Winona County, MN

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Population

50,992

0.299% decline

Median Age

34.5


Median Household Income

$53,975

2.15% growth

Poverty Rate

14.5%


Number of Employees

28,578

0.365% growth

Median Property Value

$158,400

1.21% growth

About

In 2017, Winona County, MN had a population of 51k people with a median age of 34.5 and a median household income of $53,975. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Winona County, MN declined from 51,145 to 50,992, a -0.299% decrease and its median household income grew from $52,840 to $53,975, a 2.15% increase.

The population of Winona County, MN is 91.5% White Alone, 2.78% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.63% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Winona County, MN speak a non-English language, and 98% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Winona County, MN are Winona State University (2,151 degrees awarded in 2016), Saint Mary's University of Minnesota (1,964 degrees), and Minnesota State College Southeast (494 degrees).

The median property value in Winona County, MN is $158,400, and the homeownership rate is 70%. Most people in Winona County, MN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Winona County, MN is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Winona County, MN employs 28.6k people. The largest industries in Winona County, MN are Manufacturing (5,786 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,805 people), and Retail Trade (3,421 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($49,023), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,292), and Public Administration ($47,173).

Median household income in Winona County, MN is $53,975. Males in Winona County, MN have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,870. The income inequality in Winona County, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,975

2017 value

± $3,093

2.15%

1 Year Growth

± 7.6%

Households in Winona County, MN have a median annual income of $53,975, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,840 in 2016, which represents a 2.15% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Winona County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

$69,210

Average Male Salary

± $1,573

$52,870

Average Female Salary

± $1,202

In 2017, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $53,440 ± $951

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $51,343 ± $59,950

  3. Asian

    $50,326 ± $4,235

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Winona County, MN is from Minnesota.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.466

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.29% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 6708

  2. Census Tract 6709

  3. Census Tract 6701

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Winona County, MN was Census Tract 6708 with a value of $70,933, followed by Census Tract 6709 and Census Tract 6701, with respective values of $68,042 and $66,887.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Winona County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Winona County, MN (6.85k out of 47.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    6,209 ± 465

  2. Black

    301 ± 145

  3. Hispanic

    210 ± 115

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Winona County, MN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

28.6k

2017 Value

± 919

0.365%

1 Year growth

± 4.56%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Winona County, MN grew at a rate of 0.365%, from 28.5k employees to 28.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Winona County, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,337 people), Production Occupations (3,013 people), and Management Occupations (2,708 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Winona County, MN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Winona County, MN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,337 people), Production Occupations (3,013 people), and Management Occupations (2,708 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Winona County, MN has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.59 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.82 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.39 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Winona County, MN, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($82,750), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($58,150), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($54,423).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

28.6k

2017 Value

± 919

0.365%

1 Year growth

± 4.56%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Winona County, MN grew at a rate of 0.365%, from 28.5k employees to 28.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Winona County, MN, are Manufacturing (5,786 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,805 people), and Retail Trade (3,421 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Winona County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Winona County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Winona County, MN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (5,786 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,805 people), and Retail Trade (3,421 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Winona County, MN has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.46 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (2 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Winona County, MN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($49,023), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,292), and Public Administration ($47,173).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.9B

  2. $22.1B

  3. $19.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $23.9B, followed by Cereal grains ($22.1B) and Nonmetal min. prods. ($19.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$316B

2015 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

53.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Minnesota trade was $316B. This is expected to increase 53.4% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $24.3B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $25.5B, followed by Iowa with $24.3B and Illinois and $13.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.5% of the population of Winona County, MN has health coverage, with 56.3% on employee plans, 10.6% on Medicaid, 11.9% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 1.42% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Winona County, MN was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Winona County, MN see 2423 patients per year on average, which represents a 13.8% increase from the previous year (2129 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1820 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 607 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,423 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Winona County, MN see an average of 2,423 patients per year. This represents a 13.8% increase from the previous year (2,129 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Winona County, MN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.48%

Uninsured

56.3%

Employer Coverage

10.6%

Medicaid

11.9%

Medicare

13.2%

Non-Group

1.42%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Winona County, MN declined by 10.7% from 7.25% to 6.48%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Winona County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Winona County, MN is home to a population of 51k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.34% of Winona County, MN residents were born outside of the country (1.7k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Winona County, MN is composed of 46.7k White Alone residents (91.5%), 1.42k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.78%), 1.34k Asian Alone residents (2.63%), 749 Black or African American Alone residents (1.47%), 631 Two or More Races residents (1.24%), 150 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.294%), 37 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0726%), and 10 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0196%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Winona County, MN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

34

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Winona County, MN was 34.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 34. But people in Winona County, MN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Winona County, MN residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.34%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.7k people

3.62%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.85k people

As of 2017, 3.34% of Winona County, MN residents (1.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Winona County, MN was 3.62%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Winona County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    65,949 ± 6,267 people

  2. Somalia

    30,092 ± 4,247 people

  3. India

    29,695 ± 4,219 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 65,949 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 30,092 and India with 29,695.

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Citizenship

98%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98% of Winona County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Winona County, MN was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Winona County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    46.7k ± 29

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.42k ± 180

  3. Asian Alone

    1.34k ± 96

In 2017, there were 32.9 times more White Alone residents (46.7k people) in Winona County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.42k Hispanic or Latino and 1.34k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Winona County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Winona County, MN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Winona County, MN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Winona County, MN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,196 ± 130

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    391 ± 118

  3. Korea

    218 ± 69

Winona County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.06 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Winona County, MN awarded 4,609 degrees. The student population of Winona County, MN is skewed towards women, with 5,795 male students and 10,023 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Winona County, MN are White (3,534 and 78.3%), followed by Unknown (525 and 11.6%), Black or African American (157 and 3.48%), and Hispanic or Latino (112 and 2.48%).

The largest universities in Winona County, MN by number of degrees awarded are Winona State University (2,151 and 46.7%), Saint Mary's University of Minnesota (1,964 and 42.6%), and Minnesota State College Southeast (494 and 10.7%).

The most popular majors in Winona County, MN are General Education (396 and 8.59%), Registered Nursing (384 and 8.33%), and General Business Administration & Management (255 and 5.53%).

The median tuition costs in Winona County, MN are $32,060 for private four year colleges, and $7,103 and $12,800 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 126 degrees awarded

  2. 331 degrees awarded

  3. 233 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Winona County, MN was Elementary Education & Teaching with 126 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Winona County, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,151 degrees awarded

  2. 1,964 degrees awarded

  3. 494 degrees awarded

$7,103

Median In-State Public

$32,060

Median Private

In 2016, the Winona County, MN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Winona State University with 2,151 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,716

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,893

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,716 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Winona County, MN, which is 0.593 times less than the 2,893 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Winona County, MN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,534 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    525 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    157 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Winona County, MN were to White students. These 3,534 degrees mean that there were 6.73 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 525 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Winona County, MN was $158,400 in 2017, which is 0.728 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $156,500 to $158,400, a 1.21% increase. The homeownership rate in Winona County, MN is 70%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Winona County, MN have an average commute time of 17.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Winona County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,975

Median Household Income

± $3,093

19.2k

Number of Households

± 691

In 2017, the median household income of the 19.2k households in Winona County, MN grew to $53,975 from the previous year's value of $52,840.

The following chart displays the households in Winona County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$158,400

2017 Median

± $3,679

$156,500

2016 Median

± $3,829

In 2017, the median property value in Winona County, MN grew to to $158,400 from the previous year's value of $156,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Winona County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Winona County, MN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Winona County, MN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Winona County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

70%

2017 Homeownership

70.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70% of the housing units in Winona County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Winona County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Winona County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Winona County, MN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

17.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Winona County, MN have a shorter commute time (17.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.855% of the workforce in Winona County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Winona County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.04%

  3. Walked

    6.49%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Winona County, MN was Drove Alone (76.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.04%) and those who Walked (6.49%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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