Union County, PA

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Population

45,056

0.27% decline

Median Age

39.4


Median Household Income

$53,768

4.71% growth

Poverty Rate

10.2%


Number of Employees

18,397

0.492% decline

Median Property Value

$172,200

4.43% growth

About

In 2017, Union County, PA had a population of 45.1k people with a median age of 39.4 and a median household income of $53,768. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union County, PA declined from 45,178 to 45,056, a -0.27% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,349 to $53,768, a 4.71% increase.

The population of Union County, PA is 84.4% White Alone, 6.2% Black or African American Alone, and 5.68% Hispanic or Latino. 9.37% of the people in Union County, PA speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union County, PA are Bucknell University (1,073 degrees awarded in 2016), McCann School of Business & Technology (438221) (111 degrees), and Central Susquehanna Intermediate Unit LPN Career (65 degrees).

The median property value in Union County, PA is $172,200, and the homeownership rate is 70.8%. Most people in Union County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Union County, PA employs 18.4k people. The largest industries in Union County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,238 people), Educational Services (2,997 people), and Manufacturing (2,315 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($145,125), Utilities ($87,833), and Public Administration ($54,526).

Median household income in Union County, PA is $53,768. Males in Union County, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in Union County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,768

2017 value

± $2,069

4.71%

1 Year Growth

± 5.33%

Households in Union County, PA have a median annual income of $53,768, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,349 in 2016, which represents a 4.71% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$67,039

Average Male Salary

± $1,040

$49,502

Average Female Salary

± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Union County, PA made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Union County, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,450 ± $4,076

  2. White

    $51,412 ± $642

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Union County, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Union County, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 906

  2. Census Tract 904

  3. Census Tract 901.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, PA was Census Tract 906 with a value of $79,167, followed by Census Tract 904 and Census Tract 901.02, with respective values of $58,495 and $54,688.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, PA (3.64k out of 35.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 75+.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,111 ± 394

  2. Hispanic

    646 ± 248

  3. Other

    222 ± 166

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

18.4k

2017 Value

± 867

-0.492%

1 Year decline

± 6.62%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, PA declined at a rate of -0.492%, from 18.5k employees to 18.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,143 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1,606 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,437 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,143 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1,606 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,437 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.83 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.71 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, PA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($83,869), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($69,344), and Management Occupations ($67,188).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

18.4k

2017 Value

± 867

-0.492%

1 Year decline

± 6.62%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, PA declined at a rate of -0.492%, from 18.5k employees to 18.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,238 people), Educational Services (2,997 people), and Manufacturing (2,315 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Union County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,238 people), Educational Services (2,997 people), and Manufacturing (2,315 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, PA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.57 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.76 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, PA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($145,125), Utilities ($87,833), and Public Administration ($54,526).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $50.6B and Pharmaceuticals and $49.7B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.6% of the population of Union County, PA has health coverage, with 52% on employee plans, 10.7% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 12.4% on non-group plans, and 0.972% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Union County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Union County, PA see 1183 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.06% decrease from the previous year (1246 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1752 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 860 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,183 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Union County, PA see an average of 1,183 patients per year. This represents a 5.06% decrease from the previous year (1,246 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.4%

Uninsured

52%

Employer Coverage

10.7%

Medicaid

13.5%

Medicare

12.4%

Non-Group

0.972%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, PA declined by 6.94% from 11.2% to 10.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union County, PA is home to a population of 45.1k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.36% of Union County, PA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Union County, PA is composed of 38k White Alone residents (84.4%), 2.79k Black or African American Alone residents (6.2%), 2.56k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.68%), 783 Asian Alone residents (1.74%), 551 Two or More Races residents (1.22%), 231 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.513%), 85 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.189%), and 14 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0311%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union County, PA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,623 speakers), Other West Germanic Languages (1,110 speakers), and Chinese (217 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union County, PA was 39.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Union County, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Union County, PA residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.36%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.22%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.36% of Union County, PA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, PA was 3.22%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    81,562 ± 6,989 people

  2. China

    63,036 ± 6,149 people

  3. Mexico

    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Union County, PA was India, the natal country of 81,562 Union County, PA residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

98.1%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.1% of Union County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, PA was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    38k ± 66

  2. Black or African American Alone

    2.79k ± 205

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.56k ± 470

In 2017, there were 13.6 times more White Alone residents (38k people) in Union County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.79k Black or African American Alone and 2.56k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,623 speakers (3.8%)

  2. Other West Germanic Languages

    1,110 speakers (2.6%)

  3. Chinese

    217 speakers (0.508%)

9.37% of Union County, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Union County, PA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.8% of the overall population of Union County, PA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 2.6% speak Other West Germanic Languages and 0.508% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    988 ± 191

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    324 ± 124

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    304 ± 132

Union County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.05 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Union County, PA awarded 1,249 degrees. The student population of Union County, PA is skewed towards women, with 1,856 male students and 2,124 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union County, PA are White (1,021 and 85%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (50 and 4.16%), Asian (43 and 3.58%), and Two or More Races (42 and 3.5%).

The largest universities in Union County, PA by number of degrees awarded are Bucknell University (1,073 and 85.9%), McCann School of Business & Technology (438221) (111 and 8.89%), and Central Susquehanna Intermediate Unit LPN Career (65 and 5.2%).

The most popular majors in Union County, PA are General Economics (102 and 8.17%), General Psychology (96 and 7.69%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (65 and 5.2%).

The median tuition costs in Union County, PA are $51,676 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 102 degrees awarded

  2. 93 degrees awarded

  3. 62 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Union County, PA was General Economics with 102 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Union County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,073 degrees awarded

  2. 111 degrees awarded

  3. 65 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$51,676

Median Private

In 2016, the Union County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Bucknell University with 1,073 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

466

Degrees Awarded to Men

783

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 466 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union County, PA, which is 0.595 times less than the 783 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Union County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,021 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    50 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    43 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Union County, PA were to White students. These 1,021 degrees mean that there were 20.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 50 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, PA was $172,200 in 2017, which is 0.791 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $164,900 to $172,200, a 4.43% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, PA is 70.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, PA have an average commute time of 20.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,768

Median Household Income

± $2,069

14.7k

Number of Households

± 728

In 2017, the median household income of the 14.7k households in Union County, PA grew to $53,768 from the previous year's value of $51,349.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$172,200

2017 Median

± $5,426

$164,900

2016 Median

± $5,644

In 2017, the median property value in Union County, PA grew to to $172,200 from the previous year's value of $164,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

70.8%

2017 Homeownership

71%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.8% of the housing units in Union County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, PA have a shorter commute time (20.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.47% of the workforce in Union County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.9%

  2. Carpooled

    10.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.34%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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