Cullman County, AL

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Population

81,703

0.476% growth

Median Age

40.6


Median Household Income

$40,997

4.33% growth

Poverty Rate

16.4%


Number of Employees

32,072

0.496% decline

Median Property Value

$121,900

2.7% growth

About

In 2017, Cullman County, AL had a population of 81.7k people with a median age of 40.6 and a median household income of $40,997. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cullman County, AL grew from 81,316 to 81,703, a 0.476% increase and its median household income grew from $39,297 to $40,997, a 4.33% increase.

The population of Cullman County, AL is 92.3% White Alone, 4.24% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.18% Two or More Races. 4.44% of the people in Cullman County, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cullman County, AL are George C Wallace State Community College-Hanceville (1,531 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Cullman County, AL is $121,900, and the homeownership rate is 74.8%. Most people in Cullman County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Cullman County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Cullman County, AL employs 32.1k people. The largest industries in Cullman County, AL are Manufacturing (5,565 people), Retail Trade (4,723 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (4,444 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($104,196), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,625), and Public Administration ($46,406).

Median household income in Cullman County, AL is $40,997. Males in Cullman County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Cullman County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,997

2017 value

± $1,715

4.33%

1 Year Growth

± 5.18%

Households in Cullman County, AL have a median annual income of $40,997, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,297 in 2016, which represents a 4.33% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cullman County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Cullman County, AL made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Cullman County, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Cullman County, AL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Cullman County, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cullman County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9655

  2. Census Tract 9647

  3. Census Tract 9652

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cullman County, AL was Census Tract 9655 with a value of $52,269, followed by Census Tract 9647 and Census Tract 9652, with respective values of $46,455 and $43,816.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cullman County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cullman County, AL (13.2k out of 80.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,236 ± 797

  2. Hispanic

    1,128 ± 262

  3. Two Or More

    355 ± 239

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cullman County, AL is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

32.1k

2017 Value

± 1,292

-0.496%

1 Year decline

± 5.63%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cullman County, AL declined at a rate of -0.496%, from 32.2k employees to 32.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cullman County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,848 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,663 people), and Production Occupations (2,972 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cullman County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cullman County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,848 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,663 people), and Production Occupations (2,972 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cullman County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (2.01 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.86 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.72 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cullman County, AL, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($72,891), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,681), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($70,172).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

32.1k

2017 Value

± 1,292

-0.496%

1 Year decline

± 5.63%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cullman County, AL declined at a rate of -0.496%, from 32.2k employees to 32.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cullman County, AL, are Manufacturing (5,565 people), Retail Trade (4,723 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (4,444 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cullman County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Cullman County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cullman County, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (5,565 people), Retail Trade (4,723 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (4,444 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cullman County, AL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.17 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.71 times), and Construction (1.53 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cullman County, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($104,196), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,625), and Public Administration ($46,406).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight with $28B and Coal-n.e.c. and $21.5B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.6% of the population of Cullman County, AL has health coverage, with 43.2% on employee plans, 15.9% on Medicaid, 14.1% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.68% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cullman County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Cullman County, AL see 1822 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.6% decrease from the previous year (1890 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2115 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 877 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,822 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cullman County, AL see an average of 1,822 patients per year. This represents a 3.6% decrease from the previous year (1,890 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cullman County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.4%

Uninsured

43.2%

Employer Coverage

15.9%

Medicaid

14.1%

Medicare

11.7%

Non-Group

1.68%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cullman County, AL declined by 7.65% from 14.5% to 13.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cullman County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cullman County, AL is home to a population of 81.7k people, from which 98.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.78% of Cullman County, AL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Cullman County, AL is composed of 75.4k White Alone residents (92.3%), 3.47k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.24%), 962 Two or More Races residents (1.18%), 900 Black or African American Alone residents (1.1%), 528 Asian Alone residents (0.646%), 350 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.428%), 63 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0771%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cullman County, AL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (2,726 speakers), Other Indic Languages (134 speakers), and Japanese (97 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cullman County, AL was 40.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Cullman County, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cullman County, AL residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.78%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.83%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.78% of Cullman County, AL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cullman County, AL was 2.83%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cullman County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Cullman County, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Cullman County, AL residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

98.2%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.2% of Cullman County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cullman County, AL was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cullman County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    75.4k ± 95

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3.47k ± 457

  3. Two or More Races

    962 ± 232

In 2017, there were 21.8 times more White Alone residents (75.4k people) in Cullman County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.47k Hispanic or Latino and 962 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cullman County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    2,726 speakers (3.58%)

  2. Other Indic Languages

    134 speakers (0.176%)

  3. Japanese

    97 speakers (0.127%)

4.44% of Cullman County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Cullman County, AL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.58% of the overall population of Cullman County, AL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.176% speak Other Indic Languages and 0.127% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,965 ± 270

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    696 ± 195

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    533 ± 151

Cullman County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cullman County, AL awarded 1,531 degrees. The student population of Cullman County, AL is skewed towards women, with 2,079 male students and 3,366 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cullman County, AL are White (1,364 and 89.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (59 and 3.87%), Black or African American (53 and 3.48%), and Unknown (22 and 1.44%).

The largest universities in Cullman County, AL by number of degrees awarded are George C Wallace State Community College-Hanceville (1,531 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Cullman County, AL are Welding Technology (190 and 12.4%), General Studies (188 and 12.3%), and Registered Nursing (146 and 9.54%).

The median tuition costs in Cullman County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 188 degrees awarded

  2. 146 degrees awarded

  3. 38 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Cullman County, AL was General Studies with 188 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Cullman County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,531 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Cullman County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was George C Wallace State Community College-Hanceville with 1,531 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

776

Degrees Awarded to Men

755

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 776 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cullman County, AL, which is 1.03 times more than the 755 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cullman County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,364 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    59 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    53 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cullman County, AL were to White students. These 1,364 degrees mean that there were 23.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 59 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cullman County, AL was $121,900 in 2017, which is 0.56 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $118,700 to $121,900, a 2.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Cullman County, AL is 74.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cullman County, AL have an average commute time of 25.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cullman County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,997

Median Household Income

± $1,715

31.1k

Number of Households

± 1,196

In 2017, the median household income of the 31.1k households in Cullman County, AL grew to $40,997 from the previous year's value of $39,297.

The following chart displays the households in Cullman County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$121,900

2017 Median

± $5,215

$118,700

2016 Median

± $4,782

In 2017, the median property value in Cullman County, AL grew to to $121,900 from the previous year's value of $118,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cullman County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cullman County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cullman County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cullman County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.8%

2017 Homeownership

75.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.8% of the housing units in Cullman County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cullman County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cullman County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cullman County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cullman County, AL have a longer commute time (25.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.59% of the workforce in Cullman County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cullman County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    88.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.36%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.03%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cullman County, AL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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