Maine

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Population

1.34M

0.333% growth

Median Age

44.6


Median Household Income

$56,277

6.02% growth

Poverty Rate

12.9%


Number of Employees

614,325

0.548% growth

Median Property Value

$191,200

3.52% growth

About

In 2017, Maine had a population of 1.34M people with a median age of 44.6 and a median household income of $56,277. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Maine grew from 1.33M to 1.34M, a 0.333% increase and its median household income grew from $53,079 to $56,277, a 6.02% increase.

The population of Maine is 93.4% White Alone, 2% Two or More Races, and 1.64% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Maine speak a non-English language, and 98.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Maine are University of Maine (2,236 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Southern Maine (1,939 degrees), and University of New England (1,771 degrees).

The median property value in Maine is $191,200, and the homeownership rate is 73.2%. Most people in Maine commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Maine is 2 cars per household.

Maine borders New Hampshire.

Economy

The economy of Maine employs 614k people. The largest industries in Maine are Elementary & secondary schools (42,379 people), Hospitals (40,030 people), and Construction (36,315 people), and the highest paying industries are Data processing, hosting & related services ($125,191), Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($109,357), and Nondepository credit & related activities ($92,065).

Median household income in Maine is $56,277. Males in Maine have an average income that is 1.22 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,283. The income inequality in Maine (measured using the Gini index) is 0.434, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,277

2017 value

± $1,168

6.02%

1 Year Growth

± 3.14%

Households in Maine have a median annual income of $56,277, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,079 in 2016, which represents a 6.02% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Maine compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$57,762

Average Male Salary

± $2,540

$47,283

Average Female Salary

± $2,164

In 2017, full-time male employees in Maine made 1.22 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $51,964 ± $22,869

  2. White

    $44,846 ± $1,481

  3. Two or More Races

    $39,242 ± $12,503

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maine workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.434

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Maine was 0.434 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.51% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Maine was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maine in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maine across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Maine was Cumberland County, ME with a value of $71,975, followed by York County, ME and Kennebec County, ME, with respective values of $66,391 and $53,073.

The following map shows all of the counties in Maine colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Maine (167k out of 1.29M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    148,659 ± 2,595

  2. Two Or More

    6,706 ± 524

  3. Black

    6,622 ± 545

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Maine is White, followed by Two Or More and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

614k

2017 Value

0.548%

1 Year growth

± 0.548%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Maine grew at a rate of 0.548%, from 611k employees to 614k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Maine, are Elementary & middle school teachers (19,612 people), Retail salespersons (15,380 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (15,109 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Maine.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Maine, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (19,612 people), Retail salespersons (15,380 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (15,109 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Maine has an unusually high number of residents working as Fishing & hunting workers (21.3 times higher than expected), Logging workers (8.13 times), and Fire inspectors (7.94 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Maine, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($264,894), Dentists ($234,288), and Architectural & engineering managers ($192,552).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

614k

2017 Value

0.548%

1 Year growth

± 0.548%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Maine grew at a rate of 0.548%, from 611k employees to 614k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Maine, are Elementary & secondary schools (42,379 people), Hospitals (40,030 people), and Construction (36,315 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Maine, though some of these residents may live in Maine and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Maine, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (42,379 people), Hospitals (40,030 people), and Construction (36,315 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Maine has an unusually high number of Ship & boat building (14.9 times higher than expected), Fishing, hunting & trapping (14.5 times), and Mail-order houses (7.77 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Maine, by average salary, are Data processing, hosting & related services ($125,191), Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($109,357), and Nondepository credit & related activities ($92,065).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $7.7B

  2. $3.41B

  3. $3.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $7.7B, followed by Fuel oils ($3.41B) and Gasoline ($3.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maine products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$41.8B

2015 Value

$56.8B

Projected 2045 Value

36.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Maine trade was $41.8B. This is expected to increase 36.1% to $56.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maine trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $3.48B

  2. $3.07B

  3. $2.42B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Massachusetts with $3.48B, followed by New Hampshire with $3.07B and New York and $2.42B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maine shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.9% of the population of Maine has health coverage, with 47.2% on employee plans, 14.2% on Medicaid, 13.7% on Medicare, 14.4% on non-group plans, and 2.44% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Maine was $9,531 in 2014. This is a 4.36% increase from the previous year ($9,133).

Primary care physicians in Maine see 899 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.663% decrease from the previous year (905 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1671 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 227 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.6%). Additionally, Aroostook County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

899 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Maine see an average of 899 patients per year. This represents a 0.663% decrease from the previous year (905 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maine in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$9,531

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,015

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,504

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,325

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maine (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.36%, from $9,133 to $9,531.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.1%

Uninsured

47.2%

Employer Coverage

14.2%

Medicaid

13.7%

Medicare

14.4%

Non-Group

2.44%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Maine grew by 0.688% from 8.05% to 8.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Maine changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.6% prevalence

  2. 12.3% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maine, at 12.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maine by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Maine is home to a population of 1.34M people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.57% of Maine residents were born outside of the country (47.6k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Maine is composed of 1.25M White Alone residents (93.4%), 26.7k Two or More Races residents (2%), 21.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.64%), 15.8k Black or African American Alone residents (1.18%), 15.1k Asian Alone residents (1.13%), 8.23k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.616%), 833 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0624%), and 228 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0171%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Maine are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Maine was 44.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Maine are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Maine residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.57%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

47.6k people

3.58%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

47.7k people

As of 2017, 3.57% of Maine residents (47.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Maine was 3.58%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Maine compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    7,530 ± 2,124 people

  2. China

    3,779 ± 1,507 people

  3. Germany

    3,641 ± 1,479 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maine was Canada, the natal country of 7,530 Maine residents, followed by China with 3,779 and Germany with 3,641.

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Citizenship

98.6%

2017 Citizenship

98.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.6% of Maine residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Maine was 98.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Maine compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    1.25M ± 798

  2. Two or More Races

    26.7k ± 2.34k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    21.9k ± 2.12k

In 2017, there were 46.7 times more White Alone residents (1.25M people) in Maine than any other race or ethnicity. There were 26.7k Two or More Races and 21.9k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Maine as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Maine citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Maine was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Maine are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    36,114 ± 2,057

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    15,152 ± 2,034

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    14,383 ± 2,200

Maine has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.38 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Maine awarded 16,087 degrees. The student population of Maine is skewed towards women, with 29,635 male students and 43,526 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Maine are White (12,993 and 82.8%), followed by Unknown (1,109 and 7.07%), Black or African American (409 and 2.61%), and Asian (362 and 2.31%).

The largest universities in Maine by number of degrees awarded are University of Maine (2,236 and 13.9%), University of Southern Maine (1,939 and 12.1%), and University of New England (1,771 and 11%).

The most popular majors in Maine are General Business Administration & Management (940 and 5.84%), Registered Nursing (759 and 4.72%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (592 and 3.68%).

The median tuition costs in Maine are $33,990 for private four year colleges, and $6,630 and $17,365 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 527 degrees awarded

  2. 417 degrees awarded

  3. 395 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Maine was Registered Nursing with 527 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Maine according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,236 degrees awarded

  2. 1,939 degrees awarded

  3. 1,771 degrees awarded

$6,630

Median In-State Public

$33,990

Median Private

In 2016, the Maine institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Maine with 2,236 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,242

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,845

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 6,242 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Maine, which is 0.634 times less than the 9,845 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Maine by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    12,993 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    1,109 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    409 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Maine were to White students. These 12,993 degrees mean that there were 11.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 1,109 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Maine was $191,200 in 2017, which is 0.879 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $184,700 to $191,200, a 3.52% increase. The homeownership rate in Maine is 73.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Maine have an average commute time of 22.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Maine is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,277

Median Household Income

± $1,168

541k

Number of Households

± 10,775

In 2017, the median household income of the 541k households in Maine grew to $56,277 from the previous year's value of $53,079.

The following chart displays the households in Maine distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$191,200

2017 Median

± $3,252

$184,700

2016 Median

± $3,005

In 2017, the median property value in Maine grew to to $191,200 from the previous year's value of $184,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Maine compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Maine the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Maine distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Maine the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

73.2%

2017 Homeownership

71.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.2% of the housing units in Maine were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Maine compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Maine distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Maine have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Maine have a shorter commute time (22.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.93% of the workforce in Maine have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Maine compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.37%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.92%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Maine was Drove Alone (78.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.37%) and those who Worked At Home (5.92%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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