Lowell, MA

Census Place

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2022 Population
114,737
0.0584% 1-year decline
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ed Markey
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
34.6
0.581% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
16.6%
5.19% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$73,008
13.2% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$362,800
16.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
59,027
0.419% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Lowell, MA had a population of 115k people with a median age of 34.6 and a median household income of $73,008. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Lowell, MA declined from 114,804 to 114,737, a −0.0584% decrease and its median household income grew from $64,489 to $73,008, a 13.2% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Lowell, MA are White (Non-Hispanic) (46.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (22.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (8.84%), White (Hispanic) (7.8%), and Other (Hispanic) (5.01%).

None of the households in Lowell, MA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

87% of the residents in Lowell, MA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lowell, MA are University of Massachusetts-Lowell (4,894 degrees awarded in 2022) and Lowell Academy Hairstyling Institute (166498) (23 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Lowell, MA was $362,800, and the homeownership rate was 43.3%.

Most people in Lowell, MA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Lowell, MA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Lowell, MA is home to a population of 115k people, from which 87% are citizens. As of 2022, 28.8% of Lowell, MA residents were born outside of the country (33k people).

In 2022, there were 2.07 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (53.3k people) in Lowell, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 25.8k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 10.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

87%
2022 Citizenship
86.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 87% of Lowell, MA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Lowell, MA was 86.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lowell, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Lowell, MA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    53.3k ± 2.11k
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    25.8k ± 2.07k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    10.1k ± 1.5k
17.8%
Hispanic Population
20.4k people

In 2022, there were 2.07 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (53.3k people) in Lowell, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 25.8k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 10.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

17.8% of the people in Lowell, MA are hispanic (20.4k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Lowell, MA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.
Most Common Origin
  1. China
    102,973 ± 7,820 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    99,956 ± 7,706 people
  3. Brazil
    93,519 ± 7,457 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Massachusetts was China, the natal country of 102,973 Massachusetts residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 99,956 and Brazil with 93,519.

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Foreign-Born Population

28.8%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
33k people
28.2%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
32.4k people

As of 2022, 28.8% of Lowell, MA residents (33k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lowell, MA was 28.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lowell, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,002 ± 242
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    723 ± 225
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    253 ± 108

Lowell, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Lowell, MA employs 59k people. The largest industries in Lowell, MA are Manufacturing (10,119 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (9,955 people), and Retail Trade (5,956 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($79,382), Information ($77,792), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($70,000).

Males in Massachusetts have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $81,902. The income inequality in Massachusetts (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

59k
2022 Value
± 2,141
0.419%
1 Year growth
± 5.12%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Lowell, MA grew at a rate of 0.419%, from 58.8k employees to 59k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lowell, MA, are Production Occupations (6,688 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,443 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (4,567 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lowell, MA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Massachusetts (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

59k
2022 Value
± 2,141
0.419%
1 Year growth
± 5.12%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Lowell, MA grew at a rate of 0.419%, from 58.8k employees to 59k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lowell, MA, are Manufacturing (10,119 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (9,955 people), and Retail Trade (5,956 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lowell, MA, though some of these residents may live in Lowell, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$49,109
Median earning men ± $2,962
$39,522
Median earning women ± $1,823

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($128,472), Public Administration ($86,280), and Information ($69,070).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($83,057), Public Administration ($69,603), and Construction ($56,648).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Y-Axis
2.61%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.67M people employed in Massachusetts. This represents a 2.61% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 17.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Massachusetts.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Massachusetts went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 65.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (31.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.29%).

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing the state of Massachusetts. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Massachusetts

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Elizabeth Warren
Senator from Massachusetts1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ed Markey
Senator from Massachusetts2
Assumed office on July 16, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Mo Cowan, who had been appointed to the seat following the resignation of John Kerry, who had become Secretary of State.

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing Massachusetts.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Massachusetts over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Massachusetts

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Massachusetts have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Lowell, MA awarded 4,917 degrees. The student population of Lowell, MA in 2022 is skewed towards men, with 9,745 male students and 7,473 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lowell, MA are White (2,778 and 60.4%), followed by Asian (538 and 11.7%), Hispanic or Latino (501 and 10.9%), and Unknown (335 and 7.28%).

The largest universities in Lowell, MA by number of degrees awarded are University of Massachusetts-Lowell (4,894 and 99.5%) and Lowell Academy Hairstyling Institute (166498) (23 and 0.468%).

The most popular majors in Lowell, MA are General Business Administration & Management (1,105 and 22.5%), Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration (341 and 6.94%), and General Psychology (240 and 4.88%).

The median tuition cost in Lowell, MA for a public four year colleges is $15,462 for in-state students and $33,830 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Lowell, MA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 86%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 18.4%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 17,218 (56.6% men and 43.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 17,218 students enrolled in Lowell, MA, 56.6% men and 43.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 8,914 records, of which 41.8% were women and 58.2% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lowell, MA was Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration with 207 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lowell, MA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,894 degrees awarded
  2. 23 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Massachusetts-Lowell with 4,894 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 2,751 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lowell, MA, which is 1.27 times more than the 2,166 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 2,778 degrees mean that there were 5.16 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 538 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($15,462) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($720) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Measure

In 2022, 1.17% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.24% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Bachelors Degree (1.35M), High School or Equivalent (1.34M), and Graduate Degree (1.03M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lowell, MA was $362,800 in 2022, which is 1.29 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $312,600 to $362,800, a 16.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Lowell, MA is 43.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Lowell, MA have an average commute time of 27.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Lowell, MA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Lowell, MA is $73,008. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Lowell, MA was Census Tract 3125.02 with a value of $111,202, followed by Census Tract 3116 and Census Tract 3125.01, with respective values of $108,768 and $108,711.

Property

$362,800
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,308
$18,352
Median Property Taxes
±$1,037

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lowell, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Lowell, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

43.3%
Homeownership
2022
64.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 43.3% of the housing units in Lowell, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 43.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Lowell, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 3125.02
  2. Census Tract 3116
  3. Census Tract 3125.01

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lowell, MA was Census Tract 3125.02 with a value of $111,202, followed by Census Tract 3116 and Census Tract 3125.01, with respective values of $108,768 and $108,711.

The following map shows all of the places in Lowell, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$73,008
Median Household Income
± $2,737
42.3k
Number of Households
± 1,658

In 2022, the median household income of the 42.3k households in Lowell, MA grew to $73,008 from the previous year's value of $64,489.

The following chart displays the households in Lowell, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lowell, MA is from Massachusetts.
0.48
2022 Wage GINI in Massachusetts
0.48
2021 Wage GINI in Massachusetts

In 2022, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.047% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (73.2%)
  2. Carpooled (9.64%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.73%)

In 2022, 73.2% of workers in Lowell, MA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.64%) and those who worked at home (8.73%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

27.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lowell, MA have a longer commute time (27.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.23% of the workforce in Lowell, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lowell, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lowell, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lowell, MA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lowell, MA (18.3k out of 110k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lowell, MA is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

95.5% of the population of Lowell, MA has health coverage, with 43.4% on employee plans, 32.9% on Medicaid, 6.67% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 0.684% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Middlesex County, MA see 782 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.39% decrease from the previous year (793 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 976 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 157 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Middlesex County, MA.
782 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Middlesex County, MA

Primary care physicians in Middlesex County, MA see an average of 782 patients per year. This represents a 1.39% decrease from the previous year (793 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Middlesex County, MA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23% under 18 years, 28% between 18 and 34 years, 37.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 11.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.49%
Uninsured
43.4%
Employer Coverage
32.9%
Medicaid
6.67%
Medicare
11.9%
Non-Group
0.684%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lowell, MA declined by 3.59% from 4.66% to 4.49%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lowell, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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