Doctoral Universities

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2019 Undergraduate Tuition
$11,430
0.105% growth from 2018
2019 Average Net Price
$17,511
After Financial Aid
2019 Acceptance Rate
50.9%
6,478,970 Applicants
2019 Enrolled Students
6,710,694
77.6% Full-Time
2018 Graduation Rate
68.8%
525,793 Graduates

About

Doctoral Universities is a Carnegie Classification grouping of higher education institutions. In 2016, the most popular Bachelor's Degree concentrations at Doctoral Universities were General Psychology (53,719 degrees awarded), General Business Administration & Management (52,672 degrees), and Registered Nursing (51,173 degrees).

In 2019, 1,837,230 degrees were awarded across all undergraduate and graduate programs at Doctoral Universities. 56% of these degrees were awarded to women, and 44% awarded men. The most common race/ethnicity group of degree recipients was white (964,759 degrees), 4.34 times more than then the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (222105 degrees).

The median undergraduate tuition at Doctoral Universities is $11,430, which is $1,350 more than than the national median of $10,080. The cost of out-of-state tuition is $28,500, which is 249% of the cost for in-state students, and is $13,915 more than than the national median $14,585.

Costs

The median in-state tuition for Doctoral Universities is $11,430, which is $1,280 more than than the national median in-state tuition of $10,150. The cost of out-of-state tuition is $28,500, which is 249% of the cost for in-state students, and is $13,915 more than than the national median out-of-state tuition of $14,585.

After taking grants and loans into account, the average net price for students is $17,511.

Student Expenses

Tuition Costs

$11,430
2019 Undergraduate Tuition

In 2019, the cost of out-of-state tuition at Doctoral Universities was $28,500, which is 249% of the cost for in-state students, which was $11,430. The cost of out-of-state tuition at Doctoral Universities is $13,915 more than than the overall (public and private) national median of $14,585, and the in-state tuition is $1,280 more than than the overall (public and private) national median $10,150.

This chart compares the tuition costs of Doctoral Universities (in red) with those of other similar universities.

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Average Net Price

$17,511
2019 Value
1.18%
1 Year Growth

In 2019 Doctoral Universities had an average net price — the price paid after factoring in grants and loans — of $17,511. Between 2018 and 2019, the average net price of Doctoral Universities grew by 1.18%.

This chart compares the average net price of Doctoral Universities (in red) with that of other similar universities.

Average net price is calculated from full-time beginning undergraduate students who were awarded a grant or scholarship from federal, state or local governments, or the institution.

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Other Student Expenses

$11,262
Room and Board
$1,200
Books and Supplies

The average yearly cost of room and board at Doctoral Universities was of $11,262 in 2019. During the same period, the average yearly cost of books and supplies was $1,200. The cost of room and board increased by 2.64% between 2018 and 2019. The cost of books and supplies did not change during the same period.

This chart compares the average student costs at Doctoral Universities (in red) with that of similar universities.

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Financial Aid

Financial Aid by Income Level

67%
Of Undergraduates Receive Grants
43%
Of Undergraduates Receive Federal Loans

67% of undergraduate students at Doctoral Universities received grants or loans in 2019. This represents a growth of 0% with respect to 2018, when 67% of undergraduate students received financial aid.

This chart compares the average award discount at Doctoral Universities (in red) with that of other similar universities.

The average award discount is the ratio between the average grant or scholarship value, and the cost, which is the sum of out-of-state tuition, room, board, book, supplies, and other expenses.

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Admissions

Doctoral Universities received 6,478,970 undergraduate applications in 2019, which represents a 3.67% annual growth. Out of those 6,478,970 applicants, 3,298,527 students were accepted for enrollment, representing a 50.9% acceptance rate.

There were 6,710,694 students enrolled at Doctoral Universities in 2019, and 58.9% of first-time enrollees submitted SAT scores with their applications.

Doctoral Universities has an overall enrollment yield of 26.8%, which represents the number of admitted students who ended up enrolling.

Acceptance Rate

50.9%
Acceptance Rate in 2019
3,298,527
Accepted Out of 6,478,970

In 2019, the undergraduate acceptance rate of Doctoral Universities was 50.9% (3,298,527 admissions from 6,478,970 applications). This is higher than the acceptance rate of 2018, which was 50.1%. Between 2018 and 2019, the number of applicants grew by 3.67%, while admissions grew by 5.27%.

This chart compares the acceptance rate of Doctoral Universities (in red) with that of other similar universities.

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SAT Scores

58.9%
Submission Percentage
507,267
Scores Submitted

58.9% of enrolled first-time students at Doctoral Universities in 2019 submitted SAT scores with their applications.

This chart shows the SAT scores for the 25th and 75th percentile of applicants broken out into each section of the test that their are evaluated on.

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Enrollment

Doctoral Universities has a total enrollment of 6,710,694 students. The full-time enrollment at Doctoral Universities is 5,208,993 students and the part-time enrollment is 1,501,701. This means that 77.6% of students enrolled at Doctoral Universities are enrolled full-time.

The enrolled student population at Doctoral Universities, both undergraduate and graduate, is 50.3% White, 14.3% Hispanic or Latino, 9.48% Black or African American, 8.41% Asian, 3.78% Two or More Races, 0.379% American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.161% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders.

Students enrolled at Doctoral Universities in full-time Undergraduate programs are most commonly White Female (27.2%), followed by White Male (24.8%) and Hispanic or Latino Female (9.05%). Students enrolled in full-time Graduate programs are most commonly White Female (25%), followed by White Male (18.4%) and Hispanic or Latino Female (5.47%).

Full-Time vs Part-Time Enrollment

77.6%
Full-Time Enrollment

The total enrollment at Doctoral Universities, both undergraduate and graduate, is 6,710,694 students. The full-time enrollment at Doctoral Universities is 5,208,993 and the part-time enrollment is 1,501,701. This means that 77.6% of students enrolled at Doctoral Universities are enrolled full-time.

This chart shows the full-time vs part-time enrollment status at Doctoral Universities (in red) compares to similar universities.

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Retention Rate over Time

83%
2019 Retention Rate

Retention rate measures the number of first-time students who began their studies the previous fall and returned to school the following fall. The retention rate for full-time undergraduates at Doctoral Universities was 83%. Compared with the full-time retention rate at similar (83%), Doctoral Universities had a retention rate approximately the same as its peers.

This chart shows the retention rate over time at Doctoral Universities (highlighted in red) compares to similar universities.

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Enrollment by Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    3,375,990
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    958,257
  3. Black or African American
    636,464

The enrolled student population at Doctoral Universities is 50.3% White, 14.3% Hispanic or Latino, 9.48% Black or African American, 8.41% Asian, 3.78% Two or More Races, 0.379% American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.161% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders. This includes both full-time and part-time students as well as graduate and undergraduates.

Any student who is studying in the United States on a temporary basis is categorized as a "Non-Resident Alien", and the share of those students are shown in the chart below. Additionally, 264,580 students (3.94%) did not report their race.

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Graduates

In 2019, 219856 more women than men received degrees from Doctoral Universities. The most common race/ethnicity group of degree recipients at Doctoral Universities is white (964,759 degrees awarded). There were 4.34 times more white graduates than the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (222105 degrees).

The most common Bachelor's Degree concentration at Doctoral Universities is General Psychology (53,719 degrees awarded), followed by General Business Administration & Management (52,672 degrees) and Registered Nursing (51,173 degrees).

The most specialized majors across all degree types at Doctoral Universities, meaning they have significantly more degrees awarded in that concentration than the national average across all institutions, are Engineering (162,319 degrees awarded), Architecture and Related Services (13,564 degrees), and Cultural & Gender Studies (11,502 degrees).

Workforce

Common Jobs by Major

Most Common Job

The most common jobs for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Software developers (456,250 people), Miscellaneous engineers, including nuclear engineers (332,657 people), Other managers (322,100 people), Civil engineers (271,383 people), and Mechanical engineers (201,657 people).

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Engineering (162,319 degrees awarded), Architecture and Related Services (13,564 degrees), Cultural & Gender Studies (11,502 degrees), Math & Statistics (32,836 degrees), and Library Science (3,966 degrees).

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Highest Paying Jobs by Major

The highest paying jobs for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Securities, commodities, & financial services sales agents, Surgeons, Other financial specialists, Physicians, and Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Engineering (162,319 degrees awarded), Architecture and Related Services (13,564 degrees), Cultural & Gender Studies (11,502 degrees), Math & Statistics (32,836 degrees), and Library Science (3,966 degrees).

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Common Industries by Major

The most common industries for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Architectural, engineering & related services (539,544 people), Computer Systems Design (468,793 people), Construction (302,544 people), Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (243,304 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (180,176 people).

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Engineering (162,319 degrees awarded), Architecture and Related Services (13,564 degrees), Cultural & Gender Studies (11,502 degrees), Math & Statistics (32,836 degrees), and Library Science (3,966 degrees).

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Degrees

Majors Awarded

IPEDS uses the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) standard, so the categories may not match the exact concentrations offered by Doctoral Universities.
Most Common
  1. 53719 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 52672 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 51173 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common bachelors degree concentration at Doctoral Universities was General Psychology with 53719 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of degree-majors recipients from bachelors degree programs at Doctoral Universities according to their major.

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Gender Breakdown for Common Majors

808,687
Degrees Awarded to Men
in 2019
1,028,543
Degrees Awarded to Women
in 2019

In 2019, 808,687 degrees were awarded to men at Doctoral Universities, which is 0.786 times less than the number of degrees awarded to females (1,028,543).

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 majors at Doctoral Universities by degrees awarded.

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Most Common Male Majors

In 2019, 64749 degrees were awarded to men at Doctoral Universities in General Business Administration & Management, which is 1.27 times more than the 51051 female recipients with that same degree.

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Most Common Female Majors

In 2019, 55669 degrees were awarded to women at Doctoral Universities in Registered Nursing, which is 6.52 times more than the 8536 male recipients with that same degree.

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Time to Complete

42%
100% Completion Time
64%
150% Completion Time

In 2019, 42% of students graduating from Doctoral Universities completed their program within 100% "normal time" (i.e. 4 years for a 4-year degree). Comparatively, 64% completed their degrees within 150% of the normal time, and 66% within 200%.

The following chart shows these completion rates over time compared to the average for the Carnegie Classification group.

Graduation rate is defined as the percentage of full-time, first-time students who received a degree or award within a specific percentage of "normal time" to completion for their program.

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Diversity

Graduation Rate by Race and Gender

Showing demographic groups with ≥ 5 graduating students.
Asian Female
Highest Graduation Rate (83.1%)

The student demographic with the highest graduation rate at Doctoral Universities is Female and Asian (83.1% graduation rate). Across all , Asian Female students have the highest graduation rate (69.1%).

The department of education defines graduation rate as the percentage of full-time, first-time students who received a degree or award within 150% of "normal time" to completion.

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) categorizes any student who is studying in the United States on a temporary basis as a "Non-Resident Alien", and the graduation rate of those students is shown in the chart below. Additionally, 2.36% of graduates (12429 students) did not report their race.

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Race & Ethnicity by Share

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    964,759 degrees awarded
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    222,105 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    150,102 degrees awarded

The most common race/ethnicity at Doctoral Universities is white (964,759 degrees awarded). There were 4.34 times more white recipients than the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (222105 degrees).

3.98% of degree recipients (73,135 students) did not report their race.

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Race & Ethnicity by Gender

Most Common Gender Demographic
  1. White Female
    538,367 degrees awarded
  2. White Male
    426,392 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino Female
    134,238 degrees awarded

The most common race/ethnicity and gender grouping at Doctoral Universities is white female (538,367 degrees awarded). There were 1.26 times more white female recipients than the next closest race/ethnicity group, white male (426,392 degrees).

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Operations

Doctoral Universities has an endowment valued at nearly $311M, as of the end of the 2019 fiscal year. The return on its endowment was of $29.3B (9.41k%), compared to the 4.24% average return ($13.2M on $311M) across all .

In 2019, Doctoral Universities had a total salary expenditure of $552M. Doctoral Universities employs 88,662 Professors, 69,913 Associate professors, and 65,348 Assistant professors. Most academics at Doctoral Universities are Male Professors (62,418), Male Associate professors(39,068), and Female Assistant professors (32,802).

The most common positions for non-instructional staff at Doctoral Universities are: Office and Administrative Support, with 137557 employees, Computer, Engineering, and Science, with 122256 employees, and Business and Financial Operations with 117270 employees.

Finances

Endowment

$311M
2019 Endowment
2.79%
growth from 2018

Doctoral Universities have a median endowment valued at about $311M, as of the end of the 2019 fiscal year. The endowment of Doctoral Universities grew 2.79% from the previous year.

This line chart shows how the endowment at Doctoral Universities (in red) compares to that of some similar universities.

The small bar chart below shows the endowment quintiles for all universities in the Doctoral Universities Carnegie Classification grouping.

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Government Grants and Contracts

Grants & Contracts
  1. $41.7B - Federal
  2. $4.62B - State
  3. $935M - Local

As of 2019, Doctoral Universities received $41.7B in grants and contracts from the federal government, $4.62B from state grants and contracts, and $935M from local grants and contracts.

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Expenses

Salary Expenditure

$234M
2019 Salaries
2.82%
growth from 2018

In 2019, Doctoral Universities paid a median of $234M in salaries, which represents 42.4% of their overall expenditure ($552M) and a 2.82% growth from the previous year. This is compared to a 6.24% growth from 2017 and a 6.61% growth from 2016.

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Instructional Salaries

$31.3B
Instructional Salaries
283,156
Number of Employees

In 2019, Doctoral Universities paid a total of $31.3B to 283,156 employees working as instructors, which represents 19.2% of all salaries paid.

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Faculty and Staff

Occupations by Share

Professor
Most Common Instructor
88662 Employees
Office and Administrative Support
Most Common Non-Instructional Employee
137557 Employees

In 2019, the most common positions for instructional staff at Doctoral Universities were Professor with 88,662 employees; Associate professor with 69,913 employees; and Associate professor with 65,348 employees.

In 2019, the most common positions for non-instructional staff at Doctoral Universities were Office and Administrative Support with 137,557 employees; Computer, Engineering, and Science with 122,256 employees; and Business and Financial Operations with 117,270 employees.

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Instructors by Academic Rank and Gender

Most Common Demographic
  1. Male Professor
  2. Male Associate professor
  3. Female Assistant professor

In 2019, the most common demographic for instructional staff at Doctoral Universities was Male Professor with 62,418 employees, Male Associate professor with 39,068 employees, and Female Assistant professor with 32,802 employees.

This chart shows the gender split between each academic rank present at Doctoral Universities.

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