Walker County, TX

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Population

70,818

1.28% growth

Median Age

35.2


Median Household Income

$41,456

3.41% growth

Poverty Rate

24.3%


Number of Employees

24,044

5.54% growth

Median Property Value

$132,200

6.96% growth

About

In 2017, Walker County, TX had a population of 70.8k people with a median age of 35.2 and a median household income of $41,456. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Walker County, TX grew from 69,926 to 70,818, a 1.28% increase and its median household income grew from $40,090 to $41,456, a 3.41% increase.

The population of Walker County, TX is 56.9% White Alone, 22.9% Black or African American Alone, and 17.8% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Walker County, TX speak a non-English language, and 94.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Walker County, TX are Sam Houston State University (4,584 degrees awarded in 2016) and Sebring Career Schools-Huntsville (16 degrees).

The median property value in Walker County, TX is $132,200, and the homeownership rate is 52.8%. Most people in Walker County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Walker County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Walker County, TX employs 24k people. The largest industries in Walker County, TX are Public Administration (4,358 people), Educational Services (3,815 people), and Retail Trade (2,715 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($48,750), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($46,250), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($42,195).

Median household income in Walker County, TX is $41,456. Males in Walker County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Walker County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,456

2017 value

± $1,745

3.41%

1 Year Growth

± 6.64%

Households in Walker County, TX have a median annual income of $41,456, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,090 in 2016, which represents a 3.41% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Walker County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Walker County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 7903

  2. Census Tract 7901.03

  3. Census Tract 7901.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Walker County, TX was Census Tract 7903 with a value of $63,941, followed by Census Tract 7901.03 and Census Tract 7901.02, with respective values of $61,440 and $56,250.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Walker County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Walker County, TX (12.7k out of 52.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,221 ± 755

  2. Black

    3,646 ± 475

  3. Hispanic

    2,501 ± 404

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Walker County, TX is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

24k

2017 Value

± 1,372

5.54%

1 Year growth

± 7.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Walker County, TX grew at a rate of 5.54%, from 22.8k employees to 24k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Walker County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,054 people), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2,358 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,268 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Walker County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Walker County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,054 people), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2,358 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,268 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Walker County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (10.2 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.98 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Walker County, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($91,250), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($70,682), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($70,167).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

24k

2017 Value

± 1,372

5.54%

1 Year growth

± 7.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Walker County, TX grew at a rate of 5.54%, from 22.8k employees to 24k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Walker County, TX, are Public Administration (4,358 people), Educational Services (3,815 people), and Retail Trade (2,715 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Walker County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Walker County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Walker County, TX, by number of employees, are Public Administration (4,358 people), Educational Services (3,815 people), and Retail Trade (2,715 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Walker County, TX has an unusually high number of Public Administration (3.88 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.94 times), and Educational Services (1.71 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Walker County, TX, by median earnings, are Information ($48,750), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($46,250), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($42,195).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.5% of the population of Walker County, TX has health coverage, with 55.7% on employee plans, 9.17% on Medicaid, 11.2% on Medicare, 9.04% on non-group plans, and 1.39% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Walker County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Walker County, TX see 3214 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.32% increase from the previous year (3172 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2306 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2102 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,214 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Walker County, TX see an average of 3,214 patients per year. This represents a 1.32% increase from the previous year (3,172 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Walker County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.5%

Uninsured

55.7%

Employer Coverage

9.17%

Medicaid

11.2%

Medicare

9.04%

Non-Group

1.39%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Walker County, TX declined by 3.94% from 14% to 13.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Walker County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Walker County, TX is home to a population of 70.8k people, from which 94.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.02% of Walker County, TX residents were born outside of the country (5.68k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Walker County, TX is composed of 40.3k White Alone residents (56.9%), 16.2k Black or African American Alone residents (22.9%), 12.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (17.8%), 859 Asian Alone residents (1.21%), 575 Two or More Races residents (0.812%), 245 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.346%), 28 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0395%), and 10 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0141%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Walker County, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Walker County, TX was 35.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Walker County, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Walker County, TX residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.02%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

5.68k people

7.96%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

5.57k people

As of 2017, 8.02% of Walker County, TX residents (5.68k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Walker County, TX was 7.96%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Walker County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

94.4%

2017 Citizenship

94.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.4% of Walker County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Walker County, TX was 94.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Walker County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    40.3k ± 6

  2. Black or African American Alone

    16.2k ± 180

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    12.6k ± 762

In 2017, there were 2.49 times more White Alone residents (40.3k people) in Walker County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.2k Black or African American Alone and 12.6k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Walker County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Walker County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Walker County, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Walker County, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,593 ± 284

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,053 ± 293

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    844 ± 266

Walker County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.51 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Walker County, TX awarded 4,600 degrees. The student population of Walker County, TX is skewed towards women, with 7,692 male students and 12,833 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Walker County, TX are White (2,754 and 61.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (826 and 18.4%), Black or African American (608 and 13.5%), and Two or More Races (116 and 2.58%).

The largest universities in Walker County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Sam Houston State University (4,584 and 99.7%) and Sebring Career Schools-Huntsville (16 and 0.348%).

The most popular majors in Walker County, TX are Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (711 and 15.5%), Other Multidisciplinary Studies (360 and 7.83%), and General Business (277 and 6.02%).

The median tuition costs in Walker County, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,172 and $14,964 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 691 degrees awarded

  2. 360 degrees awarded

  3. 277 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Walker County, TX was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 691 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Walker County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,584 degrees awarded

  2. 16 degrees awarded

$5,172

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Walker County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Sam Houston State University with 4,584 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,725

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,875

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,725 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Walker County, TX, which is 0.6 times less than the 2,875 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Walker County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,754 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    826 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    608 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Walker County, TX were to White students. These 2,754 degrees mean that there were 3.33 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 826 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Walker County, TX was $132,200 in 2017, which is 0.608 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $123,600 to $132,200, a 6.96% increase. The homeownership rate in Walker County, TX is 52.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Walker County, TX have an average commute time of 24.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Walker County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,456

Median Household Income

± $1,745

21.3k

Number of Households

± 1,203

In 2017, the median household income of the 21.3k households in Walker County, TX grew to $41,456 from the previous year's value of $40,090.

The following chart displays the households in Walker County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$132,200

2017 Median

± $10,025

$123,600

2016 Median

± $9,779

In 2017, the median property value in Walker County, TX grew to to $132,200 from the previous year's value of $123,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Walker County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Walker County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Walker County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Walker County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

52.8%

2017 Homeownership

53.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 52.8% of the housing units in Walker County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 53.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Walker County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Walker County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Walker County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

24.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Walker County, TX have a shorter commute time (24.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.8% of the workforce in Walker County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Walker County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82%

  2. Carpooled

    8.57%

  3. Walked

    3.94%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Walker County, TX was Drove Alone (82%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.57%) and those who Walked (3.94%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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