Ottumwa, IA

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2020 Population
35,102
0.111% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Grassley
Republican Party
US Senator
Joni Ernst
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
39.6
0% 1-year change
2020 Poverty Rate
16.6%
11.4% 1-year increase
2020 Median Household Income
$46,433
0.404% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$87,400
6.46% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
16,349
0.171% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Ottumwa, IA had a population of 35.1k people with a median age of 39.6 and a median household income of $46,433. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Ottumwa, IA declined from 35,141 to 35,102, a −0.111% decrease and its median household income grew from $46,246 to $46,433, a 0.404% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ottumwa, IA are White (Non-Hispanic) (81.4%), White (Hispanic) (5.5%), Other (Hispanic) (3.74%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.48%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.75%).

None of the households in Ottumwa, IA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.5% of the residents in Ottumwa, IA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ottumwa, IA are Indian Hills Community College (912 degrees awarded in 2020) and Iowa School of Beauty-Ottumwa (11 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Ottumwa, IA was $87,400, and the homeownership rate was 67.7%.

Most people in Ottumwa, IA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Ottumwa, IA was 2 cars per household.

Ottumwa, IA borders Fairfield, IA, Kirksville, MO, and Oskaloosa, IA.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Ottumwa, IA is home to a population of 35.1k people, from which 95.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 7.93% of Ottumwa, IA residents were born outside of the country (2.78k people).

In 2020, there were 14.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (28.6k people) in Ottumwa, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.93k White (Hispanic) and 1.31k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

95.5%
2020 Citizenship
95.1%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 95.5% of Ottumwa, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Ottumwa, IA was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ottumwa, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ottumwa, IA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    28.6k ± 18
  2. White (Hispanic)
    1.93k ± 366
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    1.31k ± 331
11%
Hispanic Population
3.84k people

In 2020, there were 14.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (28.6k people) in Ottumwa, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.93k White (Hispanic) and 1.31k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

11% of the people in Ottumwa, IA are hispanic (3.84k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Ottumwa, IA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    41,266 ± 4,955 people
  2. India
    10,872 ± 2,556 people
  3. China
    9,649 ± 2,408 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,266 Iowa residents, followed by India with 10,872 and China with 9,649.

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Foreign-Born Population

7.93%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
2.78k people
7.66%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
2.69k people

As of 2020, 7.93% of Ottumwa, IA residents (2.78k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ottumwa, IA was 7.66%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ottumwa, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    593 ± 110
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    296 ± 107
  3. Korea
    252 ± 103

Ottumwa, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Ottumwa, IA employs 16.3k people. The largest industries in Ottumwa, IA are Manufacturing (3,998 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,438 people), and Retail Trade (2,114 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($84,327), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($49,635), and Public Administration ($47,188).

Males in Iowa have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,102. The income inequality in Iowa (measured using the Gini index) is 0.438, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

16.3k
2020 Value
± 839
−0.171%
1 Year decline
± 6.89%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Ottumwa, IA declined at a rate of −0.171%, from 16.4k employees to 16.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ottumwa, IA, are Production Occupations (2,705 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,716 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1,316 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ottumwa, IA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Iowa (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

16.3k
2020 Value
± 839
−0.171%
1 Year decline
± 6.89%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Ottumwa, IA declined at a rate of −0.171%, from 16.4k employees to 16.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ottumwa, IA, are Manufacturing (3,998 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,438 people), and Retail Trade (2,114 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ottumwa, IA, though some of these residents may live in Ottumwa, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$38,211
Median earning men ± $2,559
$26,922
Median earning women ± $1,999

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($59,464), Information ($55,313), and Wholesale Trade ($51,579).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Public Administration ($42,750), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($41,932), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($38,304).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Iowa. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Iowa.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 353
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 258
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 193
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $560k
    Manufacturing
  2. $213k
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. $80.7k
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $20.9B
  2. $19.9B
  3. $18.8B

In 2020, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Machinery with $20.9B, followed by Mixed freight ($19.9B) and Meat/seafood ($18.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa.
$262B
2020 Value in Iowa
$518B
Projected 2050 Value in Iowa
97.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Iowa trade was $262B. This is expected to increase 97.9% to $518B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $23.7B
  2. $16.5B
  3. $11.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $23.7B, followed by Minnesota with $16.5B and Texas and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing the state of Iowa. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Iowa

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Chuck Grassley
Senator from Iowa3
Assumed office on January 3, 1981
Joni Ernst
Senator from Iowa2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing Iowa.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Iowa over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Iowa

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Iowa have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Ottumwa, IA awarded 923 degrees. The student population of Ottumwa, IA in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 1,569 male students and 1,723 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ottumwa, IA are White (703 and 79.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (60 and 6.81%), Black or African American (55 and 6.24%), and Two or More Races (33 and 3.75%).

The largest universities in Ottumwa, IA by number of degrees awarded are Indian Hills Community College (912 and 98.8%) and Iowa School of Beauty-Ottumwa (11 and 1.19%).

The most popular majors in Ottumwa, IA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (349 and 37.8%), Welding Technology (59 and 6.39%), and Registered Nursing (48 and 5.2%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2020 there were 3,292 students enrolled in Ottumwa, IA, 47.7% men and 52.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 2,497 records, of which 54.8% were women and 45.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 20 degree-majors awarded
  2. 349 degree-majors awarded
  3. 31 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Ottumwa, IA was Specific Applications Computer Programming with 20 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Ottumwa, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 912 degrees awarded
  2. 11 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Indian Hills Community College with 912 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2020, 441 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ottumwa, IA, which is 0.915 times less than the 482 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 703 degrees mean that there were 11.7 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 60 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($4,440) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($1,344) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Measure

In 2020, 0.541% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.593% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (734k), Some college (566k), and Bachelors Degree (451k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Ottumwa, IA was $87,400 in 2020, which is 0.38 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $82,100 to $87,400, a 6.46% increase. The homeownership rate in Ottumwa, IA is 67.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Ottumwa, IA have an average commute time of 18.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Ottumwa, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Ottumwa, IA is $46,433. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Ottumwa, IA was Dallas County, IA with a value of $88,368, followed by Warren County, IA and Mills County, IA, with respective values of $80,309 and $75,137.

Property

$87,400
Median Property Value 2020
±$5,252
$9,752
Median Property Taxes
±$557

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ottumwa, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Ottumwa, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

67.7%
Homeownership
2020
60.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 67.7% of the housing units in Ottumwa, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Ottumwa, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ottumwa, IA was Dallas County, IA with a value of $88,368, followed by Warren County, IA and Mills County, IA, with respective values of $80,309 and $75,137.

The following map shows all of the counties in Ottumwa, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$46,433
Median Household Income
± $3,029
14.4k
Number of Households
± 738

In 2020, the median household income of the 14.4k households in Ottumwa, IA grew to $46,433 from the previous year's value of $46,246.

The following chart displays the households in Ottumwa, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ottumwa, IA is from Iowa.
0.438
2020 Wage GINI in Iowa
0.442
2019 Wage GINI in Iowa

In 2020, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.438 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.914% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (83.6%)
  2. Carpooled (10.3%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.03%)

In 2020, 83.6% of workers in Ottumwa, IA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.3%) and those who worked at home (3.03%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ottumwa, IA have a shorter commute time (18.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.63% of the workforce in Ottumwa, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ottumwa, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ottumwa, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ottumwa, IA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ottumwa, IA (5.71k out of 34.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 45 - 54 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ottumwa, IA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

92.9% of the population of Ottumwa, IA has health coverage, with 44.9% on employee plans, 20.5% on Medicaid, 13.1% on Medicare, 13.3% on non-group plans, and 1.15% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Iowa was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Iowa see 1357 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.09% decrease from the previous year (1372 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1452 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 607 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Iowa. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Iowa, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
1,357 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Iowa

Primary care physicians in Iowa see an average of 1,357 patients per year. This represents a 1.09% decrease from the previous year (1,372 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Iowa in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Iowa across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.3% under 18 years, 20% between 18 and 34 years, 38.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.1%
Uninsured
44.9%
Employer Coverage
20.5%
Medicaid
13.1%
Medicare
13.3%
Non-Group
1.15%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ottumwa, IA grew by 22.7% from 5.79% to 7.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ottumwa, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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