Union County, PA

County

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2020 Population
44,831
0.621% 1-year decline
US Senator
Bob Casey Jr.
Democratic Party
US Senator
Pat Toomey
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
39.6
0.253% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
11.4%
3.52% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$56,824
4.34% 1-year decline
2020 Median Property Value
$188,400
0.58% 1-year decline
2020 Employed Population
17,751
0.877% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Union County, PA had a population of 44.8k people with a median age of 39.6 and a median household income of $56,824. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Union County, PA declined from 45,111 to 44,831, a −0.621% decrease and its median household income declined from $59,399 to $56,824, a −4.34% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (84.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.4%), White (Hispanic) (3.56%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.84%), and Other (Hispanic) (1.42%).

None of the households in Union County, PA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.6% of the residents in Union County, PA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union County, PA are Bucknell University (1,022 degrees awarded in 2020), Platt College-McCann-Lewisburg (97 degrees), and Central Susquehanna Intermediate Unit LPN Career (57 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Union County, PA was $188,400, and the homeownership rate was 70.6%.

Most people in Union County, PA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, PA was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Union County, PA is home to a population of 44.8k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2020, 3.22% of Union County, PA residents were born outside of the country (1.44k people).

In 2020, there were 13.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (37.9k people) in Union County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.87k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.6k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.6%
2020 Citizenship
98.6%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 98.6% of Union County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, PA was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, PA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    37.9k ± 66
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    2.87k ± 120
  3. White (Hispanic)
    1.6k ± 295
5.98%
Hispanic Population
2.68k people

In 2020, there were 13.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (37.9k people) in Union County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.87k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.6k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.98% of the people in Union County, PA are hispanic (2.68k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    92,750 ± 7,450 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    72,397 ± 6,587 people
  3. China
    65,642 ± 6,274 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 92,750 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 72,397 and China with 65,642.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.22%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
1.44k people
2.76%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.25k people

As of 2020, 3.22% of Union County, PA residents (1.44k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, PA was 2.76%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    926 ± 198
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    324 ± 137
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    265 ± 97

Union County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.86 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Union County, PA employs 17.8k people. The largest industries in Union County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,112 people), Educational Services (2,953 people), and Manufacturing (2,184 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($67,273), Utilities ($62,071), and Public Administration ($60,167).

Males in Pennsylvania have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,196. The income inequality in Pennsylvania (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

17.8k
2020 Value
± 980
−0.877%
1 Year decline
± 7.25%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, PA declined at a rate of −0.877%, from 17.9k employees to 17.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, PA, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1,920 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,822 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,554 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, PA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

17.8k
2020 Value
± 980
−0.877%
1 Year decline
± 7.25%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, PA declined at a rate of −0.877%, from 17.9k employees to 17.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,112 people), Educational Services (2,953 people), and Manufacturing (2,184 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Union County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$43,600
Median earning men ± $3,766
$26,643
Median earning women ± $1,944

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Information ($71,250), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($66,779), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($65,208).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Information ($65,909), Public Administration ($52,721), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($41,875).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Pennsylvania. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Pennsylvania.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 509
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 225
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 180
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $360k
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $255k
    Manufacturing
  3. $84.5k
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $110B
  2. $74.2B
  3. $44.2B

In 2020, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $110B, followed by Mixed freight ($74.2B) and Electronics ($44.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania.
$734B
2020 Value in Pennsylvania
$1.46T
Projected 2050 Value in Pennsylvania
99.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $734B. This is expected to increase 99.3% to $1.46T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $73.5B
  2. $71.1B
  3. $36.8B

In 2020, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $73.5B, followed by New York with $71.1B and Ohio and $36.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, PA went to Donald J. Trump with 61.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (37.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.41%).

Bob Casey Jr. and Pat Toomey are the senators currently representing the state of Pennsylvania. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Pennsylvania

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Bob Casey Jr.
Senator from Pennsylvania1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Pat Toomey
Senator from Pennsylvania3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Bob Casey Jr. and Pat Toomey are the senators currently representing Pennsylvania.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Pennsylvania over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Pennsylvania have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Union County, PA awarded 1,176 degrees. The student population of Union County, PA in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 1,811 male students and 2,201 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union County, PA are White (897 and 81.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (67 and 6.09%), Asian (54 and 4.91%), and Black or African American (39 and 3.55%).

The largest universities in Union County, PA by number of degrees awarded are Bucknell University (1,022 and 86.9%), Platt College-McCann-Lewisburg (97 and 8.25%), and Central Susquehanna Intermediate Unit LPN Career (57 and 4.85%).

The most popular majors in Union County, PA are General Economics (104 and 8.84%), General Political Science & Government (92 and 7.82%), and General Biological Sciences (62 and 5.27%).

The median tuition cost in Union County, PA for private four year colleges is $57,882.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Union County, PA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 37.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 27.4%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 4,012 (45.1% men and 54.9% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 4,012 students enrolled in Union County, PA, 45.1% men and 54.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 3,039 records, of which 55.8% were women and 44.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 104 degree-majors awarded
  2. 92 degree-majors awarded
  3. 60 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Union County, PA was General Economics with 104 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Union County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,022 degrees awarded
  2. 97 degrees awarded
  3. 57 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Bucknell University with 1,022 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 510 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union County, PA, which is 0.766 times less than the 666 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 897 degrees mean that there were 13.4 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 67 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($57,882) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($320) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($900) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Measure

In 2020, 0.658% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.701% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (3.5M), Bachelors Degree (1.89M), and Some college (1.84M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Union County, PA was $188,400 in 2020, which is 0.82 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $189,500 to $188,400, a 0.58% decrease. The homeownership rate in Union County, PA is 70.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Union County, PA have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Union County, PA is $56,824. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, PA was Census Tract 9808 with a value of $109,750, followed by Census Tract 906 and Census Tract 904, with respective values of $96,000 and $69,036.

In 2021, 11.8% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, PA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 0.863%.

Property

$188,400
Median Property Value 2020
±$8,032
$10,415
Median Property Taxes
±$663

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Union County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

70.6%
Homeownership
2020
59.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 70.6% of the housing units in Union County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 72.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Union County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9808
  2. Census Tract 906
  3. Census Tract 904

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, PA was Census Tract 9808 with a value of $109,750, followed by Census Tract 906 and Census Tract 904, with respective values of $96,000 and $69,036.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$56,824
Median Household Income
± $3,355
14.8k
Number of Households
± 894

In 2020, the median household income of the 14.8k households in Union County, PA declined from $56,824 from the previous year's value of $59,399.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, PA is from Pennsylvania.
0.466
2020 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania
0.469
2019 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania

In 2020, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.614% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (73.7%)
  2. Carpooled (9.77%)
  3. Walked (7.91%)

In 2020, 73.7% of workers in Union County, PA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.77%) and those who walked to work (7.91%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, PA have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.29% of the workforce in Union County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, PA have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 11.8% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, PA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 0.863%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

11.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, PA (4.1k out of 35.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 11.6% of the children was living in poverty in Union County, PA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 4.7%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 66.9 in Union County, PA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 28.6 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

90.5% of the population of Union County, PA has health coverage, with 51% on employee plans, 10.4% on Medicaid, 15.9% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 0.446% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Pennsylvania was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Union County, PA see 1042 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.88% decrease from the previous year (1062 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1728 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 713 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.3% were men and 51.7% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Pennsylvania, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,042 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, PA

Primary care physicians in Union County, PA see an average of 1,042 patients per year. This represents a 1.88% decrease from the previous year (1,062 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, PA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Pennsylvania across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.4% under 18 years, 22.8% between 18 and 34 years, 34.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.3% were men and 51.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.51%
Uninsured
51%
Employer Coverage
10.4%
Medicaid
15.9%
Medicare
12.7%
Non-Group
0.446%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, PA declined by 5.59% from 10.1% to 9.51%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was N/A in Union County, PA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, PA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 29.9% in Union County, PA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, PA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 7.8% in Union County, PA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, PA.

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