Winchester city, VA

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Population

27,516

0.611% growth

Median Age

37.6


Median Household Income

$49,330

6.16% growth

Poverty Rate

12.5%


Number of Employees

13,358

4.25% growth

Median Property Value

$226,200

3.48% growth

About

In 2017, Winchester city, VA had a population of 27.5k people with a median age of 37.6 and a median household income of $49,330. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Winchester city, VA grew from 27,349 to 27,516, a 0.611% increase and its median household income grew from $46,466 to $49,330, a 6.16% increase.

The population of Winchester city, VA is 67% White Alone, 16.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 9.73% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Winchester city, VA speak a non-English language, and 91.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Winchester city, VA are Shenandoah University (1,128 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Winchester city, VA is $226,200, and the homeownership rate is 45.6%. Most people in Winchester city, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Winchester city, VA is 2 cars per household.

Winchester city, VA borders Frederick County, VA.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

Economy

The economy of Winchester city, VA employs 13.4k people. The largest industries in Winchester city, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,060 people), Retail Trade (1,466 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (1,354 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($91,033), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($69,659), and Public Administration ($66,332).

Median household income in Winchester city, VA is $49,330. Males in Winchester city, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Winchester city, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,330

2017 value

± $3,199

6.16%

1 Year Growth

± 7.32%

Households in Winchester city, VA have a median annual income of $49,330, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,466 in 2016, which represents a 6.16% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Winchester city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Winchester city, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 2.02

  2. Census Tract 2.01

  3. Census Tract 3.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Winchester city, VA was Census Tract 2.02 with a value of $77,625, followed by Census Tract 2.01 and Census Tract 3.01, with respective values of $48,500 and $45,662.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Winchester city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Winchester city, VA (3.32k out of 26.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,424 ± 390

  2. Hispanic

    1,178 ± 301

  3. Two Or More

    400 ± 229

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Winchester city, VA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

13.4k

2017 Value

± 890

4.25%

1 Year growth

± 8.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Winchester city, VA grew at a rate of 4.25%, from 12.8k employees to 13.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Winchester city, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,810 people), Management Occupations (1,416 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,253 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Winchester city, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Winchester city, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,810 people), Management Occupations (1,416 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,253 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Winchester city, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.84 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.6 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.54 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Winchester city, VA, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($100,125), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($95,459), and Legal Occupations ($87,788).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

13.4k

2017 Value

± 890

4.25%

1 Year growth

± 8.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Winchester city, VA grew at a rate of 4.25%, from 12.8k employees to 13.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Winchester city, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,060 people), Retail Trade (1,466 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (1,354 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Winchester city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Winchester city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Winchester city, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,060 people), Retail Trade (1,466 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (1,354 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Winchester city, VA has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.87 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.53 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Winchester city, VA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($91,033), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($69,659), and Public Administration ($66,332).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($26B) and Electronics ($22.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.6% of the population of Winchester city, VA has health coverage, with 43% on employee plans, 13.9% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 14.5% on non-group plans, and 2.32% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Winchester city, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Winchester city, VA see 350 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.63% decrease from the previous year (367 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 562 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 213 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

350 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Winchester city, VA see an average of 350 patients per year. This represents a 4.63% decrease from the previous year (367 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Winchester city, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.4%

Uninsured

43%

Employer Coverage

13.9%

Medicaid

10.9%

Medicare

14.5%

Non-Group

2.32%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Winchester city, VA declined by 6.87% from 16.5% to 15.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Winchester city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Winchester city, VA is home to a population of 27.5k people, from which 91.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.8% of Winchester city, VA residents were born outside of the country (3.25k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Winchester city, VA is composed of 18.4k White Alone residents (67%), 4.65k Hispanic or Latino residents (16.9%), 2.68k Black or African American Alone residents (9.73%), 1.11k Two or More Races residents (4.05%), 553 Asian Alone residents (2.01%), 66 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.24%), 13 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0472%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Winchester city, VA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Winchester city, VA was 37.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Winchester city, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Winchester city, VA residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.25k people

11.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.19k people

As of 2017, 11.8% of Winchester city, VA residents (3.25k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Winchester city, VA was 11.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Winchester city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

91.9%

2017 Citizenship

90.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 91.9% of Winchester city, VA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Winchester city, VA was 90.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Winchester city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    18.4k ± 22

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    4.65k ± 570

  3. Black or African American Alone

    2.68k ± 255

In 2017, there were 3.97 times more White Alone residents (18.4k people) in Winchester city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.65k Hispanic or Latino and 2.68k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Winchester city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Winchester city, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Winchester city, VA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Winchester city, VA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    564 ± 131

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    337 ± 131

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    290 ± 118

Winchester city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.67 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Winchester city, VA awarded 1,128 degrees. The student population of Winchester city, VA is skewed towards women, with 1,350 male students and 2,568 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Winchester city, VA are White (743 and 68.9%), followed by Asian (88 and 8.16%), Black or African American (86 and 7.97%), and Unknown (75 and 6.95%).

The largest universities in Winchester city, VA by number of degrees awarded are Shenandoah University (1,128 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Winchester city, VA are Pharmacy (160 and 14.2%), Registered Nursing (115 and 10.2%), and General Education (107 and 9.49%).

The median tuition costs in Winchester city, VA are $30,132 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 35 degrees awarded

  2. 115 degrees awarded

  3. 52 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Winchester city, VA was General Psychology with 35 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Winchester city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,128 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$30,132

Median Private

In 2016, the Winchester city, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Shenandoah University with 1,128 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

353

Degrees Awarded to Men

775

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 353 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Winchester city, VA, which is 0.455 times less than the 775 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Winchester city, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    743 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    88 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    86 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Winchester city, VA were to White students. These 743 degrees mean that there were 8.44 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 88 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Winchester city, VA was $226,200 in 2017, which is 1.04 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $218,600 to $226,200, a 3.48% increase. The homeownership rate in Winchester city, VA is 45.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Winchester city, VA have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Winchester city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,330

Median Household Income

± $3,199

10.5k

Number of Households

± 706

In 2017, the median household income of the 10.5k households in Winchester city, VA grew to $49,330 from the previous year's value of $46,466.

The following chart displays the households in Winchester city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$226,200

2017 Median

± $9,290

$218,600

2016 Median

± $10,057

In 2017, the median property value in Winchester city, VA grew to to $226,200 from the previous year's value of $218,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Winchester city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Winchester city, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Winchester city, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Winchester city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

45.6%

2017 Homeownership

45.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 45.6% of the housing units in Winchester city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 45.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Winchester city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Winchester city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Winchester city, VA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Winchester city, VA have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.76% of the workforce in Winchester city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Winchester city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    67.4%

  2. Carpooled

    16.5%

  3. Walked

    6.72%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Winchester city, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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