Maine

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Population

1.34M

0.187% growth

Median Age

45.1


Median Household Income

$55,602

1.2% decline

Poverty Rate

12.9%


Number of Employees

634,122

3.22% growth

Median Property Value

$197,500

3.29% growth

About

In 2018, Maine had a population of 1.34M people with a median age of 45.1 and a median household income of $55,602. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Maine grew from 1.34M to 1.34M, a 0.187% increase and its median household income declined from $56,277 to $55,602, a -1.2% decrease.

The population of Maine is 93% White Alone, 2.06% Two or More Races, and 1.67% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Maine speak a non-English language, and 98.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Maine are University of Maine (2,304 degrees awarded in 2017), University of New England (1,872 degrees), and University of Southern Maine (1,757 degrees).

The median property value in Maine is $197,500, and the homeownership rate is 71.2%. Most people in Maine commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Maine is 2 cars per household.

Maine borders New Hampshire.

Economy

The economy of Maine employs 634k people. The largest industries in Maine are Elementary & secondary schools (43,696 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (40,251 people), and Construction (36,820 people), and the highest paying industries are Motor vehicle & motor vehicle parts & supplies merchant wholesalers ($106,535), Shoe stores ($101,755), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($97,875).

Median household income in Maine is $55,602. Males in Maine have an average income that is 1.21 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,138. The income inequality in Maine (measured using the Gini index) is 0.428, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,602

2018 value

± $1,326

-1.2%

1 Year Growth

± 3.2%

Households in Maine have a median annual income of $55,602, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,277 in 2017, which represents a -1.2% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Maine compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$59,294

Average Male Salary

± $2,534

$49,138

Average Female Salary

± $1,894

In 2018, full-time male employees in Maine made 1.21 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $72,937 ± $17,542

  2. White

    $46,924 ± $1,459

  3. Other

    $41,317 ± $21,301

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maine workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.55 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.428

2018 Wage GINI

0.434

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Maine was 0.428 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.29% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Maine was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maine in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maine across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Maine was Cumberland County, ME with a value of $72,452, followed by York County, ME and Kennebec County, ME, with respective values of $66,614 and $51,653.

The following map shows all of the counties in Maine colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Maine (167k out of 1.29M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    148,659 ± 2,595

  2. Two Or More

    6,706 ± 524

  3. Black

    6,622 ± 545

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Maine is White, followed by Two Or More and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

634k

2018 Value

3.22%

1 Year growth

± 3.22%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Maine grew at a rate of 3.22%, from 614k employees to 634k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Maine, are Elementary & middle school teachers (19,699 people), Registered nurses (15,035 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (14,339 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Maine.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Maine, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (19,699 people), Registered nurses (15,035 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (14,339 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Maine has an unusually high number of residents working as Marine engineers & naval architects (16.5 times higher than expected), Fishing and hunting workers (11.6 times), and Logging workers (6.79 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Maine, by average salary, are Physicians ($266,379), Architects, except landscape and naval ($184,905), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($142,719).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

634k

2018 Value

3.22%

1 Year growth

± 3.22%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Maine grew at a rate of 3.22%, from 614k employees to 634k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Maine, are Elementary & secondary schools (43,696 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (40,251 people), and Construction (36,820 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Maine, though some of these residents may live in Maine and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Maine, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (43,696 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (40,251 people), and Construction (36,820 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Maine has an unusually high number of Ship & boat building (12.6 times higher than expected), Logging (9.94 times), and Fishing, hunting & trapping (9.26 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Maine, by average salary, are Motor vehicle & motor vehicle parts & supplies merchant wholesalers ($106,535), Shoe stores ($101,755), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($97,875).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $8.58B

  2. $3.57B

  3. $3.34B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $8.58B, followed by Fuel oils ($3.57B) and Machinery ($3.34B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maine products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$45.4B

2020 Value

$56.8B

Projected 2045 Value

25.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Maine trade was $45.4B. This is expected to increase 25.2% to $56.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maine trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $3.76B

  2. $3.36B

  3. $2.86B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Massachusetts with $3.76B, followed by New Hampshire with $3.36B and New York and $2.86B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maine shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.9% of the population of Maine has health coverage, with 47.2% on employee plans, 14.2% on Medicaid, 13.7% on Medicare, 14.4% on non-group plans, and 2.44% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Maine was $9,531 in 2014. This is a 4.36% increase from the previous year ($9,133).

Primary care physicians in Maine see 899 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.663% decrease from the previous year (905 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1671 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 227 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.6%). Additionally, Aroostook County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

899 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Maine see an average of 899 patients per year. This represents a 0.663% decrease from the previous year (905 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maine in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$9,531

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,015

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,504

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,325

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maine (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.36%, from $9,133 to $9,531.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.1%

Uninsured

47.2%

Employer Coverage

14.2%

Medicaid

13.7%

Medicare

14.4%

Non-Group

2.44%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Maine grew by 0.688% from 8.05% to 8.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Maine changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.6% prevalence

  2. 12.3% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maine, at 12.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maine by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Maine is home to a population of 1.34M people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.57% of Maine residents were born outside of the country (47.6k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Maine is composed of 1.25M White Alone residents (93%), 27.5k Two or More Races residents (2.06%), 22.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.67%), 18.5k Black or African American Alone residents (1.38%), 15.4k Asian Alone residents (1.15%), 8.2k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.613%), 1.32k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0983%), and 89 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00665%).

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Maine was 45.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Maine are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Maine residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.57%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

47.6k people

3.58%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

47.7k people

As of 2017, 3.57% of Maine residents (47.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Maine was 3.58%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Maine compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    8,685 ± 2,281 people

  2. Philippines

    4,401 ± 1,626 people

  3. Germany

    3,363 ± 1,422 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maine was Canada, the natal country of 8,685 Maine residents, followed by Philippines with 4,401 and Germany with 3,363.

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Citizenship

98.3%

2018 Citizenship

98.6%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.3% of Maine residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Maine was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Maine compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    1.25M ± 1.05k

  2. Two or More Races

    27.5k ± 2.51k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    22.4k ± 1.99k

In 2018, there were 45.2 times more White Alone residents (1.25M people) in Maine than any other race or ethnicity. There were 27.5k Two or More Races and 22.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Maine as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    39,135 ± 2,071

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    15,403 ± 2,123

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    13,063 ± 1,663

Maine has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.54 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Maine awarded 15,857 degrees. The student population of Maine is skewed towards women, with 29,359 male students and 43,412 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Maine are White (12,541 and 81.3%), followed by Unknown (1,129 and 7.32%), Black or African American (529 and 3.43%), and Hispanic or Latino (388 and 2.52%).

The largest universities in Maine by number of degrees awarded are University of Maine (2,304 and 14.5%), University of New England (1,872 and 11.8%), and University of Southern Maine (1,757 and 11.1%).

The most popular majors in Maine are General Business Administration & Management (945 and 5.96%), Registered Nursing (804 and 5.07%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (525 and 3.31%).

The median tuition costs in Maine are $34,925 for private four year colleges, and $7,088 and $18,312 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 563 degrees awarded

  2. 437 degrees awarded

  3. 408 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Maine was Registered Nursing with 563 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Maine according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,304 degrees awarded

  2. 1,872 degrees awarded

  3. 1,757 degrees awarded

$7,088

Median In-State Public

$34,925

Median Private

In 2017, the Maine institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Maine with 2,304 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,193

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,664

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 6,193 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Maine, which is 0.641 times less than the 9,664 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Maine by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    12,541 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    1,129 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    529 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Maine were to White students. These 12,541 degrees mean that there were 11.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 1,129 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Maine was $197,500 in 2018, which is 0.86 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $191,200 to $197,500, a 3.29% increase. The homeownership rate in Maine is 71.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Maine have an average commute time of 22.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Maine is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$197,500

2018 Median

± $3,603

$191,200

2017 Median

± $3,252

In 2018, the median property value in Maine grew to to $197,500 from the previous year's value of $191,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Maine compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Maine the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,602

Median Household Income

± $1,326

570k

Number of Households

± 11,335

In 2018, the median household income of the 570k households in Maine declined from $55,602 from the previous year's value of $56,277.

The following chart displays the households in Maine distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Maine distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Maine the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

71.2%

2018 Homeownership

73.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 71.2% of the housing units in Maine were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Maine compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Maine have a shorter commute time (22.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.03% of the workforce in Maine have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Maine compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.8%

  2. Carpooled

    9.88%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.95%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Maine was Drove Alone (77.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.88%) and those who Worked At Home (5.95%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Maine distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Maine have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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