Firefighters

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Total Workforce
304k
Average Age
38.6
Average Salary
$70,417
Average Male Salary
$70,950
Average Female Salary
$58,385

Employment

Information on the businesses and industries that employ Firefighters and on wages and locations for those in the field. Justice, public order, & safety activities is the industry that employs the most Firefighters, both by share and by number, though the highest paid industry for Firefighters, by average wage, is Petroleum refining. Firefighters are paid most in Franklin & Hampshire (North) Counties PUMA, MA but are relatively concentrated in Tottenville, Great Kills & Annadale PUMA, NY.

Wages

Yearly Wage

$70,417
AVERAGE SALARY
± $1,686

In 2018, Firefighters earned an average of $70,417, $16,528 more than than the average national salary of $53,888.

Audiologists make somewhat more than Firefighters while School psychologists make somewhat less. This chart shows the various occupations closest to Firefighters as measured by average annual salary in the US.

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Wage Distribution

0.278
WAGE GINI

In 2018, Firefighters had a wage GINI coefficient of 0.278, which is lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly for Firefighters (shown in red) than for the overall labor force (shown in gray).

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Wage by Location

This map shows the Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States shaded by average annual wage for Firefighters.

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Spatial Concentration

This map displays which Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States have a relatively high population of Firefighters.

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Industries

Most Common

The most common industries employing Firefighters, by number of employees, are Justice, public order, & safety activities , Executive offices & legislative bodies, and National security & international affairs.

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Industries by Share

304k
2018 Workforce
± 13,514
2.61%
1 YEAR GROWTH
± 6.17%

The number of people employed as Firefighters has been growing at a rate of 2.61%, from 295,874 people in 2017 to 303,594 people in 2018.

This graphic shows the share of Firefighters employed by various industries. Justice, public order, & safety activities employs the largest share of Firefighters at  91.8%, followed by Executive offices & legislative bodies with 1.78% and National security & international affairs with 1.59%.

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Diversity

Demographic information on Firefighters in the US. The average age of male Firefighters in the workforce is 38.7 and of female Firefighters is 36.3, and the most common race/ethnicity for Firefighters is White (Non-Hispanic).

Gender Composition

291k
MALE WORKFORCE
± 13,224
12.9k
FEMALE WORKFORCE
± 2,788

95.8% of Firefighters are Male, making them the more common gender in the occupation. This chart shows the gender breakdown of Firefighters.

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Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity of Firefighters
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
  2. White (Hispanic)
  3. Black (Non-Hispanic)

75.6% of Firefighters are White (Non-Hispanic), making that the most common race or ethnicity in the occupation. Representing 8.04% of Firefighters, White (Hispanic) is the second most common race or ethnicity in this occupation. This chart shows the racial and ethnic breakdown of Firefighters.

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Age by Gender

38.7
AVERAGE MALE AGE
± 0.481
36.3
AVERAGE FEMALE AGE
± 2.44

The median age of Firefighters is 38.6, and Male employees are generally 2.37 years older than than their Female counterparts.

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Education

Data on higher education choices for Firefighters from The Department of Education and Census Bureau. The most common major for Firefighters is Protective Services but a relatively high number of Firefighters hold a major in Protective Services.

Majors

ACS PUMS data only shows the major for bachelor's degree-majorss. However, we can filter the data based on highest degree-majors obtained.
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Skills

Data on the critical and distinctive skills necessary for Firefighters from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Firefighters need many skills, but most especially Coordination and Monitoring. The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) shows that Firefighters need more than the average amount of Repairing, Equipment Maintenance, and Equipment Selection.

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