Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2020 Population
133,509
1.1% 1-year decline
US Senator
Richard Shelby
Republican Party
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
42.6
0.472% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
22.2%
5.5% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$36,340
0.928% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$90,000
0.881% 1-year decline
2020 Employed Population
42,585
1.92% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL had a population of 134k people with a median age of 42.6 and a median household income of $36,340. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL declined from 134,996 to 133,509, a −1.1% decrease and its median household income grew from $36,006 to $36,340, a 0.928% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (54.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (40.6%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (2.2%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.15%), and White (Hispanic) (0.787%).

1.24% of the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.8% of the residents in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Reid State Technical College (145 degrees awarded in 2020) and Alabama School of Nail Technology & Cosmetology (22 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was $90,000, and the homeownership rate was 73.1%. Most people in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27 minutes. The average car ownership in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is home to a population of 134k people, from which 99.8% are citizens. As of 2020, 0.794% of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the country (1.06k people).

In 2020, there were 1.34 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (72.7k people) in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 54.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.94k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Spanish (786 households), French (Incl. Cajun) (145 households), and Arabic (142 households).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    72.7k ± 111
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    54.2k ± 522
  3. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)
    2.94k ± 189
1.06%
Hispanic Population
1.42k people

In 2020, there were 1.34 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (72.7k people) in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 54.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.94k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.06% of the people in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are hispanic (1.42k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    786 households (0.622%)
  2. French (Incl. Cajun)
    145 households (0.115%)
  3. Arabic
    142 households (0.112%)

1.24% of the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was Spanish. 0.622% of the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.794%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
1.06k people
0.843%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.14k people

As of 2020, 0.794% of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents (1.06k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 0.843%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

43
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
44
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 4.6

In 2020, the median age of all people in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 42.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents was 42.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. China
    174 ± 324 people
  2. Mexico
    112 ± 260 people
  3. Yemen
    108 ± 255 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was China, the natal country of 174 Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents, followed by Mexico with 112 and Yemen with 108.

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Citizenship

99.8%
2020 Citizenship
99.8%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 99.8% of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 99.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,477 ± 331
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,238 ± 305
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,132 ± 243

Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is $36,340. In 2020, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $83,941, followed by Shelby County PUMA, AL and Huntsville City (Far West & Southwest) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $78,851 and $70,933.

Males in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $37,800. The income inequality in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.418, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL employs 42.6k people. The largest industries in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Construction (3,229 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,957 people), and Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills (2,144 people), and the highest paying industries are Rail transportation ($96,302), Architectural, engineering & related services ($93,221), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($85,544).

Wages

Median Household Income

$36,340
2020 value
± $1,347
0.928%
1 Year Growth
± 5.13%

Households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have a median annual income of $36,340, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,006 in 2019, which represents a 0.928% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

$53,975
Average Male Salary in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL
± $8,051
$37,800
Average Female Salary in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL
± $6,005

In 2020, full-time male employees in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL
  1. White
    $47,351 ± $6,741
  2. American Indian
    $43,599 ± $25,364
  3. Two or More Races
    $41,510 ± $46,747

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL workers was White. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.418
2020 Wage GINI in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL
0.431
2019 Wage GINI in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL

In 2020, the income inequality in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 0.418 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.92% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2020, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $83,941, followed by Shelby County PUMA, AL and Huntsville City (Far West & Southwest) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $78,851 and $70,933.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL (28.6k out of 129k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    17,932 ± 980
  2. White
    9,601 ± 689
  3. Native American
    510 ± 152

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is Black, followed by White and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

42.6k
2020 Value
1.92%
1 Year growth
± 1.92%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 1.92%, from 41.8k employees to 42.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,160 people), Cashiers (1,608 people), and Registered nurses (1,349 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,160 people), Cashiers (1,608 people), and Registered nurses (1,349 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Paper goods machine setters, operators, & tenders (39.8 times higher than expected), Logging workers (30.4 times), and Crane & tower operators (11.1 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Chief executives & legislators ($179,049), Personal financial advisors ($147,659), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($117,021).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

42.6k
2020 Value
1.92%
1 Year growth
± 1.92%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 1.92%, from 41.8k employees to 42.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, are Construction (3,229 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,957 people), and Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills (2,144 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, though some of these residents may live in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are Construction (3,229 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,957 people), and Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills (2,144 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of Logging (43.3 times higher than expected), Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills (39.7 times), and Veneer, plywood, & engineered wood products (31.8 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Rail transportation ($96,302), Architectural, engineering & related services ($93,221), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($85,544).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $52.4B
  2. $22.9B
  3. $20.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $52.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($22.9B) and Base metals ($20.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama.
$282B
2020 Value in Alabama
$539B
Projected 2050 Value in Alabama
91.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 91.3% to $539B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31.7B
  2. $21.3B
  3. $14.3B

In 2020, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $31.7B, followed by Florida with $21.3B and Tennessee and $14.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%). The most partisan county was Winston County, AL with 90.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Alabama.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Alabama
62% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Alabama
  1. 90.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 89.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 89.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Alabama was Winston County, AL with 90.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Alabama colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Richard Shelby
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 1987
Until 1994, Richard Shelby won election to the Senate as a member of the Democratic Party.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL awarded 167 degrees. The student population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is skewed towards women, with 130 male students and 174 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Black or African American (93 and 55.7%), followed by White (71 and 42.5%), Hispanic or Latino (1 and 0.599%), and Two or More Races (1 and 0.599%).

The largest universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL by number of degrees awarded are Reid State Technical College (145 and 86.8%) and Alabama School of Nail Technology & Cosmetology (22 and 13.2%).

The most popular majors in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (80 and 47.9%), General Cosmetology (32 and 19.2%), and Industrial Electronics Technology (21 and 12.6%).

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 80 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 32 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 3 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training with 80 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 145 degrees awarded
  2. 22 degrees awarded

In 2020, the Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Reid State Technical College with 145 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

37
Degrees Awarded to Men
130
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 37 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, which is 0.285 times less than the 130 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the institutions in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Black or African American
    93 degrees awarded
  2. White
    71 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    1 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was Black or African American students. These 93 degrees mean that there were 1.31 times more degrees awarded to Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 71 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was $90,000 in 2020, which is 0.392 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $90,800 to $90,000, a 0.881% decrease. The homeownership rate in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is 73.1%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have an average commute time of 27 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$90,000
2020 Median
± $4,404
$90,800
2019 Median
± $3,771

In 2020, the median property value in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL declined from to $90,000 from the previous year's value of $90,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$36,340
Median Household Income
± $1,347
50k
Number of Households
± 1,636

In 2020, the median household income of the 50k households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL grew to $36,340 from the previous year's value of $36,006.

The following chart displays the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.1%
2020 Homeownership
71.6%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 73.1% of the housing units in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

27 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have a longer commute time (27 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 4.01% of the workforce in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (89.3%)
  2. Carpooled (7.1%)
  3. Worked At Home (1.78%)

In 2020, 89.3% of workers in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.1%) and those who worked at home (1.78%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

89.2% of the population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL has health coverage, with 38.4% on employee plans, 20% on Medicaid, 16.6% on Medicare, 12.8% on non-group plans, and 1.51% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Alabama was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Alabama see 1534 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.583% decrease from the previous year (1543 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2005 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 923 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (29.5%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (50.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
1,534 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alabama

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,534 patients per year. This represents a 0.583% decrease from the previous year (1,543 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
$7,281
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Alabama
$3,641
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,042
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,267
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.8%
Uninsured
38.4%
Employer Coverage
20%
Medicaid
16.6%
Medicare
12.8%
Non-Group
1.51%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL declined by 6.88% from 11.5% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 29.5% prevalence
  2. 25.6% prevalence
  3. 24.8% prevalence

Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 29.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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