Canyon County, ID

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Population

207,027

2.09% growth

Median Age

33.2


Median Household Income

$46,426

3.49% growth

Poverty Rate

17.1%


Number of Employees

88,055

2.89% growth

Median Property Value

$144,000

9.67% growth

About

In 2017, Canyon County, ID had a population of 207k people with a median age of 33.2 and a median household income of $46,426. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Canyon County, ID grew from 202,782 to 207,027, a 2.09% increase and its median household income grew from $44,860 to $46,426, a 3.49% increase.

The population of Canyon County, ID is 70.9% White Alone, 24.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.09% Two or More Races. 18.2% of the people in Canyon County, ID speak a non-English language, and 94.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Canyon County, ID are College of Western Idaho (1,513 degrees awarded in 2016), Northwest Nazarene University (663 degrees), and The College of Idaho (291 degrees).

The median property value in Canyon County, ID is $144,000, and the homeownership rate is 67.6%. Most people in Canyon County, ID commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23 minutes. The average car ownership in Canyon County, ID is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: State Capitol, Boise, ID

Economy

The economy of Canyon County, ID employs 88.1k people. The largest industries in Canyon County, ID are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,645 people), Retail Trade (10,847 people), and Manufacturing (9,389 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,200), Utilities ($50,711), and Public Administration ($39,375).

Median household income in Canyon County, ID is $46,426. Males in Canyon County, ID have an average income that is 1.45 times higher than the average income of females, which is $37,730. The income inequality in Canyon County, ID (measured using the Gini index) is 0.464, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,426

2017 value

± $1,548

3.49%

1 Year Growth

± 4.03%

Households in Canyon County, ID have a median annual income of $46,426, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,860 in 2016, which represents a 3.49% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Canyon County, ID compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Idaho.

$54,622

Average Male Salary

± $2,243

$37,730

Average Female Salary

± $1,625

In 2017, full-time male employees in Canyon County, ID made 1.45 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Canyon County, ID by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Idaho.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $46,142 ± $12,002

  2. White

    $40,859 ± $1,365

  3. Black

    $35,264 ± $18,479

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Canyon County, ID workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Canyon County, ID by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Canyon County, ID is from Idaho.

0.464

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Idaho was 0.464 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.367% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Idaho was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Idaho in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Idaho across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 207

  2. Census Tract 218

  3. Census Tract 224

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Canyon County, ID was Census Tract 207 with a value of $63,345, followed by Census Tract 218 and Census Tract 224, with respective values of $60,150 and $58,819.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Canyon County, ID colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Canyon County, ID (34.8k out of 204k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    28,710 ± 1,387

  2. Hispanic

    12,841 ± 1,018

  3. Other

    3,649 ± 682

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Canyon County, ID is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

88.1k

2017 Value

± 2,374

2.89%

1 Year growth

± 3.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Canyon County, ID grew at a rate of 2.89%, from 85.6k employees to 88.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Canyon County, ID, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,094 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,657 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (6,950 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Canyon County, ID.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Canyon County, ID, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,094 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,657 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (6,950 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Canyon County, ID has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (4.15 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.59 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.54 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Canyon County, ID, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($53,600), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($53,052), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($52,870).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

88.1k

2017 Value

± 2,374

2.89%

1 Year growth

± 3.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Canyon County, ID grew at a rate of 2.89%, from 85.6k employees to 88.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Canyon County, ID, are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,645 people), Retail Trade (10,847 people), and Manufacturing (9,389 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Canyon County, ID, though some of these residents may live in Canyon County, ID and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Canyon County, ID, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,645 people), Retail Trade (10,847 people), and Manufacturing (9,389 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Canyon County, ID has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.7 times higher than expected), Construction (1.53 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Canyon County, ID, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,200), Utilities ($50,711), and Public Administration ($39,375).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $10.8B

  2. $4.28B

  3. $4.26B

In 2015, the top outbound Idaho product (by dollars) was Other foodstuffs with $10.8B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $4.28B and Electronics and $4.26B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Idaho products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Idaho state.

$55.1B

2015 Value

$82.2B

Projected 2045 Value

49.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Idaho trade was $55.1B. This is expected to increase 49.1% to $82.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Idaho trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $6.23B

  2. $3.13B

  3. $2.01B

In 2015, the top outbound Idaho domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $6.23B, followed by California with $3.13B and Utah and $2.01B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Idaho shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.7% of the population of Canyon County, ID has health coverage, with 38.8% on employee plans, 20.8% on Medicaid, 9.15% on Medicare, 14% on non-group plans, and 1.93% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Canyon County, ID was $6,927 in 2014. This is a 5.07% increase from the previous year ($6,593).

Primary care physicians in Canyon County, ID see 3051 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.37% decrease from the previous year (3224 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2276 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 762 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bingham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.3%). Additionally, Minidoka County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3051 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Canyon County, ID see an average of 3051 patients per year. This represents a 5.37% decrease from the previous year (3224 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Canyon County, ID in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.

$6,927

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,560

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,069

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,737

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Idaho (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.07%, from $6,593 to $6,927.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.3%

Uninsured

38.8%

Employer Coverage

20.8%

Medicaid

9.15%

Medicare

14%

Non-Group

1.93%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Canyon County, ID declined by 6.96% from 16.4% to 15.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Canyon County, ID changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.3% prevalence

  2. 11.1% prevalence

  3. 11.1% prevalence

Bingham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Idaho, at 11.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Idaho by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Canyon County, ID is home to a population of 207k people, from which 94.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.94% of Canyon County, ID residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Canyon County, ID is composed of 147k White Alone residents (70.9%), 51.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (24.9%), 4.33k Two or More Races residents (2.09%), 1.66k Asian Alone residents (0.8%), 1.38k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.665%), 851 Black or African American Alone residents (0.411%), 398 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.192%), and 80 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0386%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Canyon County, ID are Spanish or Spanish Creole (30,346 speakers), Other Indo-European Languages (634 speakers), and German (355 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Canyon County, ID was 33.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Canyon County, ID are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Canyon County, ID residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.94%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

7.74%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 7.94% of Canyon County, ID residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Canyon County, ID was 7.74%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Canyon County, ID compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,895 ± 5,505 people

  2. Canada

    4,756 ± 1,691 people

  3. China

    3,072 ± 1,360 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Canyon County, ID was Mexico, the natal country of 51,895 Canyon County, ID residents, followed by Canada with 4,756 and China with 3,072.

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Citizenship

94.7%

2017 Citizenship

94.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.7% of Canyon County, ID residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Canyon County, ID was 94.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Canyon County, ID compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    147k ± 118

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    51.5k ± 2.72k

  3. Two or More Races

    4.33k ± 524

In 2017, there were 2.85 times more White Alone residents (147k people) in Canyon County, ID than any other race or ethnicity. There were 51.5k Hispanic or Latino and 4.33k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Canyon County, ID as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    30,346 speakers (16.6%)

  2. Other Indo-European Languages

    634 speakers (0.347%)

  3. German

    355 speakers (0.194%)

18.2% of Canyon County, ID citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Canyon County, ID was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 16.6% of the overall population of Canyon County, ID are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.347% speak Other Indo-European Languages and 0.194% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,508 ± 342

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,727 ± 505

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,909 ± 308

Canyon County, ID has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.65 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Canyon County, ID awarded 2,706 degrees. The student population of Canyon County, ID is skewed towards women, with 5,291 male students and 7,272 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Canyon County, ID are White (1,934 and 72.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (361 and 13.5%), Unknown (239 and 8.93%), and Two or More Races (38 and 1.42%).

The largest universities in Canyon County, ID by number of degrees awarded are College of Western Idaho (1,513 and 55.9%), Northwest Nazarene University (663 and 24.5%), and The College of Idaho (291 and 10.8%).

The most popular majors in Canyon County, ID are Liberal Arts & Sciences (320 and 11.8%), General Business Administration & Management (150 and 5.54%), and General Biological Sciences (110 and 4.07%).

The median tuition costs in Canyon County, ID are $27,410 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 75 degrees awarded

  2. 69 degrees awarded

  3. 310 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Canyon County, ID was General Biological Sciences with 75 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Canyon County, ID according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,513 degrees awarded

  2. 663 degrees awarded

  3. 291 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$27,410

Median Private

In 2016, the Canyon County, ID institution with the largest number of graduating students was College of Western Idaho with 1,513 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,222

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,484

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,222 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Canyon County, ID, which is 0.823 times less than the 1,484 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Canyon County, ID by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,934 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    361 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    239 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Canyon County, ID were to White students. These 1,934 degrees mean that there were 5.36 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 361 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Canyon County, ID was $144,000 in 2017, which is 0.662 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $131,300 to $144,000, a 9.67% increase. The homeownership rate in Canyon County, ID is 67.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Canyon County, ID have an average commute time of 23 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Canyon County, ID is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,426

Median Household Income

± $1,548

69.3k

Number of Households

± 2,069

In 2017, the median household income of the 69.3k households in Canyon County, ID grew to $46,426 from the previous year's value of $44,860.

The following chart displays the households in Canyon County, ID distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$144,000

2017 Median

± $2,907

$131,300

2016 Median

± $3,442

In 2017, the median property value in Canyon County, ID grew to to $144,000 from the previous year's value of $131,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Canyon County, ID compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Canyon County, ID the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Canyon County, ID distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Canyon County, ID the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.6%

2017 Homeownership

67.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.6% of the housing units in Canyon County, ID were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Canyon County, ID compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Canyon County, ID distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Canyon County, ID have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Canyon County, ID have a shorter commute time (23 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.3% of the workforce in Canyon County, ID have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Canyon County, ID compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.1%

  2. Carpooled

    11.5%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.55%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Canyon County, ID was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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