Sierra County, NM

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Population

11,254

1.64% decline

Median Age

55.9


Median Household Income

$29,690

0.0371% growth

Poverty Rate

21.2%


Number of Employees

3,740

5.77% decline

Median Property Value

$99,600

10.8% growth

About

In 2017, Sierra County, NM had a population of 11.3k people with a median age of 55.9 and a median household income of $29,690. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Sierra County, NM declined from 11,442 to 11,254, a -1.64% decrease and its median household income grew from $29,679 to $29,690, a 0.0371% increase.

The population of Sierra County, NM is 65.7% White Alone, 29.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.12% Two or More Races. 21% of the people in Sierra County, NM speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Sierra County, NM is $99,600, and the homeownership rate is 74.4%. Most people in Sierra County, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Sierra County, NM is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Sierra County, NM employs 3.74k people. The largest industries in Sierra County, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (811 people), Educational Services (456 people), and Retail Trade (452 people), and the highest paying industries are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($88,304), Manufacturing ($60,221), and Utilities ($42,536).

Median household income in Sierra County, NM is $29,690. Males in Sierra County, NM have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,925. The income inequality in Sierra County, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$29,690

2017 value

± $1,938

0.0371%

1 Year Growth

± 12.6%

Households in Sierra County, NM have a median annual income of $29,690, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $29,679 in 2016, which represents a 0.0371% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Sierra County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the New Mexico.

$54,854

Average Male Salary

± $2,038

$41,925

Average Female Salary

± $1,598

In 2017, full-time male employees in Sierra County, NM made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Sierra County, NM by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the New Mexico.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $52,566 ± $11,622

  2. White

    $43,679 ± $1,381

  3. Black

    $41,055 ± $8,510

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Sierra County, NM workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Sierra County, NM by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Sierra County, NM is from New Mexico.

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9624.01

  2. Census Tract 9624.02

  3. Census Tract 9623

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Sierra County, NM was Census Tract 9624.01 with a value of $39,300, followed by Census Tract 9624.02 and Census Tract 9623, with respective values of $32,457 and $28,639.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Sierra County, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Sierra County, NM (2.32k out of 10.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 55 - 64, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,215 ± 299

  2. Hispanic

    727 ± 196

  3. Two Or More

    39 ± 101

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Sierra County, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.74k

2017 Value

± 390

-5.77%

1 Year decline

± 16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sierra County, NM declined at a rate of -5.77%, from 3.97k employees to 3.74k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Sierra County, NM, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (575 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (372 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (312 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Sierra County, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Sierra County, NM, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (575 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (372 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (312 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Sierra County, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.6 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.87 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Sierra County, NM, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($56,932), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($56,250), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($51,652).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.74k

2017 Value

± 390

-5.77%

1 Year decline

± 16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sierra County, NM declined at a rate of -5.77%, from 3.97k employees to 3.74k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Sierra County, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (811 people), Educational Services (456 people), and Retail Trade (452 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Sierra County, NM, though some of these residents may live in Sierra County, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Sierra County, NM, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (811 people), Educational Services (456 people), and Retail Trade (452 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Sierra County, NM has an unusually high number of Utilities (4.82 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.96 times), and Public Administration (1.83 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Sierra County, NM, by median earnings, are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($88,304), Manufacturing ($60,221), and Utilities ($42,536).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $12.9B

  2. $12.8B

  3. $7.72B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $12.9B, followed by Crude petroleum with $12.8B and Electronics and $7.72B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico state.

$69.2B

2015 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

59.8% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Mexico trade was $69.2B. This is expected to increase 59.8% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $9.94B

  2. $8.59B

  3. $5.67B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $9.94B, followed by Arizona with $8.59B and Oregon and $5.67B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.4% of the population of Sierra County, NM has health coverage, with 22% on employee plans, 27.8% on Medicaid, 22.9% on Medicare, 15.1% on non-group plans, and 4.64% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Sierra County, NM was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Sierra County, NM see 2820 patients per year on average, which represents a 49.4% increase from the previous year (1888 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1243 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 533 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2820 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Sierra County, NM see an average of 2820 patients per year. This represents a 49.4% increase from the previous year (1888 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Sierra County, NM in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.58%

Uninsured

22%

Employer Coverage

27.8%

Medicaid

22.9%

Medicare

15.1%

Non-Group

4.64%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Sierra County, NM declined by 29% from 10.7% to 7.58%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Sierra County, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Sierra County, NM is home to a population of 11.3k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.19% of Sierra County, NM residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Sierra County, NM is composed of 7.4k White Alone residents (65.7%), 3.37k Hispanic or Latino residents (29.9%), 239 Two or More Races residents (2.12%), 121 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.08%), 62 Black or African American Alone residents (0.551%), 58 Asian Alone residents (0.515%), 8 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0711%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Sierra County, NM are Spanish or Spanish Creole (2,224 speakers), Tagalog (44 speakers), and German (22 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

56

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

51

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 9.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Sierra County, NM was 55.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 56, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 51. But people in Sierra County, NM are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Sierra County, NM residents was 56.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.19%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.99%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 4.19% of Sierra County, NM residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Sierra County, NM was 3.99%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Sierra County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    145,710 ± 9,038 people

  2. Germany

    5,026 ± 1,738 people

  3. Philippines

    3,772 ± 1,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Sierra County, NM was Mexico, the natal country of 145,710 Sierra County, NM residents, followed by Germany with 5,026 and Philippines with 3,772.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.5% of Sierra County, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Sierra County, NM was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Sierra County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    7.4k ± 33

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3.37k ± 216

  3. Two or More Races

    239 ± 67.1

In 2017, there were 2.2 times more White Alone residents (7.4k people) in Sierra County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.37k Hispanic or Latino and 239 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Sierra County, NM as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    2,224 speakers (20.1%)

  2. Tagalog

    44 speakers (0.398%)

  3. German

    22 speakers (0.199%)

21% of Sierra County, NM citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Sierra County, NM was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 20.1% of the overall population of Sierra County, NM are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.398% speak Tagalog and 0.199% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    780 ± 140

  2. Korea

    199 ± 65

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    130 ± 74

Sierra County, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.92 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Sierra County, NM was $99,600 in 2017, which is 0.458 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $89,900 to $99,600, a 10.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Sierra County, NM is 74.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Sierra County, NM have an average commute time of 16.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Sierra County, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$29,690

Median Household Income

± $1,938

5.4k

Number of Households

± 439

In 2017, the median household income of the 5.4k households in Sierra County, NM grew to $29,690 from the previous year's value of $29,679.

The following chart displays the households in Sierra County, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$99,600

2017 Median

± $13,833

$89,900

2016 Median

± $10,770

In 2017, the median property value in Sierra County, NM grew to to $99,600 from the previous year's value of $89,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Sierra County, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sierra County, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Sierra County, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sierra County, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.4%

2017 Homeownership

72.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.4% of the housing units in Sierra County, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Sierra County, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Sierra County, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Sierra County, NM have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

16.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Sierra County, NM have a shorter commute time (16.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.33% of the workforce in Sierra County, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Sierra County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83%

  2. Carpooled

    8.35%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.56%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Sierra County, NM was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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