Columbia, KY

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Population

4,852

0.103% growth

Median Age

29.7


Median Household Income

$26,675

5.79% decline

Poverty Rate

18.5%


Number of Employees

1,732

0.991% growth

Median Property Value

$91,300

3.99% growth

About

In 2017, Columbia, KY had a population of 4.85k people with a median age of 29.7 and a median household income of $26,675. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbia, KY grew from 4,847 to 4,852, a 0.103% increase and its median household income declined from $28,313 to $26,675, a -5.79% decrease.

The population of Columbia, KY is 84.7% White Alone, 11.5% Black or African American Alone, and 2% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Columbia, KY speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbia, KY are Lindsey Wilson College (685 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Columbia, KY is $91,300, and the homeownership rate is 48.4%. Most people in Columbia, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 12.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia, KY is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Columbia, KY employs 1.73k people. The largest industries in Columbia, KY are Educational Services (293 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (269 people), and Manufacturing (246 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($102,679), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($52,955), and Finance & Insurance ($42,000).

Median household income in Columbia, KY is $26,675. Males in Columbia, KY have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,451. The income inequality in Columbia, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$26,675

2017 value

± $11,178

-5.79%

1 Year Growth

± 51%

Households in Columbia, KY have a median annual income of $26,675, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $28,313 in 2016, which represents a -5.79% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbia, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$56,557

Average Male Salary

± $1,518

$41,451

Average Female Salary

± $1,092

In 2017, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,164 ± $10,370

  2. White

    $43,856 ± $923

  3. American Indian

    $34,557 ± $13,648

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia, KY is from Kentucky.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.455

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.329% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9704.02

  2. Census Tract 9704.01

  3. N/A

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia, KY was Census Tract 9704.02 with a value of $37,798, followed by Census Tract 9704.01 and N/A, with respective values of $30,800 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the places in Columbia, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia, KY (672 out of 3.64k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 65 - 74.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    646 ± 186

  2. Two Or More

    24 ± 70

  3. Black

    2 ± 55

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia, KY is White, followed by Two Or More and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.73k

2017 Value

± 295

0.991%

1 Year growth

± 24%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia, KY grew at a rate of 0.991%, from 1.72k employees to 1.73k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (241 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (231 people), and Production Occupations (155 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (241 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (231 people), and Production Occupations (155 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbia, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (2.58 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.4 times), and Legal Occupations (2.36 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia, KY, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($61,071), Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($60,893), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($44,750).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.73k

2017 Value

± 295

0.991%

1 Year growth

± 24%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia, KY grew at a rate of 0.991%, from 1.72k employees to 1.73k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia, KY, are Educational Services (293 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (269 people), and Manufacturing (246 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia, KY, though some of these residents may live in Columbia, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia, KY, by number of employees, are Educational Services (293 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (269 people), and Manufacturing (246 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbia, KY has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.83 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.58 times), and Manufacturing (1.4 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia, KY, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($102,679), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($52,955), and Finance & Insurance ($42,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $71.4B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals ($17.1B) and Gasoline ($17.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$282B

2015 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.9B

  2. $19.1B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.1% of the population of Columbia, KY has health coverage, with 41.9% on employee plans, 24.6% on Medicaid, 8.3% on Medicare, 15% on non-group plans, and 1.33% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Columbia, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Columbia, KY see 1507 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1495 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 525 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

1,507 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,507 patients per year. This represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1,495 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kentucky in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.94%

Uninsured

41.9%

Employer Coverage

24.6%

Medicaid

8.3%

Medicare

15%

Non-Group

1.33%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia, KY declined by 3.87% from 9.3% to 8.94%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbia, KY is home to a population of 4.85k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.75% of Columbia, KY residents were born outside of the country (85 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbia, KY is composed of 4.11k White Alone residents (84.7%), 560 Black or African American Alone residents (11.5%), 97 Hispanic or Latino residents (2%), 61 Two or More Races residents (1.26%), 19 Asian Alone residents (0.392%), 6 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.124%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbia, KY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 5.9

23

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 10.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbia, KY was 29.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 23. But people in Columbia, KY are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Columbia, KY residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.75%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

85 people

1.51%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

73 people

As of 2017, 1.75% of Columbia, KY residents (85 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia, KY was 1.51%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,622 ± 4,418 people

  2. India

    10,932 ± 2,564 people

  3. Cuba

    8,780 ± 2,298 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 32,622 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 10,932 and Cuba with 8,780.

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Citizenship

98.5%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.5% of Columbia, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia, KY was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    4.11k ± 158

  2. Black or African American Alone

    560 ± 179

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    97 ± 75.8

In 2017, there were 7.34 times more White Alone residents (4.11k people) in Columbia, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 560 Black or African American Alone and 97 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbia, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Columbia, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbia, KY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Columbia, KY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (1990s)

    84 ± 65

  2. Vietnam

    50 ± 37

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    6 ± 19

Columbia, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (1990s), 1.68 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Columbia, KY awarded 685 degrees. The student population of Columbia, KY is skewed towards women, with 939 male students and 1,649 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia, KY are White (515 and 75.3%), followed by Unknown (96 and 14%), Black or African American (52 and 7.6%), and Asian (7 and 1.02%).

The largest universities in Columbia, KY by number of degrees awarded are Lindsey Wilson College (685 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Columbia, KY are General Human Services (223 and 32.6%), Counseling Psychology (182 and 26.6%), and General Business Administration & Management (54 and 7.88%).

The median tuition costs in Columbia, KY are $23,520 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 24 degrees awarded

  2. 223 degrees awarded

  3. 54 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Columbia, KY was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 24 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Columbia, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

685 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$23,520

Median Private

In 2016, the Columbia, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lindsey Wilson College with 685 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

217

Degrees Awarded to Men

468

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 217 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbia, KY, which is 0.464 times less than the 468 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Columbia, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    515 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    96 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    52 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbia, KY were to White students. These 515 degrees mean that there were 5.36 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 96 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia, KY was $91,300 in 2017, which is 0.42 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $87,800 to $91,300, a 3.99% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia, KY is 48.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbia, KY have an average commute time of 12.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbia, KY is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$26,675

Median Household Income

± $11,178

1.69k

Number of Households

± 268

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.69k households in Columbia, KY declined from $26,675 from the previous year's value of $28,313.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$91,300

2017 Median

± $11,111

$87,800

2016 Median

± $10,216

In 2017, the median property value in Columbia, KY grew to to $91,300 from the previous year's value of $87,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

48.4%

2017 Homeownership

52.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 48.4% of the housing units in Columbia, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 52.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia, KY have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

12.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia, KY have a shorter commute time (12.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0% of the workforce in Columbia, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81%

  2. Worked At Home

    7.09%

  3. Walked

    6.5%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbia, KY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Worked At Home and those who Walked.

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