Houston County, TX

County

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Population
22,955
0.464% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
Median Age
44

Poverty Rate
24.7%

Median Household Income
$34,297
2.22% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$84,500
5.36% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
8,197
7.26% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Houston County, TX had a population of 23k people with a median age of 44 and a median household income of $34,297. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Houston County, TX grew from 22,849 to 22,955, a 0.464% increase and its median household income grew from $33,552 to $34,297, a 2.22% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Houston County, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (61.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (24.7%), White (Hispanic) (6.73%), Other (Hispanic) (3.38%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.97%). NaNk% of the people in Houston County, TX speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Houston County, TX is $84,500, and the homeownership rate is 68.9%. Most people in Houston County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Houston County, TX is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Houston County, TX went to Donald J. Trump with 74.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (23.7%), followed by Other (2.04%). The most partisan county was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Texas.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Houston County, TX
74.3% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Texas
  1. 94.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 93.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 92% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Texas was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Texas colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Houston County, TX is home to a population of 23k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2018, 3.04% of Houston County, TX residents were born outside of the country (698 people).

In 2018, there were 2.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.2k people) in Houston County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.68k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.55k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Houston County, TX
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    14.2k ± 14
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    5.68k ± 122
  3. White (Hispanic)
    1.55k ± 271
10.9%
Hispanic Population
2.51k people

In 2018, there were 2.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.2k people) in Houston County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.68k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.55k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

10.9% of the people in Houston County, TX are hispanic (2.51k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Houston County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.04%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
698 people
3.66%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
837 people

As of 2018, 3.04% of Houston County, TX residents (698 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houston County, TX was 3.66%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houston County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

44
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.6
47
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 5.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in Houston County, TX was 44. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Houston County, TX are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Houston County, TX residents was 45.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people
  2. India
    231,271 ± 11,757 people
  3. El Salvador
    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

98.1%
2018 Citizenship
97.7%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.1% of Houston County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Houston County, TX was 97.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houston County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    755 ± 128
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    190 ± 94
  3. Korea
    175 ± 84

Houston County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Houston County, TX is $34,297. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Houston County, TX was Census Tract 9507 with a value of $51,194, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $41,127 and $40,205.

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Houston County, TX employs 8.2k people. The largest industries in Houston County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,103 people), Retail Trade (1,038 people), and Public Administration (815 people), and the highest paying industries are Educational Services ($36,883), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($36,413), and Manufacturing ($36,285).

Wages

Median Household Income

$34,297
2018 value
± $2,898
2.22%
1 Year Growth
± 10.4%

Households in Houston County, TX have a median annual income of $34,297, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $33,552 in 2017, which represents a 2.22% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Houston County, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
$64,953
Average Male Salary in Texas
± $716
$45,959
Average Female Salary in Texas
± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Texas
  1. Asian
    $64,947 ± $2,196
  2. White
    $52,072 ± $505
  3. American Indian
    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Texas.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Houston County, TX is from Texas.
0.482
2017 Wage GINI in Texas
0.482
2016 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9507
  2. Census Tract 9505
  3. Census Tract 9501

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houston County, TX was Census Tract 9507 with a value of $51,194, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $41,127 and $40,205.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Houston County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houston County, TX (4.87k out of 19.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,158 ± 280
  2. Black
    2,047 ± 308
  3. Hispanic
    808 ± 206

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houston County, TX is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

8.2k
2018 Value
± 605
7.26%
1 Year growth
± 9.71%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Houston County, TX grew at a rate of 7.26%, from 7.64k employees to 8.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houston County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (990 people), Sales & Related Occupations (920 people), and Production Occupations (791 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houston County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Houston County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (990 people), Sales & Related Occupations (920 people), and Production Occupations (791 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Houston County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (4.63 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.47 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (2.24 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Houston County, TX, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($64,545), Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($50,341), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($39,911).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

8.2k
2018 Value
± 605
7.26%
1 Year growth
± 9.71%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Houston County, TX grew at a rate of 7.26%, from 7.64k employees to 8.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houston County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,103 people), Retail Trade (1,038 people), and Public Administration (815 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houston County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Houston County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Houston County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,103 people), Retail Trade (1,038 people), and Public Administration (815 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Houston County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (5.27 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.47 times), and Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Houston County, TX, by median earnings, are Educational Services ($36,883), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($36,413), and Manufacturing ($36,285).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $282B
  2. $216B
  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$1.97T
2015 Value in Texas
$2.8T
Projected 2045 Value in Texas
42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $85.7B
  2. $53.4B
  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Houston County, TX was $84,500 in 2018, which is 0.368 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $80,200 to $84,500, a 5.36% increase. The homeownership rate in Houston County, TX is 68.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Houston County, TX have an average commute time of 25.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Houston County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$84,500
2018 Median
± $10,096
$80,200
2017 Median
± $5,957

In 2018, the median property value in Houston County, TX grew to to $84,500 from the previous year's value of $80,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Houston County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$34,297
Median Household Income
± $2,898
8.21k
Number of Households
± 549

In 2018, the median household income of the 8.21k households in Houston County, TX grew to $34,297 from the previous year's value of $33,552.

The following chart displays the households in Houston County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $10k - $15k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Houston County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.9%
2018 Homeownership
68.7%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 68.9% of the housing units in Houston County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Houston County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houston County, TX have a shorter commute time (25.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 3.17% of the workforce in Houston County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houston County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    86.6%
  2. Carpooled
    8.52%
  3. Worked At Home
    3.44%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Houston County, TX was Drove Alone (86.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.52%) and those who Worked At Home (3.44%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houston County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houston County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

85% of the population of Houston County, TX has health coverage, with 38.9% on employee plans, 17.7% on Medicaid, 19.1% on Medicare, 7.82% on non-group plans, and 1.49% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Houston County, TX see 5696 patients per year on average, which represents a 50.3% increase from the previous year (3790 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3792 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 5688 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

5,696 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Houston County, TX

Primary care physicians in Houston County, TX see an average of 5,696 patients per year. This represents a 50.3% increase from the previous year (3,790 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Houston County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
$6,998
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Texas
$4,696
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,273
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,895
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15%
Uninsured
38.9%
Employer Coverage
17.7%
Medicaid
19.1%
Medicare
7.82%
Non-Group
1.49%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houston County, TX grew by 4.89% from 14.3% to 15%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houston County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 14.5% prevalence
  2. 14.4% prevalence
  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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