Albemarle County, VA

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Population

105,105

0.784% growth

Median Age

38.6


Median Household Income

$72,265

2.73% growth

Poverty Rate

9.82%


Number of Employees

50,689

1.6% growth

Median Property Value

$329,600

3.88% growth

About

In 2017, Albemarle County, VA had a population of 105k people with a median age of 38.6 and a median household income of $72,265. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Albemarle County, VA grew from 104,287 to 105,105, a 0.784% increase and its median household income grew from $70,342 to $72,265, a 2.73% increase.

The population of Albemarle County, VA is 77.2% White Alone, 9.5% Black or African American Alone, and 5.7% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Albemarle County, VA speak a non-English language, and 94.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Albemarle County, VA are University of Virginia-Main Campus (7,638 degrees awarded in 2016) and Piedmont Virginia Community College (1,245 degrees).

The median property value in Albemarle County, VA is $329,600, and the homeownership rate is 63.6%. Most people in Albemarle County, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Albemarle County, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

Economy

The economy of Albemarle County, VA employs 50.7k people. The largest industries in Albemarle County, VA are Educational Services (9,346 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (8,774 people), and Retail Trade (4,583 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($145,875), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($76,518), and Public Administration ($67,143).

Median household income in Albemarle County, VA is $72,265. Males in Albemarle County, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Albemarle County, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$72,265

2017 value

± $2,910

2.73%

1 Year Growth

± 4.72%

Households in Albemarle County, VA have a median annual income of $72,265, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $70,342 in 2016, which represents a 2.73% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Albemarle County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Albemarle County, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 110

  2. Census Tract 102.02

  3. Census Tract 112.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Albemarle County, VA was Census Tract 110 with a value of $140,260, followed by Census Tract 102.02 and Census Tract 112.02, with respective values of $118,993 and $105,250.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Albemarle County, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.82% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Albemarle County, VA (9.58k out of 97.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    6,859 ± 617

  2. Black

    1,852 ± 359

  3. Hispanic

    1,254 ± 265

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Albemarle County, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

50.7k

2017 Value

± 1,538

1.6%

1 Year growth

± 4.13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Albemarle County, VA grew at a rate of 1.6%, from 49.9k employees to 50.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Albemarle County, VA, are Management Occupations (7,018 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (5,221 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,980 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Albemarle County, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Albemarle County, VA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (7,018 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (5,221 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,980 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Albemarle County, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (3.33 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (2 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.7 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Albemarle County, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($97,150), Management Occupations ($78,839), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($78,350).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

50.7k

2017 Value

± 1,538

1.6%

1 Year growth

± 4.13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Albemarle County, VA grew at a rate of 1.6%, from 49.9k employees to 50.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Albemarle County, VA, are Educational Services (9,346 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (8,774 people), and Retail Trade (4,583 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Albemarle County, VA, though some of these residents may live in Albemarle County, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Albemarle County, VA, by number of employees, are Educational Services (9,346 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (8,774 people), and Retail Trade (4,583 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Albemarle County, VA has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.99 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.32 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Albemarle County, VA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($145,875), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($76,518), and Public Administration ($67,143).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($26B) and Electronics ($22.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.4% of the population of Albemarle County, VA has health coverage, with 55.4% on employee plans, 5.82% on Medicaid, 12.5% on Medicare, 16.8% on non-group plans, and 1.86% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Albemarle County, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Albemarle County, VA see 673 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.737% decrease from the previous year (678 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1018 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 954 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

673 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Albemarle County, VA see an average of 673 patients per year. This represents a 0.737% decrease from the previous year (678 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Albemarle County, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.56%

Uninsured

55.4%

Employer Coverage

5.82%

Medicaid

12.5%

Medicare

16.8%

Non-Group

1.86%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Albemarle County, VA declined by 5.32% from 7.98% to 7.56%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Albemarle County, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Albemarle County, VA is home to a population of 105k people, from which 94.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.2% of Albemarle County, VA residents were born outside of the country (10.7k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Albemarle County, VA is composed of 81.2k White Alone residents (77.2%), 9.99k Black or African American Alone residents (9.5%), 5.99k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.7%), 5.22k Asian Alone residents (4.96%), 2.33k Two or More Races residents (2.21%), 202 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.192%), 170 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.162%), and 42 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.04%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Albemarle County, VA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Albemarle County, VA was 38.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally the same age as than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Albemarle County, VA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Albemarle County, VA residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

10.7k people

9.92%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

10.3k people

As of 2017, 10.2% of Albemarle County, VA residents (10.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Albemarle County, VA was 9.92%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Albemarle County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

94.4%

2017 Citizenship

94.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.4% of Albemarle County, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Albemarle County, VA was 94.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Albemarle County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    81.2k ± 102

  2. Black or African American Alone

    9.99k ± 397

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5.99k ± 643

In 2017, there were 8.13 times more White Alone residents (81.2k people) in Albemarle County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.99k Black or African American Alone and 5.99k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Albemarle County, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Albemarle County, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Albemarle County, VA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Albemarle County, VA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,200 ± 280

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,106 ± 231

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    714 ± 159

Albemarle County, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.99 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Albemarle County, VA awarded 8,883 degrees. The student population of Albemarle County, VA is skewed towards women, with 13,420 male students and 16,028 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Albemarle County, VA are White (5,686 and 69.4%), followed by Asian (823 and 10%), Black or African American (509 and 6.21%), and Hispanic or Latino (465 and 5.68%).

The largest universities in Albemarle County, VA by number of degrees awarded are University of Virginia-Main Campus (7,638 and 86%) and Piedmont Virginia Community College (1,245 and 14%).

The most popular majors in Albemarle County, VA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (829 and 9.33%), General Business Administration & Management (486 and 5.47%), and General Economics (469 and 5.28%).

The median tuition costs in Albemarle County, VA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $12,496 and $42,643 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 441 degrees awarded

  2. 340 degrees awarded

  3. 829 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Albemarle County, VA was General Economics with 441 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Albemarle County, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,638 degrees awarded

  2. 1,245 degrees awarded

$12,496

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Albemarle County, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Virginia-Main Campus with 7,638 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,005

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,878

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 4,005 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Albemarle County, VA, which is 0.821 times less than the 4,878 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Albemarle County, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,686 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    823 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    509 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Albemarle County, VA were to White students. These 5,686 degrees mean that there were 6.91 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 823 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Albemarle County, VA was $329,600 in 2017, which is 1.51 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $317,300 to $329,600, a 3.88% increase. The homeownership rate in Albemarle County, VA is 63.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Albemarle County, VA have an average commute time of 20.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Albemarle County, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$72,265

Median Household Income

± $2,910

40k

Number of Households

± 1,352

In 2017, the median household income of the 40k households in Albemarle County, VA grew to $72,265 from the previous year's value of $70,342.

The following chart displays the households in Albemarle County, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$329,600

2017 Median

± $8,235

$317,300

2016 Median

± $8,679

In 2017, the median property value in Albemarle County, VA grew to to $329,600 from the previous year's value of $317,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Albemarle County, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Albemarle County, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Albemarle County, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Albemarle County, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

63.6%

2017 Homeownership

64.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.6% of the housing units in Albemarle County, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Albemarle County, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Albemarle County, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Albemarle County, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Albemarle County, VA have a shorter commute time (20.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.57% of the workforce in Albemarle County, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Albemarle County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.9%

  2. Carpooled

    8.58%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.63%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Albemarle County, VA was Drove Alone (76.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.58%) and those who Worked At Home (7.63%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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