Madison County, AL

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Population

361,046

1.14% growth

Median Age

38.7


Median Household Income

$62,312

2.99% growth

Poverty Rate

13.6%


Number of Employees

176,150

1.04% decline

Median Property Value

$182,400

2.36% growth

About

In 2017, Madison County, AL had a population of 361k people with a median age of 38.7 and a median household income of $62,312. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Madison County, AL grew from 356,967 to 361,046, a 1.14% increase and its median household income grew from $60,503 to $62,312, a 2.99% increase.

The population of Madison County, AL is 64.5% White Alone, 24.2% Black or African American Alone, and 4.91% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Madison County, AL speak a non-English language, and 97.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Madison County, AL are University of Alabama in Huntsville (1,680 degrees awarded in 2016), Alabama A & M University (732 degrees), and Oakwood University (382 degrees).

The median property value in Madison County, AL is $182,400, and the homeownership rate is 65.3%. Most people in Madison County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Madison County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: US Space & Rocket Center, Huntsville, AL

Economy

The economy of Madison County, AL employs 176k people. The largest industries in Madison County, AL are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (25,053 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (20,869 people), and Retail Trade (20,788 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($91,177), Utilities ($78,532), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,391).

Median household income in Madison County, AL is $62,312. Males in Madison County, AL have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,415. The income inequality in Madison County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$62,312

2017 value

± $2,634

2.99%

1 Year Growth

± 7.62%

Households in Madison County, AL have a median annual income of $62,312, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,503 in 2016, which represents a 2.99% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Madison County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$59,128

Average Male Salary

± $1,487

$41,415

Average Female Salary

± $1,053

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,342 ± $9,359

  2. White

    $49,497 ± $1,108

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $40,310 ± $17,163

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Madison County, AL is from Alabama.

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.912% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 110.12

  2. Census Tract 110.11

  3. Census Tract 19.03

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Madison County, AL was Census Tract 110.12 with a value of $126,655, followed by Census Tract 110.11 and Census Tract 19.03, with respective values of $121,005 and $120,900.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Madison County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Madison County, AL (46.9k out of 344k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    21,957 ± 1,180

  2. Black

    20,884 ± 1,147

  3. Hispanic

    5,408 ± 494

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Madison County, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

176k

2017 Value

± 7,552

-1.04%

1 Year decline

± 5.99%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison County, AL declined at a rate of -1.04%, from 178k employees to 176k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Madison County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,351 people), Management Occupations (19,619 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (16,285 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Madison County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Madison County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,351 people), Management Occupations (19,619 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (16,285 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Madison County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (3.72 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.85 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.61 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Madison County, AL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($102,887), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($97,238), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($90,431).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

176k

2017 Value

± 7,552

-1.04%

1 Year decline

± 5.99%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Madison County, AL declined at a rate of -1.04%, from 178k employees to 176k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Madison County, AL, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (25,053 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (20,869 people), and Retail Trade (20,788 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Madison County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Madison County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Madison County, AL, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (25,053 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (20,869 people), and Retail Trade (20,788 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Madison County, AL has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.9 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.9 times), and Manufacturing (1.15 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Madison County, AL, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($91,177), Utilities ($78,532), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,391).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.1% of the population of Madison County, AL has health coverage, with 49.4% on employee plans, 12.3% on Medicaid, 9.56% on Medicare, 15.5% on non-group plans, and 4.28% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Madison County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Madison County, AL see 1093 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.87% decrease from the previous year (1137 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1812 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 828 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,093 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Madison County, AL see an average of 1,093 patients per year. This represents a 3.87% decrease from the previous year (1,137 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Madison County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.9%

Uninsured

49.4%

Employer Coverage

12.3%

Medicaid

9.56%

Medicare

15.5%

Non-Group

4.28%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Madison County, AL grew by 19.8% from 7.43% to 8.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Madison County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Madison County, AL is home to a population of 361k people, from which 97.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.38% of Madison County, AL residents were born outside of the country (19.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Madison County, AL is composed of 233k White Alone residents (64.5%), 87.3k Black or African American Alone residents (24.2%), 17.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.91%), 10.1k Asian Alone residents (2.81%), 9.79k Two or More Races residents (2.71%), 2.36k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.653%), 1.03k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.286%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Madison County, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Madison County, AL was 38.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Madison County, AL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Madison County, AL residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.38%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

19.4k people

5.45%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

19.5k people

As of 2017, 5.38% of Madison County, AL residents (19.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Madison County, AL was 5.45%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Madison County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    49,351 ± 5,426 people

  2. Guatemala

    13,867 ± 2,887 people

  3. Korea

    10,864 ± 2,556 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 49,351 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 13,867 and Korea with 10,864.

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Citizenship

97.3%

2017 Citizenship

96.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.3% of Madison County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Madison County, AL was 96.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Madison County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    233k ± 1.37k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    87.3k ± 2.05k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    17.7k ± 2.46k

In 2017, there were 2.67 times more White Alone residents (233k people) in Madison County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 87.3k Black or African American Alone and 17.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Madison County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Madison County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Madison County, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Madison County, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    12,330 ± 2,035

  2. Vietnam

    8,370 ± 1,256

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,008 ± 1,288

Madison County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.47 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Madison County, AL awarded 3,514 degrees. The student population of Madison County, AL is skewed towards women, with 8,581 male students and 9,221 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Madison County, AL are White (1,535 and 46.2%), followed by Black or African American (1,476 and 44.4%), Unknown (84 and 2.53%), and Hispanic or Latino (77 and 2.32%).

The largest universities in Madison County, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of Alabama in Huntsville (1,680 and 47.8%), Alabama A & M University (732 and 20.8%), and Oakwood University (382 and 10.9%).

The most popular majors in Madison County, AL are Registered Nursing (315 and 8.96%), General Business Administration & Management (248 and 7.06%), and General Biological Sciences (155 and 4.41%).

The median tuition costs in Madison County, AL are $9,957 for private four year colleges, and $8,563 and $18,013 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 222 degrees awarded

  2. 122 degrees awarded

  3. 112 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Madison County, AL was Registered Nursing with 222 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Madison County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,680 degrees awarded

  2. 732 degrees awarded

  3. 382 degrees awarded

$8,563

Median In-State Public

$9,957

Median Private

In 2016, the Madison County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Alabama in Huntsville with 1,680 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,448

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,066

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,448 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Madison County, AL, which is 0.701 times less than the 2,066 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Madison County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,535 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,476 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    84 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Madison County, AL were to White students. These 1,535 degrees mean that there were 1.04 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,476 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Madison County, AL was $182,400 in 2017, which is 0.838 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $178,200 to $182,400, a 2.36% increase. The homeownership rate in Madison County, AL is 65.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Madison County, AL have an average commute time of 21.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Madison County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$62,312

Median Household Income

± $2,634

148k

Number of Households

± 6,674

In 2017, the median household income of the 148k households in Madison County, AL grew to $62,312 from the previous year's value of $60,503.

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$182,400

2017 Median

± $6,849

$178,200

2016 Median

± $8,024

In 2017, the median property value in Madison County, AL grew to to $182,400 from the previous year's value of $178,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Madison County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Madison County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.3%

2017 Homeownership

68.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.3% of the housing units in Madison County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Madison County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Madison County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Madison County, AL have a shorter commute time (21.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.43% of the workforce in Madison County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Madison County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87.8%

  2. Carpooled

    5.7%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.53%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Madison County, AL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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