North Dakota

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Population

755,393

0.338% decline

Median Age

35.4


Median Household Income

$61,843

1.96% growth

Poverty Rate

11%


Number of Employees

386,887

0.66% decline

Median Property Value

$194,700

5.76% growth

About

In 2017, North Dakota had a population of 755k people with a median age of 35.4 and a median household income of $61,843. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of North Dakota declined from 757,953 to 755,393, a -0.338% decrease and its median household income grew from $60,656 to $61,843, a 1.96% increase.

The population of North Dakota is 84.4% White Alone, 5.39% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 3.51% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in North Dakota speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in North Dakota are University of North Dakota (3,409 degrees awarded in 2016), North Dakota State University-Main Campus (3,067 degrees), and Bismarck State College (1,155 degrees).

The median property value in North Dakota is $194,700, and the homeownership rate is 63.4%. Most people in North Dakota commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 15.8 minutes. The average car ownership in North Dakota is 2 cars per household.

North Dakota borders Minnesota, Montana, and South Dakota.

Economy

The economy of North Dakota employs 387k people. The largest industries in North Dakota are Construction (31,821 people), Hospitals (23,507 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (21,606 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($143,964), Nondepository credit & related activities ($124,460), and Legal services ($113,559).

Median household income in North Dakota is $61,843. Males in North Dakota have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,632. The income inequality in North Dakota (measured using the Gini index) is 0.413, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$61,843

2017 value

± $1,052

1.96%

1 Year Growth

± 2.98%

Households in North Dakota have a median annual income of $61,843, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,656 in 2016, which represents a 1.96% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in North Dakota compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$59,638

Average Male Salary

± $2,769

$45,632

Average Female Salary

± $2,181

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Dakota made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $64,856 ± $77,597

  2. Two or More Races

    $53,851 ± $28,212

  3. Asian

    $51,261 ± $12,519

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Dakota workers was American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.413

2017 Wage GINI

0.423

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Dakota was 0.413 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.37% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in North Dakota was Burleigh County, ND with a value of $69,193, followed by Ward County, ND and Cass County, ND, with respective values of $64,742 and $64,704.

The following map shows all of the counties in North Dakota colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in North Dakota (79.4k out of 720k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    53,746 ± 1,609

  2. Native American

    14,234 ± 676

  3. Black

    4,804 ± 622

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in North Dakota is White, followed by Native American and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

387k

2017 Value

-0.66%

1 Year decline

± -0.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in North Dakota declined at a rate of -0.66%, from 389k employees to 387k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in North Dakota, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (11,868 people), Registered nurses (10,256 people), and Retail salespersons (9,347 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of North Dakota.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of North Dakota, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (11,868 people), Registered nurses (10,256 people), and Retail salespersons (9,347 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, North Dakota has an unusually high number of residents working as Buyers & purchasing agents, farm products (8.7 times higher than expected), Medical transcriptionists (7.16 times), and Farmers, ranchers, & other agricultural managers (6.51 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of North Dakota, by average salary, are Personal financial advisors ($198,313), Physicians & surgeons ($159,126), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($158,315).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

387k

2017 Value

-0.66%

1 Year decline

± -0.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in North Dakota declined at a rate of -0.66%, from 389k employees to 387k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in North Dakota, are Construction (31,821 people), Hospitals (23,507 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (21,606 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of North Dakota, though some of these residents may live in North Dakota and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in North Dakota, by number of employees, are Construction (31,821 people), Hospitals (23,507 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (21,606 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, North Dakota has an unusually high number of Farm product raw material merchant wholesalers (16.6 times higher than expected), Agricultural implement manufacturing (13.7 times), and Coal mining (12.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in North Dakota, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($143,964), Nondepository credit & related activities ($124,460), and Legal services ($113,559).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $46.1B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound false product (by dollars) was Crude petroleum with $46.1B, followed by Cereal grains with $11.4B and Other ag prods. and $10.7B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound false products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$115B

2015 Value

$123B

Projected 2045 Value

6.79% growth

In 2015, total outbound false trade was $115B. This is expected to increase 6.79% to $123B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound false trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.8B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $8.57B

In 2015, the top outbound false domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $12.8B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Illinois and $8.57B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that false shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.5% of the population of North Dakota has health coverage, with 55.1% on employee plans, 8.52% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 16% on non-group plans, and 2.12% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of North Dakota was $9,851 in 2014. This is a 4.97% increase from the previous year ($9,385).

Primary care physicians in North Dakota see 1333 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.22% increase from the previous year (1279 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1553 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 606 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Rolette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Rolette County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1333 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in North Dakota see an average of 1333 patients per year. This represents a 4.22% increase from the previous year (1279 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Dakota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$9,851

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,410

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,413

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,461

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.97%, from $9,385 to $9,851.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.53%

Uninsured

55.1%

Employer Coverage

8.52%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

16%

Non-Group

2.12%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in North Dakota grew by 7.08% from 7.03% to 7.53%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in North Dakota changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 13% prevalence

  3. 12.7% prevalence

Rolette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Dakota, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

North Dakota is home to a population of 755k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.54% of North Dakota residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of North Dakota is composed of 637k White Alone residents (84.4%), 40.7k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (5.39%), 26.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.51%), 22.8k Black or African American Alone residents (3.02%), 12.9k Two or More Races residents (1.71%), 12.7k Asian Alone residents (1.68%), 1.91k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.253%), and 540 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0715%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in North Dakota are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in North Dakota was 35.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in North Dakota are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all North Dakota residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.54%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.21%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.54% of North Dakota residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in North Dakota was 3.21%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in North Dakota compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,635 ± 1,666 people

  2. Canada

    3,983 ± 1,545 people

  3. Philippines

    3,445 ± 1,438 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 4,635 North Dakota residents, followed by Canada with 3,983 and Philippines with 3,445.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.5% of North Dakota residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in North Dakota was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in North Dakota compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    637k ± 1.32k

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    40.7k ± 2.19k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    26.5k ± 2.56k

In 2017, there were 15.6 times more White Alone residents (637k people) in North Dakota than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40.7k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 26.5k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in North Dakota as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of North Dakota citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in North Dakota was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of North Dakota are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    14,773 ± 1,475

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    11,064 ± 1,922

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,448 ± 1,219

North Dakota has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.34 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in North Dakota awarded 12,385 degrees. The student population of North Dakota is skewed towards women, with 26,771 male students and 27,843 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in North Dakota are White (9,958 and 84.8%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (477 and 4.06%), Unknown (354 and 3.01%), and Black or African American (305 and 2.6%).

The largest universities in North Dakota by number of degrees awarded are University of North Dakota (3,409 and 27.5%), North Dakota State University-Main Campus (3,067 and 24.8%), and Bismarck State College (1,155 and 9.33%).

The most popular majors in North Dakota are Liberal Arts & Sciences (788 and 6.36%), Registered Nursing (645 and 5.21%), and General Business Administration & Management (502 and 4.05%).

The median tuition costs in North Dakota are $13,962 for private four year colleges, and $5,138 and $7,785 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 303 degrees awarded

  2. 466 degrees awarded

  3. 307 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in North Dakota was General Business Administration & Management with 303 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in North Dakota according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,409 degrees awarded

  2. 3,067 degrees awarded

  3. 1,155 degrees awarded

$5,138

Median In-State Public

$13,962

Median Private

In 2016, the North Dakota institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of North Dakota with 3,409 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,653

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,732

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,653 men were awarded degrees from institutions in North Dakota, which is 0.84 times less than the 6,732 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in North Dakota by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,958 degrees awarded

  2. American Indian or Alaska Native

    477 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    354 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in North Dakota were to White students. These 9,958 degrees mean that there were 20.9 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 477 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in North Dakota was $194,700 in 2017, which is 0.895 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $184,100 to $194,700, a 5.76% increase. The homeownership rate in North Dakota is 63.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in North Dakota have an average commute time of 15.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in North Dakota is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$61,843

Median Household Income

± $1,052

316k

Number of Households

± 8,335

In 2017, the median household income of the 316k households in North Dakota grew to $61,843 from the previous year's value of $60,656.

The following chart displays the households in North Dakota distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$194,700

2017 Median

± $5,102

$184,100

2016 Median

± $3,927

In 2017, the median property value in North Dakota grew to to $194,700 from the previous year's value of $184,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in North Dakota compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North Dakota the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in North Dakota distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North Dakota the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

63.4%

2017 Homeownership

63.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.4% of the housing units in North Dakota were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in North Dakota compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in North Dakota distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in North Dakota have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

15.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in North Dakota have a shorter commute time (15.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.49% of the workforce in North Dakota have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in North Dakota compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.6%

  2. Carpooled

    8.18%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.63%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in North Dakota was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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