Union County, NJ

County

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2020 Population
555,208
0.212% 1-year growth
US Senator
Bob Menendez
Democratic Party
US Senator
Cory Booker
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
38.9
0.517% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
8.79%
7.43% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$82,644
3.05% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$378,700
3.13% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
282,632
0.332% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Union County, NJ had a population of 555k people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $82,644. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Union County, NJ grew from 554,033 to 555,208, a 0.212% increase and its median household income grew from $80,198 to $82,644, a 3.05% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, NJ are White (Non-Hispanic) (39%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (20.2%), Other (Hispanic) (13.9%), White (Hispanic) (13%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.21%).

None of the households in Union County, NJ reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

86.1% of the residents in Union County, NJ are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union County, NJ are Kean University (3,401 degrees awarded in 2020), Union County College (1,670 degrees), and Lincoln Technical Institute-Union (746 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Union County, NJ was $378,700, and the homeownership rate was 58.9%.

Most people in Union County, NJ drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 31.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, NJ was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial over Elizabeth, NJ

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Union County, NJ is home to a population of 555k people, from which 86.1% are citizens. As of 2020, 30.2% of Union County, NJ residents were born outside of the country (168k people).

In 2020, there were 1.93 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (216k people) in Union County, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 112k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 77.4k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

86.1%
2020 Citizenship
85.9%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 86.1% of Union County, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, NJ was 85.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, NJ
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    216k ± 1.07k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    112k ± 1.22k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    77.4k ± 3.43k
32%
Hispanic Population
177k people

In 2020, there were 1.93 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (216k people) in Union County, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 112k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 77.4k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

32% of the people in Union County, NJ are hispanic (177k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    263,388 ± 12,412 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    182,812 ± 10,389 people
  3. Mexico
    106,394 ± 7,960 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Jersey was India, the natal country of 263,388 New Jersey residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 182,812 and Mexico with 106,394.

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Foreign-Born Population

30.2%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
168k people
30.1%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
167k people

As of 2020, 30.2% of Union County, NJ residents (168k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, NJ was 30.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,807 ± 529
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,017 ± 368
  3. Korea
    1,639 ± 285

Union County, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.38 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Union County, NJ employs 283k people. The largest industries in Union County, NJ are Health Care & Social Assistance (35,561 people), Retail Trade (28,248 people), and Transportation & Warehousing (26,340 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($160,199), Finance & Insurance ($103,822), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($89,365).

Males in New Jersey have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $67,739. The income inequality in New Jersey (measured using the Gini index) is 0.49, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

283k
2020 Value
± 4,324
0.332%
1 Year growth
± 2.05%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, NJ grew at a rate of 0.332%, from 282k employees to 283k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, NJ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (36,322 people), Management Occupations (28,704 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (25,851 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, NJ.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Jersey (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

283k
2020 Value
± 4,324
0.332%
1 Year growth
± 2.05%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, NJ grew at a rate of 0.332%, from 282k employees to 283k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, NJ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (35,561 people), Retail Trade (28,248 people), and Transportation & Warehousing (26,340 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Union County, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$51,436
Median earning men ± $698
$40,237
Median earning women ± $869

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($110,456), Public Administration ($84,529), and Information ($82,230).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($71,638), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($70,761), and Information ($68,589).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in New Jersey. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Jersey.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 6,261
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 3,207
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 2,784
    Other Services, Except Public Administration

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $4.59M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $4.56M
    Wholesale Trade
  3. $3.73M
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $70.5B
  2. $58.9B
  3. $50.4B

In 2020, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Electronics with $70.5B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($58.9B) and Motorized vehicles ($50.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Jersey.
$649B
2020 Value in New Jersey
$1.35T
Projected 2050 Value in New Jersey
108% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Jersey trade was $649B. This is expected to increase 108% to $1.35T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $116B
  2. $61.4B
  3. $24.4B

In 2020, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $116B, followed by Pennsylvania with $61.4B and California and $24.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, NJ went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 67.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (31.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.564%).

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing the state of New Jersey. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Jersey is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Jersey

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Bob Menendez
Senator from New Jersey1
Assumed office on January 17, 2006
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Jon Corzine, who was elected Governor of New Jersey.
Cory Booker
Senator from New Jersey2
Assumed office on October 31, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Jeffrey Chiesa, who had been appointed to the seat following the death of Frank Lautenberg.

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing New Jersey.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Jersey over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Jersey

New Jersey is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Jersey have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Union County, NJ awarded 6,227 degrees. The student population of Union County, NJ in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 9,741 male students and 15,139 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union County, NJ are White (1,956 and 32.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,780 and 29.3%), Black or African American (1,427 and 23.5%), and Unknown (415 and 6.82%).

The largest universities in Union County, NJ by number of degrees awarded are Kean University (3,401 and 54.6%), Union County College (1,670 and 26.8%), and Lincoln Technical Institute-Union (746 and 12%).

The most popular majors in Union County, NJ are Registered Nursing (516 and 8.29%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (500 and 8.03%), and General Psychology (499 and 8.01%).

The median tuition costs in Union County, NJ are $10,700 for private four year colleges, and $10,445 and $17,621 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Union County, NJ, the percentage of applicants admitted was 78.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 21.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 24,880 (39.2% men and 60.8% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 24,880 students enrolled in Union County, NJ, 39.2% men and 60.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 8,484 records, of which 61.8% were women and 38.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 196 degree-majors awarded
  2. 432 degree-majors awarded
  3. 293 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Union County, NJ was General Biological Sciences with 196 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Union County, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,401 degrees awarded
  2. 1,670 degrees awarded
  3. 746 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Kean University with 3,401 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 2,641 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union County, NJ, which is 0.736 times less than the 3,586 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,956 degrees mean that there were 1.1 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,780 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($10,700) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Private not-for-profit, 2-year ($17,687) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($1,416) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Measure

In 2020, 0.943% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.978% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (1.89M), Bachelors Degree (1.64M), and Some college (1.28M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Union County, NJ was $378,700 in 2020, which is 1.65 times larger than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $367,200 to $378,700, a 3.13% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, NJ is 58.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Union County, NJ have an average commute time of 31.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, NJ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Union County, NJ is $82,644. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, NJ was Census Tract 379 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 377 and Census Tract 386.02, with respective values of $229,476 and $211,339.

In 2021, 24.6% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, NJ. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 3.68%.

Property

$378,700
Median Property Value 2020
±$3,870
$113,015
Median Property Taxes
±$2,026

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Union County, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

58.9%
Homeownership
2020
58.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 58.9% of the housing units in Union County, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Union County, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 379
  2. Census Tract 377
  3. Census Tract 386.02

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, NJ was Census Tract 379 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 377 and Census Tract 386.02, with respective values of $229,476 and $211,339.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$82,644
Median Household Income
± $1,642
192k
Number of Households
± 3,343

In 2020, the median household income of the 192k households in Union County, NJ grew to $82,644 from the previous year's value of $80,198.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, NJ is from New Jersey.
0.49
2020 Wage GINI in New Jersey
0.493
2019 Wage GINI in New Jersey

In 2020, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.49 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.5% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (68%)
  2. Public Transit (11.1%)
  3. Carpooled (7.77%)

In 2020, 68% of workers in Union County, NJ drove alone to work, followed by those who used public transit to get to work (11.1%) and those who carpooled to work (7.77%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

31.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, NJ have a longer commute time (31.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 4.78% of the workforce in Union County, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, NJ have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 24.6% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, NJ. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 3.68%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

8.79% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, NJ (48.3k out of 549k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, NJ is Hispanic, followed by White and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 11.9% of the children was living in poverty in Union County, NJ. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 4.1%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 357 in Union County, NJ. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 97.5 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

88.8% of the population of Union County, NJ has health coverage, with 52.8% on employee plans, 16% on Medicaid, 10.6% on Medicare, 9.04% on non-group plans, and 0.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New Jersey was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in Union County, NJ see 1469 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.59% decrease from the previous year (1508 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1126 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 502 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.8% were men and 52.2% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Jersey. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Jersey, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,469 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, NJ

Primary care physicians in Union County, NJ see an average of 1,469 patients per year. This represents a 2.59% decrease from the previous year (1,508 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, NJ in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Jersey across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.8% under 18 years, 20% between 18 and 34 years, 41% between 35 and 64 years, and 14.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.8% were men and 52.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.2%
Uninsured
52.8%
Employer Coverage
16%
Medicaid
10.6%
Medicare
9.04%
Non-Group
0.4%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, NJ declined by 0.906% from 11.3% to 11.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 34.4 in Union County, NJ.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, NJ.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 25.5% in Union County, NJ.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, NJ.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 11.2% in Union County, NJ.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, NJ.

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