Houston County, MN

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Population

18,709

0.436% decline

Poverty Rate

8.85%


Median Age

45.4


Median Household Income

$56,837

2.32% growth

Number of Employees

10,094

1.06% growth

Median Property Value

$164,200

1.17% growth

About

In 2017, Houston County, MN had a population of 18.7k people with a median age of 45.4 and a median household income of $56,837. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Houston County, MN declined from 18,791 to 18,709, a -0.436% decrease and its median household income grew from $55,550 to $56,837, a 2.32% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Houston County, MN are White (Non-Hispanic) (96.3%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (1.19%), White (Hispanic) (0.764%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.716%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.502%). N/A% of the people in Houston County, MN speak a non-English language, and 99.7% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Houston County, MN is $164,200, and the homeownership rate is 80.3%. Most people in Houston County, MN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Houston County, MN is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Minnesota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Minnesota, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Minnesota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Minnesota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Minnesota across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Houston County, MN employs 10.1k people. The largest industries in Houston County, MN are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,996 people), Manufacturing (1,328 people), and Retail Trade (1,092 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($74,539), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($53,800), and Transportation & Warehousing ($51,823).

Median household income in Houston County, MN is $56,837. Males in Houston County, MN have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,870. The income inequality in Houston County, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,837

2017 value

± $2,565

2.32%

1 Year Growth

± 6.11%

Households in Houston County, MN have a median annual income of $56,837, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,550 in 2016, which represents a 2.32% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Houston County, MN compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

$69,210

Average Male Salary

± $1,573

$52,870

Average Female Salary

± $1,202

In 2017, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $53,440 ± $951

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $51,343 ± $59,950

  3. Asian

    $50,326 ± $4,235

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Houston County, MN is from Minnesota.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.466

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.29% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 202

  2. Census Tract 203

  3. Census Tract 201

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houston County, MN was Census Tract 202 with a value of $62,273, followed by Census Tract 203 and Census Tract 201, with respective values of $60,769 and $57,944.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Houston County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 75+

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.85% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houston County, MN (1.63k out of 18.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 75+, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,510 ± 207

  2. Hispanic

    117 ± 72

  3. Black

    55 ± 66

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houston County, MN is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

10.1k

2017 Value

± 446

1.06%

1 Year growth

± 6.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Houston County, MN grew at a rate of 1.06%, from 9.99k employees to 10.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houston County, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,375 people), Management Occupations (1,117 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (879 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houston County, MN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Houston County, MN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,375 people), Management Occupations (1,117 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (879 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Houston County, MN has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.93 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.75 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Houston County, MN, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($69,750), Legal Occupations ($68,333), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($68,125).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

10.1k

2017 Value

± 446

1.06%

1 Year growth

± 6.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Houston County, MN grew at a rate of 1.06%, from 9.99k employees to 10.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houston County, MN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,996 people), Manufacturing (1,328 people), and Retail Trade (1,092 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houston County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Houston County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Houston County, MN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,996 people), Manufacturing (1,328 people), and Retail Trade (1,092 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Houston County, MN has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.49 times higher than expected), Construction (1.7 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Houston County, MN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($74,539), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($53,800), and Transportation & Warehousing ($51,823).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.4B

  2. $22.8B

  3. $22.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $27.4B, followed by Nonmetal min. prods. ($22.8B) and Cereal grains ($22.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$351B

2020 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

37.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Minnesota trade was $351B. This is expected to increase 37.9% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $29.1B

  2. $26.2B

  3. $14.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $29.1B, followed by Iowa with $26.2B and Illinois and $14.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.6% of the population of Houston County, MN has health coverage, with 52.9% on employee plans, 12.6% on Medicaid, 13.7% on Medicare, 14.8% on non-group plans, and 1.6% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Houston County, MN was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Houston County, MN see 1341 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.94% decrease from the previous year (1441 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2090 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 4704 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,341 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Houston County, MN see an average of 1,341 patients per year. This represents a 6.94% decrease from the previous year (1,441 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Houston County, MN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.35%

Uninsured

52.9%

Employer Coverage

12.6%

Medicaid

13.7%

Medicare

14.8%

Non-Group

1.6%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houston County, MN declined by 10.1% from 4.84% to 4.35%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houston County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Houston County, MN is home to a population of 18.7k people, from which 99.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.07% of Houston County, MN residents were born outside of the country (200 people).

In 2017, there were 80.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (18k people) in Houston County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 223 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) and 143 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

53

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 10.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Houston County, MN was 45.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 53. But people in Houston County, MN are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Houston County, MN residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.07%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

200 people

1.05%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

198 people

As of 2017, 1.07% of Houston County, MN residents (200 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houston County, MN was 1.05%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houston County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    65,949 ± 6,267 people

  2. Somalia

    30,092 ± 4,247 people

  3. India

    29,695 ± 4,219 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 65,949 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 30,092 and India with 29,695.

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Citizenship

99.7%

2017 Citizenship

99.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.7% of Houston County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Houston County, MN was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houston County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Houston County, MN

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    18k ± 9

  2. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    223 ± 70.4

  3. White (Hispanic)

    143 ± 24

In 2017, there were 80.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (18k people) in Houston County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 223 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) and 143 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Houston County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    646 ± 78

  2. Korea

    130 ± 36

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    105 ± 52

Houston County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Houston County, MN was $164,200 in 2017, which is 0.715 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $162,300 to $164,200, a 1.17% increase. The homeownership rate in Houston County, MN is 80.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Houston County, MN have an average commute time of 20.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Houston County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$164,200

2017 Median

± $4,236

$162,300

2016 Median

± $3,966

In 2017, the median property value in Houston County, MN grew to to $164,200 from the previous year's value of $162,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Houston County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston County, MN the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,837

Median Household Income

± $2,565

8.11k

Number of Households

± 394

In 2017, the median household income of the 8.11k households in Houston County, MN grew to $56,837 from the previous year's value of $55,550.

The following chart displays the households in Houston County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Houston County, MN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

80.3%

2017 Homeownership

80.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 80.3% of the housing units in Houston County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 80.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Houston County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houston County, MN have a shorter commute time (20.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.5% of the workforce in Houston County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houston County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.3%

  2. Carpooled

    7.14%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.86%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Houston County, MN was Drove Alone (81.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.14%) and those who Worked At Home (5.86%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houston County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houston County, MN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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