Gem County, ID

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Population

16,850

0.0178% decline

Median Age

45.2


Median Household Income

$42,888

5.2% growth

Poverty Rate

20.7%


Number of Employees

6,452

8.18% growth

Median Property Value

$148,800

4.06% growth

About

In 2017, Gem County, ID had a population of 16.9k people with a median age of 45.2 and a median household income of $42,888. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Gem County, ID declined from 16,853 to 16,850, a -0.0178% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,767 to $42,888, a 5.2% increase.

The population of Gem County, ID is 88% White Alone, 8.3% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.06% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Gem County, ID speak a non-English language, and 97.2% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Gem County, ID is $148,800, and the homeownership rate is 74.8%. Most people in Gem County, ID commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Gem County, ID is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: State Capitol, Boise, ID

Economy

The economy of Gem County, ID employs 6.45k people. The largest industries in Gem County, ID are Health Care & Social Assistance (943 people), Construction (690 people), and Retail Trade (569 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($70,089), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,865), and Public Administration ($35,793).

Median household income in Gem County, ID is $42,888. Males in Gem County, ID have an average income that is 1.45 times higher than the average income of females, which is $37,730. The income inequality in Gem County, ID (measured using the Gini index) is 0.464, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,888

2017 value

± $3,380

5.2%

1 Year Growth

± 8.98%

Households in Gem County, ID have a median annual income of $42,888, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,767 in 2016, which represents a 5.2% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Gem County, ID compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.

$54,622

Average Male Salary

± $2,243

$37,730

Average Female Salary

± $1,625

In 2017, full-time male employees in Idaho made 1.45 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $46,142 ± $12,002

  2. White

    $40,859 ± $1,365

  3. Black

    $35,264 ± $18,479

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Idaho workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gem County, ID is from Idaho.

0.464

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Idaho was 0.464 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.367% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Idaho was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Idaho in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Idaho across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9601

  2. Census Tract 9603

  3. Census Tract 9602

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gem County, ID was Census Tract 9601 with a value of $49,792, followed by Census Tract 9603 and Census Tract 9602, with respective values of $41,120 and $40,833.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Gem County, ID colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gem County, ID (3.46k out of 16.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,339 ± 396

  2. Hispanic

    592 ± 170

  3. Other

    46 ± 110

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gem County, ID is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.45k

2017 Value

± 608

8.18%

1 Year growth

± 12.4%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gem County, ID grew at a rate of 8.18%, from 5.96k employees to 6.45k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gem County, ID, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (825 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (561 people), and Management Occupations (508 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gem County, ID.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gem County, ID, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (825 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (561 people), and Management Occupations (508 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gem County, ID has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (7.07 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (2.05 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.75 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gem County, ID, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($113,523), Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations ($67,500), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($63,235).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.45k

2017 Value

± 608

8.18%

1 Year growth

± 12.4%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gem County, ID grew at a rate of 8.18%, from 5.96k employees to 6.45k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gem County, ID, are Health Care & Social Assistance (943 people), Construction (690 people), and Retail Trade (569 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gem County, ID, though some of these residents may live in Gem County, ID and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gem County, ID, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (943 people), Construction (690 people), and Retail Trade (569 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gem County, ID has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.33 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.22 times), and Construction (1.71 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gem County, ID, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($70,089), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,865), and Public Administration ($35,793).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.9B

  2. $5.23B

  3. $4.79B

In 2015, the top outbound Idaho product (by dollars) was Other foodstuffs with $11.9B, followed by Electronics ($5.23B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($4.79B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Idaho products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Idaho state.

$60.8B

2020 Value

$82.2B

Projected 2045 Value

35% growth

In 2020, total outbound Idaho trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 35% to $82.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Idaho trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $6.86B

  2. $3.44B

  3. $2.28B

In 2015, the top outbound Idaho domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $6.86B, followed by California with $3.44B and Utah and $2.28B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Idaho shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

82.7% of the population of Gem County, ID has health coverage, with 34.6% on employee plans, 17.5% on Medicaid, 13.8% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 2.69% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Gem County, ID was $6,927 in 2014. This is a 5.07% increase from the previous year ($6,593).

Primary care physicians in Gem County, ID see 1872 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.107% decrease from the previous year (1874 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1909 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1432 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bingham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.3%). Additionally, Minidoka County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,872 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Gem County, ID see an average of 1,872 patients per year. This represents a 0.107% decrease from the previous year (1,874 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Gem County, ID in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.

$6,927

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,560

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,069

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,737

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Idaho (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.07%, from $6,593 to $6,927.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

17.3%

Uninsured

34.6%

Employer Coverage

17.5%

Medicaid

13.8%

Medicare

14.1%

Non-Group

2.69%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gem County, ID declined by 5.87% from 18.4% to 17.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gem County, ID changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.3% prevalence

  2. 11.1% prevalence

  3. 11.1% prevalence

Bingham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Idaho, at 11.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Idaho by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Gem County, ID is home to a population of 16.9k people, from which 97.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.47% of Gem County, ID residents were born outside of the country (585 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Gem County, ID is composed of 14.8k White Alone residents (88%), 1.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.3%), 347 Two or More Races residents (2.06%), 156 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.926%), 113 Asian Alone residents (0.671%), 2 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0119%), 0 Black or African American Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.8

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Gem County, ID was 45.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Gem County, ID are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Gem County, ID residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.47%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

585 people

3.15%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

531 people

As of 2017, 3.47% of Gem County, ID residents (585 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gem County, ID was 3.15%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gem County, ID compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,895 ± 5,505 people

  2. Canada

    4,756 ± 1,691 people

  3. China

    3,072 ± 1,360 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Idaho was Mexico, the natal country of 51,895 Idaho residents, followed by Canada with 4,756 and China with 3,072.

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Citizenship

97.2%

2017 Citizenship

97.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.2% of Gem County, ID residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Gem County, ID was 97.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gem County, ID compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    14.8k ± 19

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.4k ± 405

  3. Two or More Races

    347 ± 101

In 2017, there were 10.6 times more White Alone residents (14.8k people) in Gem County, ID than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.4k Hispanic or Latino and 347 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Gem County, ID as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    880 ± 151

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    287 ± 116

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    160 ± 80

Gem County, ID has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gem County, ID was $148,800 in 2017, which is 0.648 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $143,000 to $148,800, a 4.06% increase. The homeownership rate in Gem County, ID is 74.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gem County, ID have an average commute time of 27.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gem County, ID is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$148,800

2017 Median

± $8,558

$143,000

2016 Median

± $12,281

In 2017, the median property value in Gem County, ID grew to to $148,800 from the previous year's value of $143,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gem County, ID compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gem County, ID the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,888

Median Household Income

± $3,380

6.4k

Number of Households

± 548

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.4k households in Gem County, ID grew to $42,888 from the previous year's value of $40,767.

The following chart displays the households in Gem County, ID distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gem County, ID distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gem County, ID the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.8%

2017 Homeownership

72%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.8% of the housing units in Gem County, ID were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gem County, ID compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

27.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gem County, ID have a longer commute time (27.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.43% of the workforce in Gem County, ID have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gem County, ID compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77%

  2. Carpooled

    10.6%

  3. Worked At Home

    8.18%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Gem County, ID was Drove Alone (77%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.6%) and those who Worked At Home (8.18%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gem County, ID distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gem County, ID have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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