Norfolk city, VA

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Population

245,752

0.0114% growth

Median Age

30.4


Median Household Income

$47,137

4.13% growth

Poverty Rate

21%


Number of Employees

104,089

1.56% growth

Median Property Value

$194,800

0.88% growth

About

In 2017, Norfolk city, VA had a population of 246k people with a median age of 30.4 and a median household income of $47,137. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Norfolk city, VA grew from 245,724 to 245,752, a 0.0114% increase and its median household income grew from $45,268 to $47,137, a 4.13% increase.

The population of Norfolk city, VA is 43.6% White Alone, 41.2% Black or African American Alone, and 7.62% Hispanic or Latino. 10.3% of the people in Norfolk city, VA speak a non-English language, and 96.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Norfolk city, VA are Old Dominion University (5,522 degrees awarded in 2016), Tidewater Community College (4,138 degrees), and Norfolk State University (1,172 degrees).

The median property value in Norfolk city, VA is $194,800, and the homeownership rate is 43.4%. Most people in Norfolk city, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Norfolk city, VA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Norfolk city, VA employs 104k people. The largest industries in Norfolk city, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,900 people), Retail Trade (11,967 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (11,400 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,554), Utilities ($51,571), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,250).

Median household income in Norfolk city, VA is $47,137. Males in Norfolk city, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Norfolk city, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,137

2017 value

± $930

4.13%

1 Year Growth

± 2.81%

Households in Norfolk city, VA have a median annual income of $47,137, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,268 in 2016, which represents a 4.13% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Norfolk city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Norfolk city, VA made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Norfolk city, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Norfolk city, VA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Norfolk city, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Norfolk city, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 22

  2. Census Tract 24

  3. Census Tract 40.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Norfolk city, VA was Census Tract 22 with a value of $116,250, followed by Census Tract 24 and Census Tract 40.01, with respective values of $104,861 and $94,048.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Norfolk city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Norfolk city, VA (46.3k out of 220k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    27,582 ± 1,092

  2. White

    14,148 ± 833

  3. Hispanic

    3,495 ± 410

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Norfolk city, VA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

104k

2017 Value

± 2,157

1.56%

1 Year growth

± 2.89%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Norfolk city, VA grew at a rate of 1.56%, from 102k employees to 104k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Norfolk city, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,834 people), Sales & Related Occupations (10,679 people), and Management Occupations (8,264 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Norfolk city, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Norfolk city, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,834 people), Sales & Related Occupations (10,679 people), and Management Occupations (8,264 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Norfolk city, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.59 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.36 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.31 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Norfolk city, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($74,754), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($64,725), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,364).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

104k

2017 Value

± 2,157

1.56%

1 Year growth

± 2.89%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Norfolk city, VA grew at a rate of 1.56%, from 102k employees to 104k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Norfolk city, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,900 people), Retail Trade (11,967 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (11,400 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Norfolk city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Norfolk city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Norfolk city, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,900 people), Retail Trade (11,967 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (11,400 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Norfolk city, VA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.92 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.44 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Norfolk city, VA, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,554), Utilities ($51,571), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $26B and Electronics and $22.4B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.2% of the population of Norfolk city, VA has health coverage, with 36.2% on employee plans, 17.1% on Medicaid, 7.17% on Medicare, 13.5% on non-group plans, and 12.2% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Norfolk city, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Norfolk city, VA see 1002 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.05% decrease from the previous year (1023 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1318 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 588 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,002 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Norfolk city, VA see an average of 1,002 patients per year. This represents a 2.05% decrease from the previous year (1,023 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Norfolk city, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.8%

Uninsured

36.2%

Employer Coverage

17.1%

Medicaid

7.17%

Medicare

13.5%

Non-Group

12.2%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Norfolk city, VA declined by 5.74% from 14.6% to 13.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Norfolk city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Norfolk city, VA is home to a population of 246k people, from which 96.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.18% of Norfolk city, VA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Norfolk city, VA is composed of 107k White Alone residents (43.6%), 101k Black or African American Alone residents (41.2%), 18.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.62%), 8.61k Asian Alone residents (3.51%), 8.01k Two or More Races residents (3.26%), 917 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.373%), 815 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.332%), and 82 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0334%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Norfolk city, VA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (11,524 speakers), Tagalog (3,327 speakers), and French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (1,504 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Norfolk city, VA was 30.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Norfolk city, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Norfolk city, VA residents was 30.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.18%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

7.11%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 7.18% of Norfolk city, VA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Norfolk city, VA was 7.11%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Norfolk city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Norfolk city, VA was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Norfolk city, VA residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

96.6%

2017 Citizenship

96.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.6% of Norfolk city, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Norfolk city, VA was 96.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Norfolk city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    107k ± 195

  2. Black or African American Alone

    101k ± 779

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    18.7k ± 1.26k

In 2017, there were 1.06 times more White Alone residents (107k people) in Norfolk city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 101k Black or African American Alone and 18.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Norfolk city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    11,524 speakers (5.04%)

  2. Tagalog

    3,327 speakers (1.46%)

  3. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    1,504 speakers (0.658%)

10.3% of Norfolk city, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Norfolk city, VA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 5.04% of the overall population of Norfolk city, VA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.46% speak Tagalog and 0.658% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    12,769 ± 956

  2. Vietnam

    5,021 ± 352

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,910 ± 412

Norfolk city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.54 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Norfolk city, VA awarded 12,019 degrees. The student population of Norfolk city, VA is skewed towards women, with 23,488 male students and 32,131 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Norfolk city, VA are White (5,912 and 50.2%), followed by Black or African American (3,774 and 32.1%), Hispanic or Latino (703 and 5.97%), and Two or More Races (509 and 4.32%).

The largest universities in Norfolk city, VA by number of degrees awarded are Old Dominion University (5,522 and 45.9%), Tidewater Community College (4,138 and 34.4%), and Norfolk State University (1,172 and 9.75%).

The most popular majors in Norfolk city, VA are General Social Sciences (801 and 6.66%), General Business Administration & Management (601 and 5%), and Registered Nursing (471 and 3.92%).

The median tuition costs in Norfolk city, VA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,824 and $19,868 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 297 degrees awarded

  2. 293 degrees awarded

  3. 425 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Norfolk city, VA was Other Multidisciplinary Studies with 297 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Norfolk city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,522 degrees awarded

  2. 4,138 degrees awarded

  3. 1,172 degrees awarded

$5,824

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Norfolk city, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Old Dominion University with 5,522 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,964

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,055

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 4,964 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Norfolk city, VA, which is 0.704 times less than the 7,055 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Norfolk city, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,912 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,774 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    703 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Norfolk city, VA were to White students. These 5,912 degrees mean that there were 1.57 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,774 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Norfolk city, VA was $194,800 in 2017, which is 0.895 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $193,100 to $194,800, a 0.88% increase. The homeownership rate in Norfolk city, VA is 43.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Norfolk city, VA have an average commute time of 20.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Norfolk city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,137

Median Household Income

± $930

87.2k

Number of Households

± 1,742

In 2017, the median household income of the 87.2k households in Norfolk city, VA grew to $47,137 from the previous year's value of $45,268.

The following chart displays the households in Norfolk city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$194,800

2017 Median

± $1,910

$193,100

2016 Median

± $2,045

In 2017, the median property value in Norfolk city, VA grew to to $194,800 from the previous year's value of $193,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Norfolk city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Norfolk city, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Norfolk city, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Norfolk city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

43.4%

2017 Homeownership

42.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 43.4% of the housing units in Norfolk city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 42.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Norfolk city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Norfolk city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Norfolk city, VA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Norfolk city, VA have a shorter commute time (20.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.41% of the workforce in Norfolk city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Norfolk city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.8%

  2. Walked

    9.16%

  3. Carpooled

    8.11%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Norfolk city, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Walked and those who Carpooled.

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