Lakota Region PUMA, SD

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Population

103,681

0.00482% decline

Median Age

34.4


Median Household Income

$44,223

2.4% growth

Number of Employees

36,932

0.557% decline

Median Property Value

$89,500

4.07% growth

About

In 2017, Lakota Region PUMA, SD had a population of 104k people with a median age of 34.4 and a median household income of $44,223. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Lakota Region PUMA, SD declined from 103,686 to 103,681, a -0.00482% decrease and its median household income grew from $43,186 to $44,223, a 2.4% increase.

The population of Lakota Region PUMA, SD is 50.6% White Alone, 42.5% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 3.44% Two or More Races. 10.1% of the people in Lakota Region PUMA, SD speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lakota Region PUMA, SD are Oglala Lakota College (131 degrees awarded in 2016) and Sinte Gleska University (79 degrees).

The median property value in Lakota Region PUMA, SD is $89,500, and the homeownership rate is 63.8%. Most people in Lakota Region PUMA, SD commute by N/A, and the average commute time is 13.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Lakota Region PUMA, SD is N/A per household.

About the photo: An old school no longer in operation, at the junction of SD Highways 26 & 45, north of Miller, SD

Economy

The economy of Lakota Region PUMA, SD employs 36.9k people. The largest industries in Lakota Region PUMA, SD are Elementary & secondary schools (4,659 people), Construction (2,065 people), and Animal production & aquaculture (2,026 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of dentists ($101,076), Machinery, equipment, & supplies merchant wholesalers ($88,806), and Offices of physicians ($81,833).

Median household income in Lakota Region PUMA, SD is $44,223. Males in Lakota Region PUMA, SD have an average income that is 1.18 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,356. The income inequality in Lakota Region PUMA, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.418, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,223

2017 value

± $1,020

2.4%

1 Year Growth

± 3.18%

Households in Lakota Region PUMA, SD have a median annual income of $44,223, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,186 in 2016, which represents a 2.4% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lakota Region PUMA, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$45,199

Average Male Salary

± $7,890

$38,356

Average Female Salary

± $8,326

In 2017, full-time male employees in Lakota Region PUMA, SD made 1.18 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Lakota Region PUMA, SD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Black

    $72,209 ± $242,333

  2. White

    $40,578 ± $6,705

  3. Other

    $39,086 ± $51,636

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Lakota Region PUMA, SD workers was Black. These workers were paid 1.78 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Lakota Region PUMA, SD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.418

2017 Wage GINI

0.393

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Lakota Region PUMA, SD was 0.418 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 6.4% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Lakota Region PUMA, SD was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Lakota Region PUMA, SD in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Lakota Region PUMA, SD across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lakota Region PUMA, SD was Southeast South Dakota (Outside Sioux Falls City) PUMA, SD with a value of $66,831, followed by Sioux Falls City PUMA, SD and Northeast South Dakota PUMA, SD, with respective values of $61,832 and $55,585.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Lakota Region PUMA, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lakota Region PUMA, SD (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lakota Region PUMA, SD is false, followed by false and false.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

36.9k

2017 Value

-0.557%

1 Year decline

± -0.557%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lakota Region PUMA, SD declined at a rate of -0.557%, from 37.1k employees to 36.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lakota Region PUMA, SD, are Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (1,857 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,635 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,172 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lakota Region PUMA, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lakota Region PUMA, SD, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (1,857 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,635 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,172 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Lakota Region PUMA, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Gaming managers (13.8 times higher than expected), Farmers, ranchers, & other agricultural managers (13 times), and Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (8.99 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lakota Region PUMA, SD, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($304,647), Medical & health services managers ($89,227), and Firstline supervisors of nonretail sales workers ($85,394).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

36.9k

2017 Value

-0.557%

1 Year decline

± -0.557%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lakota Region PUMA, SD declined at a rate of -0.557%, from 37.1k employees to 36.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lakota Region PUMA, SD, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,659 people), Construction (2,065 people), and Animal production & aquaculture (2,026 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lakota Region PUMA, SD, though some of these residents may live in Lakota Region PUMA, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lakota Region PUMA, SD, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,659 people), Construction (2,065 people), and Animal production & aquaculture (2,026 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Lakota Region PUMA, SD has an unusually high number of Animal production & aquaculture (19.6 times higher than expected), Farm product raw material merchant wholesalers (19.4 times), and Forestry except logging (12.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lakota Region PUMA, SD, by average salary, are Offices of dentists ($101,076), Machinery, equipment, & supplies merchant wholesalers ($88,806), and Offices of physicians ($81,833).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.7B

  2. $4.44B

  3. $4.29B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.7B, followed by Other ag prods. with $4.44B and Live animals/fish and $4.29B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$60.8B

2015 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Dakota trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $7.37B

  2. $2.21B

  3. $1.95B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.37B, followed by Iowa with $2.21B and Nebraska and $1.95B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Lakota Region PUMA, SD has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Lakota Region PUMA, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Lakota Region PUMA, SD see 1293 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1331 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1714 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 610 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

1,293 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in South Dakota see an average of 1,293 patients per year. This represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1,331 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Dakota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lakota Region PUMA, SD N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lakota Region PUMA, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lakota Region PUMA, SD is home to a population of 104k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Lakota Region PUMA, SD residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Lakota Region PUMA, SD is composed of 52.5k White Alone residents (50.6%), 44.1k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (42.5%), 3.56k Two or More Races residents (3.44%), 2.81k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.71%), 429 Asian Alone residents (0.414%), 236 Black or African American Alone residents (0.228%), 81 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0781%), and 2 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.00193%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Lakota Region PUMA, SD are Other Native North American Languages (7,766 speakers), Spanish or Spanish Creole (832 speakers), and German (257 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In 2017, the median age of all people in Lakota Region PUMA, SD was 34.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Lakota Region PUMA, SD are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Lakota Region PUMA, SD residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

0.91%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, N/A% of Lakota Region PUMA, SD residents were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lakota Region PUMA, SD was 0.91%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lakota Region PUMA, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    146 ± 296 people

  2. Thailand

    127 ± 277 people

  3. Vietnam

    104 ± 250 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Lakota Region PUMA, SD was Mexico, the natal country of 146 Lakota Region PUMA, SD residents, followed by Thailand with 127 and Vietnam with 104.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of Lakota Region PUMA, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Lakota Region PUMA, SD was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lakota Region PUMA, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    52.5k ± 134

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    44.1k ± 477

  3. Two or More Races

    3.56k ± 455

In 2017, there were 1.19 times more White Alone residents (52.5k people) in Lakota Region PUMA, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 44.1k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 3.56k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lakota Region PUMA, SD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Other Native North American Languages

    7,766 speakers (8.22%)

  2. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    832 speakers (0.88%)

  3. German

    257 speakers (0.272%)

10.1% of Lakota Region PUMA, SD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Lakota Region PUMA, SD was Other Native North American Languages. 8.22% of the overall population of Lakota Region PUMA, SD are native Other Native North American Languages speakers. 0.88% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole and 0.272% speak Other Native North American Languages, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Lakota Region PUMA, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Lakota Region PUMA, SD awarded 210 degrees. The student population of Lakota Region PUMA, SD is skewed towards women, with 604 male students and 1,265 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lakota Region PUMA, SD are American Indian or Alaska Native (189 and 90%), followed by White (21 and 10%), Asian (0 and 0%), and Black or African American (0 and 0%).

The largest universities in Lakota Region PUMA, SD by number of degrees awarded are Oglala Lakota College (131 and 62.4%) and Sinte Gleska University (79 and 37.6%).

The most popular majors in Lakota Region PUMA, SD are Native American Studies (52 and 24.8%), Early Childhood Education & Teaching (26 and 12.4%), and Elementary Education & Teaching (17 and 8.1%).

The median tuition costs in Lakota Region PUMA, SD are $2,640 for private four year colleges, and $2,016 and $2,016 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 23 degrees awarded

  2. 20 degrees awarded

  3. 12 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Lakota Region PUMA, SD was Native American Studies with 23 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Lakota Region PUMA, SD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 131 degrees awarded

  2. 79 degrees awarded

$2,016

Median In-State Public

$2,640

Median Private

In 2016, the Lakota Region PUMA, SD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Oglala Lakota College with 131 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

50

Degrees Awarded to Men

160

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 50 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lakota Region PUMA, SD, which is 0.313 times less than the 160 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Lakota Region PUMA, SD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. American Indian or Alaska Native

    189 degrees awarded

  2. White

    21 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    0 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lakota Region PUMA, SD were to American Indian or Alaska Native students. These 189 degrees mean that there were 9 times more American Indian or Alaska Native students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 21 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lakota Region PUMA, SD was $89,500 in 2017, which is 0.411 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $86,000 to $89,500, a 4.07% increase. The homeownership rate in Lakota Region PUMA, SD is 63.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lakota Region PUMA, SD have an average commute time of 13.1 minutes, and they commute by N/A. Car ownership in Lakota Region PUMA, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of N/A per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,223

Median Household Income

± $1,020

N/A

Number of Households

± N/A

In 2017, the median household income of the N/A households in Lakota Region PUMA, SD grew to $44,223 from the previous year's value of $43,186.

The following chart displays the households in Lakota Region PUMA, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the N/A range.

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Housing

Property Value

$89,500

2017 Median

± $4,226

$86,000

2016 Median

± $2,774

In 2017, the median property value in Lakota Region PUMA, SD grew to to $89,500 from the previous year's value of $86,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lakota Region PUMA, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lakota Region PUMA, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lakota Region PUMA, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lakota Region PUMA, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.8%

2017 Homeownership

63.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.8% of the housing units in Lakota Region PUMA, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lakota Region PUMA, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

N/A

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lakota Region PUMA, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lakota Region PUMA, SD have N/A, followed by N/A.

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Commute Time

13.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lakota Region PUMA, SD have a shorter commute time (13.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.07% of the workforce in Lakota Region PUMA, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lakota Region PUMA, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

In N/A, the most common method of travel for workers in Lakota Region PUMA, SD was N/A, followed by those who N/A and those who N/A.

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