Buchanan County, VA

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Population

22,611

2.36% decline

Median Age

46.3


Median Household Income

$30,828

1.63% growth

Poverty Rate

26.5%


Number of Employees

6,679

2.34% decline

Median Property Value

$71,900

1.99% growth

About

In 2017, Buchanan County, VA had a population of 22.6k people with a median age of 46.3 and a median household income of $30,828. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Buchanan County, VA declined from 23,158 to 22,611, a -2.36% decrease and its median household income grew from $30,335 to $30,828, a 1.63% increase.

The population of Buchanan County, VA is 95.4% White Alone, 2.81% Black or African American Alone, and 0.579% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Buchanan County, VA speak a non-English language, and 99.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Buchanan County, VA are Appalachian School of Law (82 degrees awarded in 2016) and Appalachian College of Pharmacy (65 degrees).

The median property value in Buchanan County, VA is $71,900, and the homeownership rate is 78.9%. Most people in Buchanan County, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Buchanan County, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

Economy

The economy of Buchanan County, VA employs 6.68k people. The largest industries in Buchanan County, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,036 people), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (991 people), and Retail Trade (763 people), and the highest paying industries are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($70,417), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,551), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($51,329).

Median household income in Buchanan County, VA is $30,828. Males in Buchanan County, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Buchanan County, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$30,828

2017 value

± $1,316

1.63%

1 Year Growth

± 7.07%

Households in Buchanan County, VA have a median annual income of $30,828, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $30,335 in 2016, which represents a 1.63% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Buchanan County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Buchanan County, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 103

  2. Census Tract 105

  3. Census Tract 107

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Buchanan County, VA was Census Tract 103 with a value of $36,000, followed by Census Tract 105 and Census Tract 107, with respective values of $35,833 and $31,920.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Buchanan County, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Buchanan County, VA (5.73k out of 21.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,594 ± 452

  2. Black

    108 ± 153

  3. Native American

    14 ± 113

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Buchanan County, VA is White, followed by Black and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.68k

2017 Value

± 532

-2.34%

1 Year decline

± 11.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Buchanan County, VA declined at a rate of -2.34%, from 6.84k employees to 6.68k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Buchanan County, VA, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (995 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (967 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (577 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Buchanan County, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Buchanan County, VA, by number of employees, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (995 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (967 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (577 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Buchanan County, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.99 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.4 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Buchanan County, VA, by median earnings, are Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations ($87,650), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($82,569), and Management Occupations ($74,856).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.68k

2017 Value

± 532

-2.34%

1 Year decline

± 11.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Buchanan County, VA declined at a rate of -2.34%, from 6.84k employees to 6.68k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Buchanan County, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,036 people), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (991 people), and Retail Trade (763 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Buchanan County, VA, though some of these residents may live in Buchanan County, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Buchanan County, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,036 people), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (991 people), and Retail Trade (763 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Buchanan County, VA has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (27.5 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.36 times), and Public Administration (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Buchanan County, VA, by median earnings, are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($70,417), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,551), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($51,329).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($26B) and Electronics ($22.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.4% of the population of Buchanan County, VA has health coverage, with 32.7% on employee plans, 22.1% on Medicaid, 23.3% on Medicare, 7.86% on non-group plans, and 0.6% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Buchanan County, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Buchanan County, VA see 3796 patients per year on average, which represents a 15% increase from the previous year (3301 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 5544 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 3696 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,796 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Buchanan County, VA see an average of 3,796 patients per year. This represents a 15% increase from the previous year (3,301 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Buchanan County, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.6%

Uninsured

32.7%

Employer Coverage

22.1%

Medicaid

23.3%

Medicare

7.86%

Non-Group

0.6%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Buchanan County, VA declined by 3.15% from 14% to 13.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Buchanan County, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Buchanan County, VA is home to a population of 22.6k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.43% of Buchanan County, VA residents were born outside of the country (324 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Buchanan County, VA is composed of 21.6k White Alone residents (95.4%), 635 Black or African American Alone residents (2.81%), 131 Two or More Races residents (0.579%), 114 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.504%), 107 Asian Alone residents (0.473%), 61 Hispanic or Latino residents (0.27%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Buchanan County, VA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

47

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

28

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 18.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Buchanan County, VA was 46.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 47, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 28. But people in Buchanan County, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Buchanan County, VA residents was 46.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.43%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

324 people

1.21%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

280 people

As of 2017, 1.43% of Buchanan County, VA residents (324 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Buchanan County, VA was 1.21%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Buchanan County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

99.1%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.1% of Buchanan County, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Buchanan County, VA was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Buchanan County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    21.6k ± 22

  2. Black or African American Alone

    635 ± 120

  3. Two or More Races

    131 ± 83.9

In 2017, there were 34 times more White Alone residents (21.6k people) in Buchanan County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 635 Black or African American Alone and 131 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Buchanan County, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Buchanan County, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Buchanan County, VA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Buchanan County, VA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    266 ± 81

  2. Korea

    144 ± 70

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    96 ± 47

Buchanan County, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.85 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Buchanan County, VA awarded 147 degrees. The student population of Buchanan County, VA is skewed towards men, with 161 male students and 137 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Buchanan County, VA are White (113 and 76.9%), followed by Black or African American (16 and 10.9%), Asian (11 and 7.48%), and Unknown (4 and 2.72%).

The largest universities in Buchanan County, VA by number of degrees awarded are Appalachian School of Law (82 and 55.8%) and Appalachian College of Pharmacy (65 and 44.2%).

The most popular majors in Buchanan County, VA are Pharmacy (65 and 44.2%), Law (43 and 29.3%), and Other Legal Professions & Studies (39 and 26.5%).

The median tuition costs in Buchanan County, VA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 65 degrees awarded

  2. 43 degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Professional Doctorate recipients in Buchanan County, VA was Pharmacy with 65 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Professional Doctorate from schools in Buchanan County, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 82 degrees awarded

  2. 65 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Buchanan County, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Appalachian School of Law with 82 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

71

Degrees Awarded to Men

76

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 71 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Buchanan County, VA, which is 0.934 times less than the 76 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Buchanan County, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    113 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    16 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    11 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Buchanan County, VA were to White students. These 113 degrees mean that there were 7.06 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 16 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Buchanan County, VA was $71,900 in 2017, which is 0.33 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $70,500 to $71,900, a 1.99% increase. The homeownership rate in Buchanan County, VA is 78.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Buchanan County, VA have an average commute time of 27.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Buchanan County, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$30,828

Median Household Income

± $1,316

9.02k

Number of Households

± 589

In 2017, the median household income of the 9.02k households in Buchanan County, VA grew to $30,828 from the previous year's value of $30,335.

The following chart displays the households in Buchanan County, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$71,900

2017 Median

± $4,725

$70,500

2016 Median

± $5,084

In 2017, the median property value in Buchanan County, VA grew to to $71,900 from the previous year's value of $70,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Buchanan County, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buchanan County, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Buchanan County, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buchanan County, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

78.9%

2017 Homeownership

78.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 78.9% of the housing units in Buchanan County, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 78.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Buchanan County, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Buchanan County, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Buchanan County, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

27.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Buchanan County, VA have a longer commute time (27.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.03% of the workforce in Buchanan County, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Buchanan County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87.1%

  2. Carpooled

    7.5%

  3. Walked

    1.84%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Buchanan County, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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