Leon County, TX

County

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Population
17,098
0.778% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
Median Age
45

Poverty Rate
16.6%

Median Household Income
$44,818
0.127% 1-year decline
Median Property Value
$110,100
7.62% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
6,463
1.69% 1-year decline

About

In 2018, Leon County, TX had a population of 17.1k people with a median age of 45 and a median household income of $44,818. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Leon County, TX grew from 16,966 to 17,098, a 0.778% increase and its median household income declined from $44,875 to $44,818, a -0.127% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Leon County, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (76.3%), White (Hispanic) (12.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.87%), Other (Hispanic) (1.53%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (0.854%). 0% of the households in Leon County, TX speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 95.5% of the residents in Leon County, TX are U.S. citizens.

In 2018, the median property value in Leon County, TX was $110,100, and the homeownership rate was 78.5%. Most people in Leon County, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 28.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Leon County, TX was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Start Year
Y-Axis
-5.78%
Year-over-year decline
Employment change between November 2019 and November 2020

As of November 2020, there are 145M people employed in Texas. This represents a -5.78% decrease in employment when compared to November 2019.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Leon County, TX went to Donald J. Trump with 85.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (12.2%), followed by Other (1.87%). The most partisan county was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Texas.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Leon County, TX
85.9% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Texas
  1. 94.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 93.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 92% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Texas was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Texas colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Leon County, TX is home to a population of 17.1k people, from which 95.5% are citizens. As of 2018, 6.14% of Leon County, TX residents were born outside of the country (1.05k people).

In 2018, there were 6.11 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (13k people) in Leon County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.14k White (Hispanic) and 1.17k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Leon County, TX
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    13k ± 19
  2. White (Hispanic)
    2.14k ± 217
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    1.17k ± 75
14.4%
Hispanic Population
2.46k people

In 2018, there were 6.11 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (13k people) in Leon County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.14k White (Hispanic) and 1.17k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

14.4% of the people in Leon County, TX are hispanic (2.46k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Leon County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.14%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
1.05k people
7.03%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
1.19k people

As of 2018, 6.14% of Leon County, TX residents (1.05k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Leon County, TX was 7.03%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Leon County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

46
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.9
43
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 3.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in Leon County, TX was 45. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 46, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Leon County, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Leon County, TX residents was 45.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,517,866 ± 37,182 people
  2. India
    267,786 ± 12,644 people
  3. El Salvador
    216,011 ± 11,367 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,517,866 Texas residents, followed by India with 267,786 and El Salvador with 216,011.

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Citizenship

95.5%
2018 Citizenship
95.4%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 95.5% of Leon County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Leon County, TX was 95.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Leon County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    745 ± 205
  2. Korea
    143 ± 83
  3. World War II
    96 ± 53

Leon County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 5.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Leon County, TX is $44,818. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Leon County, TX was Census Tract 9503 with a value of $54,282, followed by Census Tract 9502 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $53,269 and $39,123.

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,245. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Leon County, TX employs 6.46k people. The largest industries in Leon County, TX are Construction (884 people), Retail Trade (765 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (494 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($97,969), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($81,667), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,345).

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,818
2018 value
± $6,788
-0.127%
1 Year Growth
± 18.3%

Households in Leon County, TX have a median annual income of $44,818, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,875 in 2017, which represents a -0.127% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Leon County, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
$68,707
Average Male Salary in Texas
± $741
$49,245
Average Female Salary in Texas
± $549

In 2019, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Texas
  1. Asian
    $69,055 ± $2,236
  2. White
    $55,439 ± $530
  3. American Indian
    $49,081 ± $7,151

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Texas.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Leon County, TX is from Texas.
0.48
2019 Wage GINI in Texas
0.482
2018 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2019, the income inequality in Texas was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.281% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9503
  2. Census Tract 9502
  3. Census Tract 9501

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Leon County, TX was Census Tract 9503 with a value of $54,282, followed by Census Tract 9502 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $53,269 and $39,123.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Leon County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males < 5
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Leon County, TX (2.82k out of 17k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males < 5, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,288 ± 344
  2. Hispanic
    645 ± 160
  3. Black
    325 ± 120

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Leon County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.46k
2018 Value
± 629
-1.69%
1 Year decline
± 14.1%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Leon County, TX declined at a rate of -1.69%, from 6.57k employees to 6.46k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Leon County, TX, are Sales & Related Occupations (801 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (646 people), and Production Occupations (534 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Leon County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Leon County, TX, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (801 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (646 people), and Production Occupations (534 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Leon County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.96 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.94 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Leon County, TX, by median earnings, are Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($138,071), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations ($90,495), and Management Occupations ($79,800).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.46k
2018 Value
± 629
-1.69%
1 Year decline
± 14.1%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Leon County, TX declined at a rate of -1.69%, from 6.57k employees to 6.46k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Leon County, TX, are Construction (884 people), Retail Trade (765 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (494 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Leon County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Leon County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Leon County, TX, by number of employees, are Construction (884 people), Retail Trade (765 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (494 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Leon County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (11.8 times higher than expected), Utilities (4.43 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Leon County, TX, by median earnings, are Utilities ($97,969), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($81,667), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,345).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $358B
  2. $332B
  3. $284B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $358B, followed by Crude petroleum ($332B) and Gasoline ($284B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.8T
2018 Value in Texas
$5.07T
Projected 2045 Value in Texas
81.2% growth

In 2018, total outbound Texas trade was $2.8T. This is expected to increase 81.2% to $5.07T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $97.6B
  2. $67.7B
  3. $60.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.6B, followed by Michigan with $67.7B and California and $60.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Leon County, TX was $110,100 in 2018, which is 0.479 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $102,300 to $110,100, a 7.62% increase. The homeownership rate in Leon County, TX is 78.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Leon County, TX have an average commute time of 28.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Leon County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$110,100
2018 Median
± $7,762
$102,300
2017 Median
± $10,260

In 2018, the median property value in Leon County, TX grew to to $110,100 from the previous year's value of $102,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Leon County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Leon County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$44,818
Median Household Income
± $6,788
6.25k
Number of Households
± 530

In 2018, the median household income of the 6.25k households in Leon County, TX declined from $44,818 from the previous year's value of $44,875.

The following chart displays the households in Leon County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Leon County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Leon County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

78.5%
2018 Homeownership
78.4%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 78.5% of the housing units in Leon County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 78.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Leon County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

28.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Leon County, TX have a longer commute time (28.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 6.6% of the workforce in Leon County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Leon County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (75.2%)
  2. Carpooled (10.7%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.28%)

In 2018, 75.2% of workers in Leon County, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.7%) and those who worked at home (5.28%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Leon County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Leon County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

82% of the population of Leon County, TX has health coverage, with 30.2% on employee plans, 15% on Medicaid, 19.1% on Medicare, 16.1% on non-group plans, and 1.51% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Comparing across all counties in the state, Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (23.2%). Additionally, Burleson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.6%)

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
$6,998
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Texas
$4,696
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,273
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,895
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

18%
Uninsured
30.2%
Employer Coverage
15%
Medicaid
19.1%
Medicare
16.1%
Non-Group
1.51%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Leon County, TX declined by 7.53% from 19.4% to 18%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Leon County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 23.2% prevalence
  2. 22.7% prevalence
  3. 22.5% prevalence

Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 23.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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