Wapello County, IA

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Population

35,321

0.224% growth

Median Age

39.5


Median Household Income

$43,329

1.96% growth

Poverty Rate

17%


Number of Employees

16,269

0.172% decline

Median Property Value

$81,000

0.491% decline

About

In 2017, Wapello County, IA had a population of 35.3k people with a median age of 39.5 and a median household income of $43,329. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Wapello County, IA grew from 35,242 to 35,321, a 0.224% increase and its median household income grew from $42,494 to $43,329, a 1.96% increase.

The population of Wapello County, IA is 83.8% White Alone, 10.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.94% Black or African American Alone. 12.1% of the people in Wapello County, IA speak a non-English language, and 94.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Wapello County, IA are Indian Hills Community College (1,332 degrees awarded in 2016) and Iowa School of Beauty-Ottumwa (31 degrees).

The median property value in Wapello County, IA is $81,000, and the homeownership rate is 71.7%. Most people in Wapello County, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Wapello County, IA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Wapello County, IA employs 16.3k people. The largest industries in Wapello County, IA are Manufacturing (3,733 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,649 people), and Retail Trade (1,936 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($87,614), Public Administration ($47,721), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($46,667).

Median household income in Wapello County, IA is $43,329. Males in Wapello County, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Wapello County, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,329

2017 value

± $1,725

1.96%

1 Year Growth

± 5.98%

Households in Wapello County, IA have a median annual income of $43,329, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,494 in 2016, which represents a 1.96% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Wapello County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Wapello County, IA made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Wapello County, IA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Wapello County, IA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Wapello County, IA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Wapello County, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9603

  2. Census Tract 9601

  3. Census Tract 9607

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Wapello County, IA was Census Tract 9603 with a value of $58,829, followed by Census Tract 9601 and Census Tract 9607, with respective values of $56,047 and $55,189.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Wapello County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Wapello County, IA (5.86k out of 34.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,728 ± 415

  2. Hispanic

    861 ± 191

  3. Other

    506 ± 163

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Wapello County, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

16.3k

2017 Value

± 742

-0.172%

1 Year decline

± 6.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wapello County, IA declined at a rate of -0.172%, from 16.3k employees to 16.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Wapello County, IA, are Production Occupations (2,532 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,722 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,404 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Wapello County, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Wapello County, IA, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,532 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,722 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,404 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Wapello County, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.68 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.52 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.31 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Wapello County, IA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($76,250), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($65,750), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($60,598).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

16.3k

2017 Value

± 742

-0.172%

1 Year decline

± 6.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Wapello County, IA declined at a rate of -0.172%, from 16.3k employees to 16.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Wapello County, IA, are Manufacturing (3,733 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,649 people), and Retail Trade (1,936 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Wapello County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Wapello County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Wapello County, IA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,733 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,649 people), and Retail Trade (1,936 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Wapello County, IA has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.27 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.52 times), and Construction (1.26 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Wapello County, IA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($87,614), Public Administration ($47,721), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($46,667).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $18.8B

  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery with $18.8B and Other ag prods. and $18.2B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$245B

2015 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.2B

  2. $16.1B

  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.3% of the population of Wapello County, IA has health coverage, with 47.5% on employee plans, 18.5% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 1.09% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Wapello County, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Wapello County, IA see 1353 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.55% increase from the previous year (1258 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1749 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1029 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,353 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Wapello County, IA see an average of 1,353 patients per year. This represents a 7.55% increase from the previous year (1,258 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Wapello County, IA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.67%

Uninsured

47.5%

Employer Coverage

18.5%

Medicaid

12.9%

Medicare

13.2%

Non-Group

1.09%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Wapello County, IA declined by 13.8% from 7.74% to 6.67%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Wapello County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Wapello County, IA is home to a population of 35.3k people, from which 94.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.23% of Wapello County, IA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Wapello County, IA is composed of 29.6k White Alone residents (83.8%), 3.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.5%), 1.04k Black or African American Alone residents (2.94%), 487 Two or More Races residents (1.38%), 330 Asian Alone residents (0.934%), 88 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.249%), 41 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.116%), and 39 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.11%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Wapello County, IA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (3,128 speakers), African Languages (217 speakers), and Vietnamese (104 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Wapello County, IA was 39.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Wapello County, IA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Wapello County, IA residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.23%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

7.88%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 7.23% of Wapello County, IA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Wapello County, IA was 7.88%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Wapello County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Wapello County, IA was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Wapello County, IA residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

94.6%

2017 Citizenship

93.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.6% of Wapello County, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Wapello County, IA was 93.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Wapello County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    29.6k ± 41

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3.7k ± 627

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.04k ± 139

In 2017, there were 7.99 times more White Alone residents (29.6k people) in Wapello County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.7k Hispanic or Latino and 1.04k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Wapello County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    3,128 speakers (9.44%)

  2. African Languages

    217 speakers (0.655%)

  3. Vietnamese

    104 speakers (0.314%)

12.1% of Wapello County, IA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Wapello County, IA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 9.44% of the overall population of Wapello County, IA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.655% speak African Languages and 0.314% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    821 ± 117

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    326 ± 109

  3. Korea

    280 ± 89

Wapello County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.52 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Wapello County, IA awarded 1,363 degrees. The student population of Wapello County, IA is skewed towards women, with 2,148 male students and 2,275 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Wapello County, IA are White (1,077 and 81%), followed by Black or African American (131 and 9.86%), Hispanic or Latino (44 and 3.31%), and Unknown (44 and 3.31%).

The largest universities in Wapello County, IA by number of degrees awarded are Indian Hills Community College (1,332 and 97.7%) and Iowa School of Beauty-Ottumwa (31 and 2.27%).

The most popular majors in Wapello County, IA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (407 and 29.9%), Registered Nursing (214 and 15.7%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (105 and 7.7%).

The median tuition costs in Wapello County, IA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 26 degrees awarded

  2. 407 degrees awarded

  3. 156 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Wapello County, IA was Radiographer with 26 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Wapello County, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,332 degrees awarded

  2. 31 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Wapello County, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Indian Hills Community College with 1,332 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

550

Degrees Awarded to Men

813

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 550 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Wapello County, IA, which is 0.677 times less than the 813 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Wapello County, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,077 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    131 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    44 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Wapello County, IA were to White students. These 1,077 degrees mean that there were 8.22 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 131 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Wapello County, IA was $81,000 in 2017, which is 0.372 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $81,400 to $81,000, a 0.491% decrease. The homeownership rate in Wapello County, IA is 71.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Wapello County, IA have an average commute time of 17.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Wapello County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,329

Median Household Income

± $1,725

14.5k

Number of Households

± 668

In 2017, the median household income of the 14.5k households in Wapello County, IA grew to $43,329 from the previous year's value of $42,494.

The following chart displays the households in Wapello County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$81,000

2017 Median

± $2,843

$81,400

2016 Median

± $2,513

In 2017, the median property value in Wapello County, IA declined from to $81,000 from the previous year's value of $81,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Wapello County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wapello County, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Wapello County, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Wapello County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

71.7%

2017 Homeownership

72.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 71.7% of the housing units in Wapello County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 72.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Wapello County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Wapello County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Wapello County, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

17.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Wapello County, IA have a shorter commute time (17.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.39% of the workforce in Wapello County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Wapello County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.1%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.85%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Wapello County, IA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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