Alachua County, FL

County

Add Comparison
2021 Population
276,171
3.01% 1-year growth
US Senator
Marco Rubio
Republican Party
US Senator
Rick Scott
Republican Party
2021 Median Age
32.1
1.26% 1-year increase
2021 Poverty Rate
20.1%
2.85% 1-year decrease
2021 Median Household Income
$53,314
6.44% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$210,800
4.56% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
131,955
3.78% 1-year growth

About

In 2021, Alachua County, FL had a population of 276k people with a median age of 32.1 and a median household income of $53,314. Between 2020 and 2021 the population of Alachua County, FL grew from 268,105 to 276,171, a 3.01% increase and its median household income grew from $50,089 to $53,314, a 6.44% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Alachua County, FL are White (Non-Hispanic) (60%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (19.6%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.93%), White (Hispanic) (5.62%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (3.24%).

None of the households in Alachua County, FL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95% of the residents in Alachua County, FL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Alachua County, FL are University of Florida (17,268 degrees awarded in 2021), Santa Fe College (3,450 degrees), and University of Florida-Online (857 degrees).

In 2021, the median property value in Alachua County, FL was $210,800, and the homeownership rate was 55.1%.

Most people in Alachua County, FL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22 minutes. The average car ownership in Alachua County, FL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Sweetwater Wetlands, Gainesville, FL

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Alachua County, FL is home to a population of 276k people, from which 95% are citizens. As of 2021, 10.7% of Alachua County, FL residents were born outside of the country (29.4k people).

In 2021, there were 3.07 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (166k people) in Alachua County, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 54k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 16.4k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

95%
2021 Citizenship
94.7%
2020 Citizenship

As of 2021, 95% of Alachua County, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2020, the percentage of US citizens in Alachua County, FL was 94.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Alachua County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Alachua County, FL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    166k ± 661
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    54k ± 888
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    16.4k ± 553
10.5%
Hispanic Population
29k people

In 2021, there were 3.07 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (166k people) in Alachua County, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 54k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 16.4k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

10.5% of the people in Alachua County, FL are hispanic (29k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Alachua County, FL as a share of the total population.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Florida.
Most Common Origin
  1. Cuba
    993,450 ± 23,894 people
  2. Haiti
    340,538 ± 14,212 people
  3. Colombia
    292,600 ± 13,189 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 993,450 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 340,538 and Colombia with 292,600.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Foreign-Born Population

10.7%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
29.4k people
10.8%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
29.1k people

As of 2021, 10.7% of Alachua County, FL residents (29.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2020, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Alachua County, FL was 10.8%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Alachua County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    5,130 ± 550
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,051 ± 523
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,559 ± 472

Alachua County, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.68 times greater than any other conflict.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Alachua County, FL employs 132k people. The largest industries in Alachua County, FL are Educational Services (26,801 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (23,560 people), and Retail Trade (13,903 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($76,122), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($67,829), and Finance & Insurance ($51,716).

Males in Florida have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,213. The income inequality in Florida (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

132k
2021 Value
± 3,470
3.78%
1 Year growth
± 3.62%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Alachua County, FL grew at a rate of 3.78%, from 127k employees to 132k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Alachua County, FL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,120 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (13,957 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,688 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Alachua County, FL.

View Data
Save Image

Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Florida (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Employment by Industries

132k
2021 Value
± 3,470
3.78%
1 Year growth
± 3.62%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Alachua County, FL grew at a rate of 3.78%, from 127k employees to 132k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Alachua County, FL, are Educational Services (26,801 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (23,560 people), and Retail Trade (13,903 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Alachua County, FL, though some of these residents may live in Alachua County, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

View Data
Save Image

Median Earnings by Industry

$36,567
Median earning men ± $1,975
$32,018
Median earning women ± $869

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2021 are Public Administration ($53,537), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,413), and Wholesale Trade ($48,156).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2021 are Manufacturing ($46,481), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($45,840), and Public Administration ($41,996).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in Florida. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Florida.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 3,212
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,708
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 1,432
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

View Data
Save Image

Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $2.64M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $983k
    Manufacturing
  3. $819k
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

View Data
Save Image

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $93.7B
  2. $57.8B
  3. $56.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $93.7B, followed by Electronics ($57.8B) and Pharmaceuticals ($56.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida.
$640B
2020 Value in Florida
$1.41T
Projected 2050 Value in Florida
121% growth

In 2020, total outbound Florida trade was $640B. This is expected to increase 121% to $1.41T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $22.9B
  2. $17.8B
  3. $14.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $22.9B, followed by Texas with $17.8B and California and $14.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alachua County, FL went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 62.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (35.7%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.975%).

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing the state of Florida. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Florida

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Marco Rubio
Senator from Florida3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Rick Scott
Senator from Florida1
Assumed office on January 8, 2019
Inauguration delayed in order to finish his term as Governor of Florida.

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing Florida.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Florida over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

US Representatives from Florida

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Florida have changed over time starting in 2008.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

learningEducation

In 2021, universities in Alachua County, FL awarded 21,714 degrees. The student population of Alachua County, FL in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 64,548 male students and 83,876 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Alachua County, FL are White (11,481 and 57.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (4,299 and 21.5%), Asian (1,475 and 7.37%), and Black or African American (1,287 and 6.43%).

The largest universities in Alachua County, FL by number of degrees awarded are University of Florida (17,268 and 79.5%), Santa Fe College (3,450 and 15.9%), and University of Florida-Online (857 and 3.95%).

The most popular majors in Alachua County, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,278 and 10.5%), General Business Administration & Management (1,463 and 6.74%), and General Psychology (708 and 3.26%).

The median tuition cost in Alachua County, FL for a public four year colleges is $3,358 for in-state students and $15,000 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2021 in Alachua County, FL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 31.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 47.3%. The number of students enrolled in 2021 was 148,424 (43.5% men and 56.5% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2021 there were 148,424 students enrolled in Alachua County, FL, 43.5% men and 56.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 76,282 records, of which 56.8% were women and 43.2% men.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 651 degree-majors awarded
  2. 630 degree-majors awarded
  3. 582 degree-majors awarded

In 2021, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Alachua County, FL was General Psychology with 651 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Alachua County, FL according to their major.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 17,268 degrees awarded
  2. 3,450 degrees awarded
  3. 857 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Florida with 17,268 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Diversity

University

In 2021, 9,421 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Alachua County, FL, which is 0.766 times less than the 12,293 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 11,481 degrees mean that there were 2.67 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 4,299 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 2-year ($13,680) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Public, 4-year or above ($691) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Private not-for-profit, 2-year ($1,231) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

View Data
Save Image

Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Measure

In 2021, 1.12% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.13% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2021 were High School or Equivalent (4.9M), Some college (3.57M), and Bachelors Degree (3.2M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Alachua County, FL was $210,800 in 2021, which is 0.861 times smaller than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $201,600 to $210,800, a 4.56% increase. The homeownership rate in Alachua County, FL is 55.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in Alachua County, FL have an average commute time of 22 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Alachua County, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Alachua County, FL is $53,314. In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Alachua County, FL was Census Tract 22.08 with a value of $108,250, followed by Census Tract 22.07 and Census Tract 11, with respective values of $104,945 and $100,721.

In 2022, 19.7% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Alachua County, FL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 4.29%.

Property

$210,800
Median Property Value 2021
±$5,209
$57,884
Median Property Taxes
±$1,898

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Alachua County, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Alachua County, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Rent vs Own

55.1%
Homeownership
2021
64.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In 2021, 55.1% of the housing units in Alachua County, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 54.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Alachua County, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 22.08
  2. Census Tract 22.07
  3. Census Tract 11

In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Alachua County, FL was Census Tract 22.08 with a value of $108,250, followed by Census Tract 22.07 and Census Tract 11, with respective values of $104,945 and $100,721.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Alachua County, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$53,314
Median Household Income
± $1,446
105k
Number of Households
± 2,801

In 2021, the median household income of the 105k households in Alachua County, FL grew to $53,314 from the previous year's value of $50,089.

The following chart displays the households in Alachua County, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Alachua County, FL is from Florida.
0.473
2021 Wage GINI in Florida
0.472
2020 Wage GINI in Florida

In 2021, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.108% growth from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (72.3%)
  2. Carpooled (10.1%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.63%)

In 2021, 72.3% of workers in Alachua County, FL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.1%) and those who worked at home (8.63%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commute Time

22 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Alachua County, FL have a shorter commute time (22 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 1.45% of the workforce in Alachua County, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Alachua County, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Alachua County, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Alachua County, FL have 2 cars.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 19.7% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Alachua County, FL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 4.29%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty & Diversity

20.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Alachua County, FL (52.9k out of 263k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Alachua County, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Children in Poverty

In 2022, 15.1% of the children was living in poverty in Alachua County, FL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 11.8%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 561 in Alachua County, FL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 142 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

Error: TypeError: measure_.at is not a function

pulseHealth

91.8% of the population of Alachua County, FL has health coverage, with 50% on employee plans, 11% on Medicaid, 9.63% on Medicare, 18.8% on non-group plans, and 2.3% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Florida was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Alachua County, FL see 627 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.03% decrease from the previous year (640 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 534 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 149 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.4% were men and 52.6% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

627 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alachua County, FL

Primary care physicians in Alachua County, FL see an average of 627 patients per year. This represents a 2.03% decrease from the previous year (640 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alachua County, FL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21% under 18 years, 32.9% between 18 and 34 years, 31.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 14.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.4% were men and 52.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Uninsured People

8.21%
Uninsured
50%
Employer Coverage
11%
Medicaid
9.63%
Medicare
18.8%
Non-Group
2.3%
Military or VA

Between 2020 and 2021, the percent of uninsured citizens in Alachua County, FL declined by 0.555% from 8.25% to 8.21%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Alachua County, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 76.5 in Alachua County, FL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Alachua County, FL.

Error: TypeError: measure_.at is not a function

Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 32.4% in Alachua County, FL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Alachua County, FL.

Error: TypeError: measure_.at is not a function

Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 12.4% in Alachua County, FL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Alachua County, FL.

Error: TypeError: measure_.at is not a function