Cumberland County, VA

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Population

9,797

0.287% growth

Poverty Rate

21.8%


Median Age

44.5


Median Household Income

$43,020

14.8% growth

Number of Employees

4,810

4.54% growth

Median Property Value

$146,600

4.79% growth

About

In 2017, Cumberland County, VA had a population of 9.8k people with a median age of 44.5 and a median household income of $43,020. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cumberland County, VA grew from 9,769 to 9,797, a 0.287% increase and its median household income grew from $37,489 to $43,020, a 14.8% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland County, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (63.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (32.5%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (3.36%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0.898%), and White (Hispanic) (0.143%). N/A% of the people in Cumberland County, VA speak a non-English language, and 100% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Cumberland County, VA is $146,600, and the homeownership rate is 72.3%. Most people in Cumberland County, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 38.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland County, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Cumberland County, VA employs 4.81k people. The largest industries in Cumberland County, VA are Retail Trade (846 people), Construction (639 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (639 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($68,387), Wholesale Trade ($58,110), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,417).

Median household income in Cumberland County, VA is $43,020. Males in Cumberland County, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Cumberland County, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,020

2017 value

± $3,238

14.8%

1 Year Growth

± 14%

Households in Cumberland County, VA have a median annual income of $43,020, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,489 in 2016, which represents a 14.8% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Cumberland County, VA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cumberland County, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9302

  2. Census Tract 9301

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland County, VA was Census Tract 9302 with a value of $43,604, followed by Census Tract 9301 and N/A, with respective values of $42,552 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cumberland County, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males < 5

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland County, VA (2.11k out of 9.68k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males < 5, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    960 ± 223

  2. White

    869 ± 207

  3. Two Or More

    245 ± 127

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland County, VA is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.81k

2017 Value

± 501

4.54%

1 Year growth

± 14.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland County, VA grew at a rate of 4.54%, from 4.6k employees to 4.81k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland County, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (695 people), Management Occupations (533 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (467 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (695 people), Management Occupations (533 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (467 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cumberland County, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.78 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (2.38 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.97 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, VA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($101,585), Production Occupations ($77,762), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($68,468).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.81k

2017 Value

± 501

4.54%

1 Year growth

± 14.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland County, VA grew at a rate of 4.54%, from 4.6k employees to 4.81k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland County, VA, are Retail Trade (846 people), Construction (639 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (639 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland County, VA, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland County, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cumberland County, VA, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (846 people), Construction (639 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (639 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cumberland County, VA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.34 times higher than expected), Construction (2.12 times), and Public Administration (2.07 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cumberland County, VA, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($68,387), Wholesale Trade ($58,110), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,417).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $29.9B

  2. $27.8B

  3. $26B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $29.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($27.8B) and Electronics ($26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$277B

2020 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

34.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Virginia trade was $277B. This is expected to increase 34.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $14B

  3. $12.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $25.5B, followed by North Carolina with $14B and Pennsylvania and $12.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.5% of the population of Cumberland County, VA has health coverage, with 34.4% on employee plans, 18% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 19.1% on non-group plans, and 2.7% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cumberland County, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, VA see 4860 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (4914 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 9652 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 4826 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

4,860 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, VA see an average of 4,860 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (4,914 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cumberland County, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.5%

Uninsured

34.4%

Employer Coverage

18%

Medicaid

12.4%

Medicare

19.1%

Non-Group

2.7%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland County, VA declined by 8.62% from 14.7% to 13.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland County, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cumberland County, VA is home to a population of 9.8k people, from which 100% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.07% of Cumberland County, VA residents were born outside of the country (105 people).

In 2017, there were 1.94 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (6.19k people) in Cumberland County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.18k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 329 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.7

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cumberland County, VA was 44.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Cumberland County, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cumberland County, VA residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.07%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

105 people

0.43%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

42 people

As of 2017, 1.07% of Cumberland County, VA residents (105 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland County, VA was 0.43%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

100%

2017 Citizenship

100%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 100% of Cumberland County, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland County, VA was 100%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been maintaining.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland County, VA

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    6.19k ± 17

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    3.18k ± 170

  3. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    329 ± 162

In 2017, there were 1.94 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (6.19k people) in Cumberland County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.18k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 329 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Cumberland County, VA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    243 ± 94

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    129 ± 92

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    98 ± 70

Cumberland County, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.88 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland County, VA was $146,600 in 2017, which is 0.638 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $139,900 to $146,600, a 4.79% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland County, VA is 72.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cumberland County, VA have an average commute time of 38.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cumberland County, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$146,600

2017 Median

± $13,195

$139,900

2016 Median

± $11,595

In 2017, the median property value in Cumberland County, VA grew to to $146,600 from the previous year's value of $139,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cumberland County, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,020

Median Household Income

± $3,238

3.97k

Number of Households

± 457

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.97k households in Cumberland County, VA grew to $43,020 from the previous year's value of $37,489.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cumberland County, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

72.3%

2017 Homeownership

72.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72.3% of the housing units in Cumberland County, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 72.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cumberland County, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

38.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland County, VA have a longer commute time (38.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 8.96% of the workforce in Cumberland County, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.2%

  2. Carpooled

    14.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.93%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cumberland County, VA was Drove Alone (78.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (14.1%) and those who Worked At Home (4.93%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland County, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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