Geological & Earth Sciences

Stem Major

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Total Degrees​
Awarded in 2016

9,737

growing 2.27%

Median In-State​
Public Tuition

$7,020

growing 3.62%

Median Out-of-State​
Private Tuition

$44,694

growing 2.8%

Average Wage

$106,688

growing 3.21%

People in Workforce

1.08M

growing 0.935%

Average Employee Age

45.4

growing 0.0653%

About

The locations with the highest concentration of Geological & Earth Sciences degree recipients are Houston, TX, Mississippi State, MS, and State College, PA. The locations with a relatively high number of Geological & Earth Sciences degree recipients are Ashland, WI, Naval Academy, MD, and Socorro, NM. The most common degree awarded to students studying Geological & Earth Sciences is a bachelors degree.

Institutions

Information about the types of higher education institutions that grant degrees in Geological & Earth Sciences and the types of students that study this field. Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus awards the most degrees in Geological & Earth Sciences in the US, but United States Coast Guard Academy and Northland College have the highest percentage of degrees awarded in Geological & Earth Sciences.

Tuition costs for Geological & Earth Sciences majors are, on average, $7,020 for in-state public colleges, and $44,694 for out of state private colleges.

The most common sector, by number of institutions, that offers Geological & Earth Sciences programs are Public, 4-year or above institutions (319 total). The most common sector, by number of degrees awarded, is Public, 4-year or above (7,918 completions).

Institutions

Institution with the Most Degrees Awarded in Geological & Earth Sciences

The most common sector, by number of degrees awarded in Geological & Earth Sciences, is Public, 4-year or above (7,918 completions).

The following chart shows the share of universities that offer Geological & Earth Sciences programs, by the total number of completions, colored and grouped by their sector.

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Tuition Costs for Common Institutions

$7,020

Median In-State Public

$44,694

Median Out of State Private

Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus has the most Geological & Earth Sciences degree recipients, with 183 degrees awarded in 2016.

The following bar chart shows the state tuition for the top 5 institutions with the most degrees awarded in Geological & Earth Sciences.

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Specialized Colleges

Out of all institutions that offer Geological & Earth Sciences programs and have at least 5 graduates in those programs, United States Coast Guard Academy and Northland College have the highest percentage of degrees awarded in Geological & Earth Sciences, with 12.8% and 6.33%, respectively.

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Degrees Awarded by County

Counties with the Most Degrees Awarded in Geological & Earth Sciences

This map shows the counties in the United States colored by the highest number of degrees awarded in Geological & Earth Sciences by year.

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Growth in Awarded Degrees

Counties with the Fastest Growing Number of Degrees Awarded

This map shows the counties in the United States colored by the highest growth in degrees awarded for Geological & Earth Sciences.

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Employment

Information on the businesses and industries that employ Physical Sciences graduates and on wages and locations for those in the field.

The average salary for Physical Sciences majors is $106,688 and the most common occupations are Postsecondary teachers, Miscellaneous managers, and Physicians & surgeons.

The industry that employs the most Physical Sciences majors is Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges, though the highest paying industry, by average wage, is Offices of physicians.

Wages

Yearly Income for Common Jobs

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

$106,688

Average Wage in Workforce

± $2,500

3.21%

1 Year Growth

± 3.23%

The average salary for Physical Sciences majors is $106,688 and the most common occupations are Postsecondary teachers, Miscellaneous managers, and Physicians & surgeons.

This chart shows the average annual salaries of the most common occupations for Physical Sciences majors.

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Highest Paying Locations

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

This map shows the public use micro areas (PUMAs) in the United States colored by the average salary of Physical Sciences majors.

Note that the census collects information tied to where people live, not where they work. It is possible that Physical Sciences majors live and work in the same place, but it is also possible that they live and work in two different places.

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Occupations

Most Common

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

The most common occupations Physical Sciences majors, by number of employees, are Postsecondary teachers, Miscellaneous managers, and Physicians & surgeons.

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Most Specialized

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

Compared to other majors, there are an unusually high number of Physical Sciences majors working as Astronomers & physicists, Environmental scientists & geoscientists, and Chemists & materials scientists.

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Highest Paid

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

The highest paid occupations by median income for Physical Sciences majors are Physicians & surgeons, Aircraft pilots & flight engineers, and Chief executives & legislators.

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Occupations by Share

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

1.08M

2017 Workforce

± 25,464

0.935%

1 Year Growth

± 3.3%

The number of Physical Sciences graduates in the workforce has been growing at a rate of 0.935%, from 1.07M in 2016 to 1.08M in 2017.

The largest single share of Physical Sciences graduates go on to work as Postsecondary teachers (9.35%). This chart shows the various jobs filled by those with a major in Physical Sciences by share of the total number of graduates.

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Industries

Most Common

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

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Highest Paid

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

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Industries by Share

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

1.08M

2017 Workforce

± 25,464

0.935%

1 Year Growth

± 3.3%

The number of Physical Sciences graduates in the workforce has been growing at a rate of 0.935%, from 1.07M in 2016 to 1.08M in 2017.

The industry which employs the most Physical Sciences graduates by share is Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges, followed by Hospitals. This visualization shows the industries that hire those who major in Physical Sciences.

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Specialty Locations

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

This map shows the public use micro areas (PUMAs) in the United States where there are a relatively high population of Physical Sciences majors.

Note that the census collects information tied to where people live, not where they work. It is possible that Physical Sciences majors live and work in the same place, but it is also possible that they live and work in two different places.

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Diversity

Demographic information on those who earn a degree in Physical Sciences in the US. The average age of a person in the workforce with a degree in Physical Sciences is 45.4, and the most common degree type these workers hold is a Bachelors Degree. Male employees are more likely to hold Physical Sciences degrees, and White students earn the majority (6,954) of the degrees.

Workforce Age

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

45.4

Average Age in 2017

± 0.33 Years

0.0653%

1 Year Change

± 1.02%

This chart shows distribution of ages for employees with a degree in Physical Sciences. The most common ages of employees with this major are 31 and 30 years old, which represent 2.7% and 2.68% of the population, respectively.

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Degrees Awarded

The most common degree types awarded to students graduating in Geological & Earth Sciences are Bachelors Degree, Masters Degree, and Research Doctorate.

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Workforce Degrees

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

The most common degree types held by the working population in Physical Sciences are Bachelors Degree, Masters Degree, and Doctorate degree.

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Gender Imbalance for Common Institutions

Male (59.5%)

Most Common Gender with a Degree in this Field

This chart shows the granted degrees by gender at the 5 institutions that graduate the most students in Geological & Earth Sciences.

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Race & Ethnicity by Degrees Awarded

Most Common Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    6,954 degrees awarded

  2. Non-resident Alien

    824 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    783 degrees awarded

This chart shows the number of degrees awarded in Geological & Earth Sciences for each race & ethnicity. White students earned the largest share of the degrees with this major.

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Race & Ethnicity by Gender

Most Common Race/Ethnicity and Gender Combination

  1. White Male

    3,175 degrees awarded

  2. White Female

    1,918 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino Male

    356 degrees awarded

This chart illustrates the differences by gender for each race & ethnicity of Bachelors Degree recipients in Geological & Earth Sciences. White Male students, who earn most of the degrees in this field, are the most common combination of race/ethnicity and gender.

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Global Diversity

The closest comparable data for the 4 Digit Course Geological & Earth Sciences is from the 2 Digit Course Physical Sciences.

Most Common Countries of Origin

  1. China

    53,111 degree recipients

  2. India

    47,868 degree recipients

  3. Korea

    13,049 degree recipients

High Relative Number of Students

  1. Norway

    8.19 times more than expected

  2. Sri Lanka

    5.9 times more than expected

  3. United Kingdom, not specified

    5.21 times more than expected

There are a relatively high number of people that were born in Norway that hold Physical Sciences degrees (8.19 times more than expected), and the most common country of origin by total numbers for non-US students earning a degree in this field is China (53,111 degree recipients).

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Skills

Data on the critical and distinctive skills necessary for those working in the Geological & Earth Sciences field from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Geological & Earth Sciences majors need many skills, but most especially Reading Comprehension. The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) shows that Geological & Earth Sciences majors need more than the average amount of Science, Technology Design, and Operations Analysis.

These two visualizations, one a radial chart and one a bar chart, show the same information, a rating of how necessary the following skills are for Geological & Earth Sciences majors. Toggle between "value" and "RCA" to see the absolute rating of that skill (value) and the revealed comparative advantage (RCA), or how much greater or lesser that skill's rating is than the average. The longer the bar or the closer the line comes to the circumference of the circle, the more important that skill is. The importance of Science is very distinctive for majors, but the Reading Comprehension, Writing, and Active Listening are the three most important skills for people in the field.

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Bar Chart

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