline

± 7.07%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mercer County, WV declined at a rate of -3.32%, from 23.4k employees to 22.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mercer County, WV, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,720 people), Retail Trade (3,471 people), and Educational Services (2,386 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mercer County, WV, though some of these residents may live in Mercer County, WV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Mercer County, WV, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,720 people), Retail Trade (3,471 people), and Educational Services (2,386 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mercer County, WV has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.91 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.51 times), and Retail Trade (1.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Mercer County, WV, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($74,858), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($73,366), and Transportation & Warehousing ($51,558).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $17.4B

  2. $7.3B

  3. $6.62B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $17.4B, followed by Coal with $7.3B and Pharmaceuticals and $6.62B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound West Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for West Virginia state.

$68B

2015 Value

$86.9B

Projected 2045 Value

27.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound West Virginia trade was $68B. This is expected to increase 27.7% to $86.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound West Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $10.5B

  2. $6.95B

  3. $6.94B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Pennsylvania with $10.5B, followed by Ohio with $6.95B and Virginia and $6.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that West Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.8% of the population of Mercer County, WV has health coverage, with 36% on employee plans, 27.9% on Medicaid, 15.2% on Medicare, 11.2% on non-group plans, and 2.53% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Mercer County, WV was $9,462 in 2014. This is a 5.5% increase from the previous year ($8,969).

Primary care physicians in Mercer County, WV see 1529 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.04% decrease from the previous year (1545 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2419 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 889 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.7%). Additionally, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,529 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Mercer County, WV see an average of 1,529 patients per year. This represents a 1.04% decrease from the previous year (1,545 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mercer County, WV in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

$9,462

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,917

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,557

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,268

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in West Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.5%, from $8,969 to $9,462.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.18%

Uninsured

36%

Employer Coverage

27.9%

Medicaid

15.2%

Medicare

11.2%

Non-Group

2.53%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mercer County, WV declined by 19.4% from 8.91% to 7.18%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mercer County, WV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 19.7% prevalence

  2. 19.1% prevalence

  3. 18.2% prevalence

McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia, at 19.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Mercer County, WV is home to a population of 61k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.16% of Mercer County, WV residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Mercer County, WV is composed of 55.1k White Alone residents (90.4%), 3.69k Black or African American Alone residents (6.05%), 918 Two or More Races residents (1.51%), 645 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.06%), 391 Asian Alone residents (0.641%), 179 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.294%), 19 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0312%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Mercer County, WV are Spanish or Spanish Creole (774 speakers), French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (304 speakers), and Tagalog (146 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

55

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Mercer County, WV was 42.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 55. But people in Mercer County, WV are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Mercer County, WV residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.16%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.07%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.16% of Mercer County, WV residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mercer County, WV was 1.07%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mercer County, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,603 ± 1,252 people

  2. India

    2,547 ± 1,238 people

  3. China

    2,428 ± 1,209 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mercer County, WV was Mexico, the natal country of 2,603 Mercer County, WV residents, followed by India with 2,547 and China with 2,428.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of Mercer County, WV residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Mercer County, WV was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mercer County, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    55.1k ± 37

  2. Black or African American Alone

    3.69k ± 176

  3. Two or More Races

    918 ± 196

In 2017, there were 14.9 times more White Alone residents (55.1k people) in Mercer County, WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.69k Black or African American Alone and 918 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Mercer County, WV as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    774 speakers (1.33%)

  2. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    304 speakers (0.524%)

  3. Tagalog

    146 speakers (0.252%)

2.83% of Mercer County, WV citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Mercer County, WV was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.33% of the overall population of Mercer County, WV are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.524% speak French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) and 0.252% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,048 ± 264

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    491 ± 158

  3. Korea

    393 ± 133

Mercer County, WV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Mercer County, WV awarded 1,145 degrees. The student population of Mercer County, WV is skewed towards women, with 1,543 male students and 2,568 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mercer County, WV are White (1,000 and 89.6%), followed by Black or African American (81 and 7.26%), Hispanic or Latino (14 and 1.25%), and Asian (10 and 0.896%).

The largest universities in Mercer County, WV by number of degrees awarded are Concord University (570 and 49.8%), Bluefield State College (339 and 29.6%), and Mercer County Technical Education Center (151 and 13.2%).

The most popular majors in Mercer County, WV are General Studies (116 and 10.1%), Registered Nursing (115 and 10%), and General Business Administration & Management (74 and 6.46%).

The median tuition costs in Mercer County, WV are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,744 and $14,220 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 55 degrees awarded

  2. 116 degrees awarded

  3. 74 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Mercer County, WV was Elementary Education & Teaching with 55 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Mercer County, WV according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 570 degrees awarded

  2. 339 degrees awarded

  3. 151 degrees awarded

$6,744

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Mercer County, WV institution with the largest number of graduating students was Concord University with 570 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

414

Degrees Awarded to Men

731

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 414 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mercer County, WV, which is 0.566 times less than the 731 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Mercer County, WV by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,000 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    81 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    14 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Mercer County, WV were to White students. These 1,000 degrees mean that there were 12.3 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 81 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mercer County, WV was $89,400 in 2017, which is 0.411 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $87,400 to $89,400, a 2.29% increase. The homeownership rate in Mercer County, WV is 71.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Mercer County, WV have an average commute time of 21.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Mercer County, WV is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,763

Median Household Income

± $2,087

25k

Number of Households

± 1,058

In 2017, the median household income of the 25k households in Mercer County, WV grew to $37,763 from the previous year's value of $37,255.

The following chart displays the households in Mercer County, WV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$89,400

2017 Median

± $5,189

$87,400

2016 Median

± $3,198

In 2017, the median property value in Mercer County, WV grew to to $89,400 from the previous year's value of $87,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Mercer County, WV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mercer County, WV the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Mercer County, WV distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mercer County, WV the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

71.8%

2017 Homeownership

72.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 71.8% of the housing units in Mercer County, WV were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 72.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Mercer County, WV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mercer County, WV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mercer County, WV have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mercer County, WV have a shorter commute time (21.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.99% of the workforce in Mercer County, WV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mercer County, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.5%

  2. Carpooled

    10.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.16%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Mercer County, WV was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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