Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
140,560
3.96% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
34.4
0.865% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
16.3%
8.94% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$72,778
13.6% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$196,700
20.8% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX had a population of 141k people with a median age of 34.4 and a median household income of $72,778. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX grew from 135,205 to 140,560, a 3.96% increase and its median household income grew from $64,066 to $72,778, a 13.6% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (59%), White (Hispanic) (11.6%), Other (Hispanic) (10.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (7.93%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (7.47%).

25.2% of the households in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

92.5% of the residents in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX was $196,700, and the homeownership rate was 81.8%.

Most people in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 35.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX was 2 cars per household.

Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX borders Deep East Texas COG (West) & Walker County PUMA, TX, Orange & Hardin Counties PUMA, TX, Jefferson County (Outside Beaumont City)--Port Arthur City PUMA, TX, Houston-Galveston Area Council--Montgomery County (Northeast), Conroe City (East) PUMA, TX, Houston-Galveston Area Council--Montgomery County (Southeast) PUMA, TX, Houston (Southeast), Pasadena (Southeast), La Porte (South) & Seabrook (East) Cities PUMA, TX, Harris County (East)--Deer Park, La Porte (North) Cities & Channelview PUMA, TX, Harris County (East)--Baytown City PUMA, TX, Harris County (Northeast)--Houston City (Far Northeast) PUMA, TX, Galveston County (Central, South & East)--Galveston, Texas City & La Marque Cities PUMA, TX, and Galveston County (Northwest)--League City & Friendswood City PUMA, TX.

Population & Diversity

Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX is home to a population of 141k people, from which 92.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 10.4% of Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (14.7k people).

In 2022, there were 5.09 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (82.9k people) in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.3k White (Hispanic) and 14.4k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX are Spanish (31,498 households), Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (363 households), and French (Incl. Cajun) (254 households).

Citizenship

92.5%
2022 Citizenship
93.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 92.5% of Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX was 93.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    82.9k ± 284
  2. White (Hispanic)
    16.3k ± 2.35k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    14.4k ± 2.07k
29.6%
Hispanic Population
41.6k people

In 2022, there were 5.09 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (82.9k people) in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.3k White (Hispanic) and 14.4k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

29.6% of the people in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX are hispanic (41.6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

10.4%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
14.7k people
9.55%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
12.9k people

As of 2022, 10.4% of Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX residents (14.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX was 9.55%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    31,498 households (24.1%)
  2. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)
    363 households (0.278%)
  3. French (Incl. Cajun)
    254 households (0.194%)

25.2% of the households in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX was Spanish. 24.1% of the households in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,739 ± 356
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,068 ± 435
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,531 ± 350

Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.32 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX employs 52.1k people. The largest industries in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX are Construction (8,344 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,930 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,818 people), and the highest paying industries are Industrial & miscellaneous chemicals ($127,560), Resin, synthetic rubber, & fibers & filaments manufacturing ($115,788), and Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($113,436).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
19,472
Women
41%
27,974
Men
59%

The workforce of Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX in 2020 was 47,446 people, with 41% woman, and 59% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

52.1k
2022 Value
4.51%
1 Year growth
± 4.51%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 4.51%, from 49.9k employees to 52.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,154 people), Construction laborers (1,610 people), and Miscellaneous production workers, including semiconductor processors (1,238 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

52.1k
2022 Value
4.51%
1 Year growth
± 4.51%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 4.51%, from 49.9k employees to 52.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX, are Construction (8,344 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,930 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,818 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$57,644
Median earning men ± $3,410
$35,082
Median earning women ± $2,418

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Manufacturing ($100,660), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($71,047), and Wholesale Trade ($60,646).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($57,276), Public Administration ($55,865), and Manufacturing ($54,493).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.85% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.71% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (36.7k), Some college (25.7k), and Secondary Education (20.5k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX was $196,700 in 2022, which is 0.698 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $162,800 to $196,700, a 20.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX is 81.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 35.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX is $72,778. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

Property

$196,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$16,167
$36,539
Median Property Taxes
±$1,782

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

81.8%
Homeownership
2022
64.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 81.8% of the housing units in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 82%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$72,778
Median Household Income
± $3,401
44.7k
Number of Households
± 1,996

In 2022, the median household income of the 44.7k households in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX grew to $72,778 from the previous year's value of $64,066.

The following chart displays the households in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.431
2022 Wage GINI in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX
0.437
2021 Wage GINI in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX

In 2022, the income inequality in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX was 0.431 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.55% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (80.1%)
  2. Carpooled (11.6%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.77%)

In 2022, 80.1% of workers in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.6%) and those who worked at home (5.77%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

35.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX have a longer commute time (35.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 6.3% of the workforce in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX (21.8k out of 134k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

78.5% of the population of Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 43.3% on employee plans, 15.4% on Medicaid, 10.6% on Medicare, 7.1% on non-group plans, and 2.08% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1629 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 759 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
1,629 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,629 patients per year. This represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 30.3% under 18 years, 20.8% between 18 and 34 years, 36.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 51.3% were men and 48.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

21.5%
Uninsured
43.3%
Employer Coverage
15.4%
Medicaid
10.6%
Medicare
7.1%
Non-Group
2.08%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX grew by 4.72% from 20.5% to 21.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houston-Galveston Area Council--Liberty & Chambers Counties PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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