Giles County, VA

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Population

16,867

0.0237% decline

Median Age

44.4


Median Household Income

$49,734

4.32% growth

Poverty Rate

11.3%


Number of Employees

7,545

0.239% growth

Median Property Value

$114,500

8.74% growth

About

In 2017, Giles County, VA had a population of 16.9k people with a median age of 44.4 and a median household income of $49,734. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Giles County, VA declined from 16,871 to 16,867, a -0.0237% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,675 to $49,734, a 4.32% increase.

The population of Giles County, VA is 95.1% White Alone, 2.38% Black or African American Alone, and 1.61% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Giles County, VA speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Giles County, VA is $114,500, and the homeownership rate is 74.8%. Most people in Giles County, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Giles County, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

Economy

The economy of Giles County, VA employs 7.55k people. The largest industries in Giles County, VA are Manufacturing (1,617 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,129 people), and Educational Services (947 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($92,941), Utilities ($65,493), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,094).

Median household income in Giles County, VA is $49,734. Males in Giles County, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Giles County, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,734

2017 value

± $2,997

4.32%

1 Year Growth

± 7.5%

Households in Giles County, VA have a median annual income of $49,734, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,675 in 2016, which represents a 4.32% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Giles County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Giles County, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9301

  2. Census Tract 9304

  3. Census Tract 9303

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Giles County, VA was Census Tract 9301 with a value of $56,250, followed by Census Tract 9304 and Census Tract 9303, with respective values of $52,181 and $50,432.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Giles County, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Giles County, VA (1.87k out of 16.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 35 - 44, followed by Males 45 - 54 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,761 ± 249

  2. Hispanic

    141 ± 110

  3. Two Or More

    57 ± 115

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Giles County, VA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.55k

2017 Value

± 537

0.239%

1 Year growth

± 10.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Giles County, VA grew at a rate of 0.239%, from 7.53k employees to 7.55k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Giles County, VA, are Production Occupations (1,301 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (932 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (641 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Giles County, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Giles County, VA, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (1,301 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (932 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (641 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Giles County, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.97 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.5 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (2.02 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Giles County, VA, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($58,490), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($55,758), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($55,179).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.55k

2017 Value

± 537

0.239%

1 Year growth

± 10.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Giles County, VA grew at a rate of 0.239%, from 7.53k employees to 7.55k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Giles County, VA, are Manufacturing (1,617 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,129 people), and Educational Services (947 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Giles County, VA, though some of these residents may live in Giles County, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Giles County, VA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,617 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,129 people), and Educational Services (947 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Giles County, VA has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.12 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.41 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Giles County, VA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($92,941), Utilities ($65,493), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,094).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $29.9B

  2. $27.8B

  3. $26B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $29.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($27.8B) and Electronics ($26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$277B

2020 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

34.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Virginia trade was $277B. This is expected to increase 34.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $14B

  3. $12.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $25.5B, followed by North Carolina with $14B and Pennsylvania and $12.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.4% of the population of Giles County, VA has health coverage, with 49.2% on employee plans, 10.1% on Medicaid, 17.6% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.24% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Giles County, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Giles County, VA see 1856 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.642% decrease from the previous year (1868 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3371 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 8428 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,856 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Giles County, VA see an average of 1,856 patients per year. This represents a 0.642% decrease from the previous year (1,868 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Giles County, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.6%

Uninsured

49.2%

Employer Coverage

10.1%

Medicaid

17.6%

Medicare

11.3%

Non-Group

1.24%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Giles County, VA declined by 21.9% from 13.6% to 10.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Giles County, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Giles County, VA is home to a population of 16.9k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.23% of Giles County, VA residents were born outside of the country (208 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Giles County, VA is composed of 16k White Alone residents (95.1%), 402 Black or African American Alone residents (2.38%), 271 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.61%), 80 Two or More Races residents (0.474%), 34 Asian Alone residents (0.202%), 32 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.19%), 9 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0534%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

56

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Giles County, VA was 44.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 56. But people in Giles County, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Giles County, VA residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.23%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

208 people

0.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

135 people

As of 2017, 1.23% of Giles County, VA residents (208 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Giles County, VA was 0.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Giles County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of Giles County, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Giles County, VA was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Giles County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    16k ± 19

  2. Black or African American Alone

    402 ± 120

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    271 ± 44.8

In 2017, there were 39.9 times more White Alone residents (16k people) in Giles County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 402 Black or African American Alone and 271 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Giles County, VA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    392 ± 96

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    152 ± 86

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    97 ± 47

Giles County, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.58 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Giles County, VA was $114,500 in 2017, which is 0.498 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $105,300 to $114,500, a 8.74% increase. The homeownership rate in Giles County, VA is 74.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Giles County, VA have an average commute time of 24.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Giles County, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$114,500

2017 Median

± $5,706

$105,300

2016 Median

± $6,594

In 2017, the median property value in Giles County, VA grew to to $114,500 from the previous year's value of $105,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Giles County, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Giles County, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,734

Median Household Income

± $2,997

7.09k

Number of Households

± 487

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.09k households in Giles County, VA grew to $49,734 from the previous year's value of $47,675.

The following chart displays the households in Giles County, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $50k - $60k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Giles County, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Giles County, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.8%

2017 Homeownership

75%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.8% of the housing units in Giles County, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Giles County, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Giles County, VA have a shorter commute time (24.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.25% of the workforce in Giles County, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Giles County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.4%

  2. Carpooled

    12.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    1.8%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Giles County, VA was Drove Alone (83.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.2%) and those who Worked At Home (1.8%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Giles County, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Giles County, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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