Virginia Beach city, VA

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Population

450,435

0.479% decline

Median Age

36.2


Median Household Income

$72,586

2.07% growth

Poverty Rate

8.04%


Number of Employees

224,890

0.061% growth

Median Property Value

$282,300

4.02% growth

About

In 2017, Virginia Beach city, VA had a population of 450k people with a median age of 36.2 and a median household income of $72,586. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Virginia Beach city, VA declined from 452,602 to 450,435, a -0.479% decrease and its median household income grew from $71,117 to $72,586, a 2.07% increase.

The population of Virginia Beach city, VA is 61.6% White Alone, 18.2% Black or African American Alone, and 8.15% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Virginia Beach city, VA speak a non-English language, and 96.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Virginia Beach city, VA are ECPI University (3,882 degrees awarded in 2016), Regent University (1,686 degrees), and Advanced Technology Institute (446 degrees).

The median property value in Virginia Beach city, VA is $282,300, and the homeownership rate is 64.5%. Most people in Virginia Beach city, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Virginia Beach city, VA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Virginia Beach city, VA employs 225k people. The largest industries in Virginia Beach city, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (30,994 people), Retail Trade (27,044 people), and Public Administration (23,033 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($71,613), Utilities ($56,947), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,663).

Median household income in Virginia Beach city, VA is $72,586. Males in Virginia Beach city, VA have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $56,347. The income inequality in Virginia Beach city, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.477, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$72,586

2017 value

± $2,324

2.07%

1 Year Growth

± 4.39%

Households in Virginia Beach city, VA have a median annual income of $72,586, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $71,117 in 2016, which represents a 2.07% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Virginia Beach city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,867

Average Male Salary

± $1,332

$56,347

Average Female Salary

± $1,064

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia Beach city, VA made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia Beach city, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $71,860 ± $3,385

  2. White

    $61,741 ± $1,001

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $59,500 ± $21,033

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia Beach city, VA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia Beach city, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Virginia Beach city, VA is from Virginia.

0.477

2017 Wage GINI

0.484

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.477 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.42% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 420

  2. Census Tract 430.02

  3. Census Tract 454.21

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Virginia Beach city, VA was Census Tract 420 with a value of $166,932, followed by Census Tract 430.02 and Census Tract 454.21, with respective values of $156,667 and $120,250.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Virginia Beach city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.04% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Virginia Beach city, VA (35.3k out of 439k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    18,021 ± 1,010

  2. Black

    11,551 ± 833

  3. Hispanic

    4,293 ± 515

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Virginia Beach city, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

225k

2017 Value

± 8,047

0.061%

1 Year growth

± 5.06%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Virginia Beach city, VA grew at a rate of 0.061%, from 225k employees to 225k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Virginia Beach city, VA, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (13,549 people), Other Business Operations Specialists (8,311 people), and First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers (7,590 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Virginia Beach city, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Virginia Beach city, VA, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (13,549 people), Other Business Operations Specialists (8,311 people), and First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers (7,590 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Virginia Beach city, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Mathematical Science Occupations (2.43 times higher than expected), Air Transportation Workers (2.33 times), and Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, & Steamfitters (2.18 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Virginia Beach city, VA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($69,647), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($67,757), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($67,075).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

225k

2017 Value

± 8,047

0.061%

1 Year growth

± 5.06%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Virginia Beach city, VA grew at a rate of 0.061%, from 225k employees to 225k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Virginia Beach city, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (30,994 people), Retail Trade (27,044 people), and Public Administration (23,033 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Virginia Beach city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Virginia Beach city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Virginia Beach city, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (30,994 people), Retail Trade (27,044 people), and Public Administration (23,033 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Virginia Beach city, VA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.26 times higher than expected), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.5 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Virginia Beach city, VA, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($71,613), Utilities ($56,947), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,663).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $26B and Electronics and $22.4B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.1% of the population of Virginia Beach city, VA has health coverage, with 44.9% on employee plans, 6.87% on Medicaid, 7.48% on Medicare, 19.3% on non-group plans, and 13.6% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Virginia Beach city, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Virginia Beach city, VA see 1332 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.15% increase from the previous year (1330 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1335 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 693 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,332 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Virginia Beach city, VA see an average of 1,332 patients per year. This represents a 0.15% increase from the previous year (1,330 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia Beach city, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.86%

Uninsured

44.9%

Employer Coverage

6.87%

Medicaid

7.48%

Medicare

19.3%

Non-Group

13.6%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Virginia Beach city, VA grew by 3.11% from 7.62% to 7.86%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Virginia Beach city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Virginia Beach city, VA is home to a population of 450k people, from which 96.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.13% of Virginia Beach city, VA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Virginia Beach city, VA is composed of 277k White Alone residents (61.6%), 82.2k Black or African American Alone residents (18.2%), 36.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.15%), 29.7k Asian Alone residents (6.6%), 22.4k Two or More Races residents (4.97%), 887 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.197%), 878 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.195%), and 306 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0679%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Virginia Beach city, VA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Virginia Beach city, VA was 36.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Virginia Beach city, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Virginia Beach city, VA residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.13%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 9.13% of Virginia Beach city, VA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Virginia Beach city, VA was 9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Virginia Beach city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    112,238 ± 8,170 people

  2. India

    92,231 ± 7,415 people

  3. Korea

    58,294 ± 5,907 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia Beach city, VA was El Salvador, the natal country of 112,238 Virginia Beach city, VA residents, followed by India with 92,231 and Korea with 58,294.

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Citizenship

96.3%

2017 Citizenship

96%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.3% of Virginia Beach city, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Virginia Beach city, VA was 96%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Virginia Beach city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    277k ± 548

  2. Black or African American Alone

    82.2k ± 2.65k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    36.7k ± 4.25k

In 2017, there were 3.37 times more White Alone residents (277k people) in Virginia Beach city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 82.2k Black or African American Alone and 36.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Virginia Beach city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Virginia Beach city, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Virginia Beach city, VA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Virginia Beach city, VA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    24,876 ± 2,813

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    12,185 ± 1,704

  3. Vietnam

    11,267 ± 1,358

Virginia Beach city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Virginia Beach city, VA awarded 7,274 degrees. The student population of Virginia Beach city, VA is skewed towards women, with 10,051 male students and 14,711 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Virginia Beach city, VA are White (3,478 and 47.9%), followed by Black or African American (2,564 and 35.3%), Hispanic or Latino (444 and 6.12%), and Unknown (255 and 3.51%).

The largest universities in Virginia Beach city, VA by number of degrees awarded are ECPI University (3,882 and 53.4%), Regent University (1,686 and 23.2%), and Advanced Technology Institute (446 and 6.13%).

The most popular majors in Virginia Beach city, VA are Medical Assistant (684 and 9.4%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (683 and 9.39%), and Registered Nursing (451 and 6.2%).

The median tuition costs in Virginia Beach city, VA are $15,900 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 684 degrees awarded

  2. 365 degrees awarded

  3. 296 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Virginia Beach city, VA was Medical Assistant with 684 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Virginia Beach city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,882 degrees awarded

  2. 1,686 degrees awarded

  3. 446 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$15,900

Median Private

In 2016, the Virginia Beach city, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was ECPI University with 3,882 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,775

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,499

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,775 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Virginia Beach city, VA, which is 0.617 times less than the 4,499 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Virginia Beach city, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,478 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,564 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    444 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Virginia Beach city, VA were to White students. These 3,478 degrees mean that there were 1.36 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,564 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Virginia Beach city, VA was $282,300 in 2017, which is 1.3 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $271,400 to $282,300, a 4.02% increase. The homeownership rate in Virginia Beach city, VA is 64.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Virginia Beach city, VA have an average commute time of 22.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Virginia Beach city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$72,586

Median Household Income

± $2,324

169k

Number of Households

± 6,243

In 2017, the median household income of the 169k households in Virginia Beach city, VA grew to $72,586 from the previous year's value of $71,117.

The following chart displays the households in Virginia Beach city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$282,300

2017 Median

± $5,799

$271,400

2016 Median

± $5,252

In 2017, the median property value in Virginia Beach city, VA grew to to $282,300 from the previous year's value of $271,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Virginia Beach city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Virginia Beach city, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Virginia Beach city, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Virginia Beach city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.5%

2017 Homeownership

62.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.5% of the housing units in Virginia Beach city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Virginia Beach city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Virginia Beach city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Virginia Beach city, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Virginia Beach city, VA have a shorter commute time (22.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.15% of the workforce in Virginia Beach city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Virginia Beach city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.6%

  2. Carpooled

    8.21%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.23%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Virginia Beach city, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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