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Union County, NJ&

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0.03% decline
Median Age
Median Household Income
1.22% growth
Poverty Rate
Number of Employees
2.23% growth
Median Property Value
4.38% growth


The economy of Union County, NJ employs 281,060 people. The economy of Union County, NJ is specialized in Transportation & Warehousing; Management of Companies & Enterprises; and Finance & Insurance, which employ respectively 2.19; 1.52; and 1.45 times more people than what would be expected in a location of this size. The largest industries in Union County, NJ are Healthcare & Social Assistance (35,614), Transportation & Warehousing (27,228), and Retail trade (26,617), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($86,507), Finance & Insurance ($78,054), and Utilities ($75,184).

Median household income in Union County, NJ is $72,028. Males in Union County, NJ have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,162. The income inequality of Union County, NJ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.494 which is higher than the national average.


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Health & Safety

Insurance and Medicare coverage combined with state and county level health and safety statistics for Union County, NJ. In Union County, NJ the age groups most likely to have health care coverage are 6-17 and 6-17, men and women, respectively. The location has a 1 to 67 primary care clinician to patient ratio and a Medicare reimbursement average per patient per year of $9,267. Essex County, NJ has the highest prevalence of homicides of any county in New Jersey.


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Union County, NJ is home to a population of 555,630 people, from which 84.8% are citizens. The ethnic composition of the population of Union County, NJ is composed of 216,560 White residents (39%), 173,726 Hispanic residents (31.3%), 109,852 Black residents (19.8%), 27,524 Asian residents (4.95%), and 17,764 Other residents (3.2%). The most common foreign languages in Union County, NJ are Spanish (139,170 speakers), Portuguese (18,185 speakers), and French Creole (11,818 speakers), but compared to other places, Union County, NJ has a relative high number of Portuguese (18,185 speakers), French Creole (11,818 speakers), and Polish (6,983 speakers).


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In 2015 universities in Union County, NJ awarded 5,963 degrees. The student population of Union County, NJ is skewed towards females, with 2,427 male students and 3,536 female students. Most students in Union County, NJ are White (2,307 and 38.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,493 and 25%), Black or African American (1,255 and 21%), and Unknown (353 and 5.92%). The largest universities in Union County, NJ by number of graduates are Kean University (3,353 and 56.2%), Union County College (1,503 and 25.2%), and Lincoln Technical Institute-Union (584 and 9.8%). The most popular majors in Union County, NJ are General Psychology (440 and 7.38%), General Business Administration & Management (188 and 3.15%), and General Biological Sciences (187 and 3.14%). The median tuition costs in Union County, NJ are $9,700 for private four year colleges, and $7,754 and $14,521 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.



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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, NJ is $357,800, which is 1.75 times larger than the national average of $205,000. Between 2015 and 2016 the median property value increased from $342,800 to $357,800, a 4.38% increase. The homeownership rate of Union County, NJ is 58.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.1%. People in Union County, NJ have an average commute time of 30.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, NJ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.


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