Sheffield, AL

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Population

9,007

0.662% decline

Median Age

44


Median Household Income

$33,463

1.2% decline

Poverty Rate

24.8%


Number of Employees

3,429

1.94% decline

Median Property Value

$87,700

1.35% decline

About

In 2017, Sheffield, AL had a population of 9.01k people with a median age of 44 and a median household income of $33,463. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Sheffield, AL declined from 9,067 to 9,007, a -0.662% decrease and its median household income declined from $33,869 to $33,463, a -1.2% decrease.

The population of Sheffield, AL is 71% White Alone, 22.9% Black or African American Alone, and 2.9% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Sheffield, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.8% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Sheffield, AL is $87,700, and the homeownership rate is 57.8%. Most people in Sheffield, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Sheffield, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Overlooking the Tennessee River from Muscle Shoals, Al.

Economy

The economy of Sheffield, AL employs 3.43k people. The largest industries in Sheffield, AL are Manufacturing (642 people), Retail Trade (531 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (378 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($69,375), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($51,324), and Construction ($48,684).

Median household income in Sheffield, AL is $33,463. Males in Sheffield, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Sheffield, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$33,463

2017 value

± $3,767

-1.2%

1 Year Growth

± 14.7%

Households in Sheffield, AL have a median annual income of $33,463, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $33,869 in 2016, which represents a -1.2% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Sheffield, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Sheffield, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 207.01

  2. Census Tract 204

  3. Census Tract 207.04

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Sheffield, AL was Census Tract 207.01 with a value of $61,775, followed by Census Tract 204 and Census Tract 207.04, with respective values of $55,388 and $52,292.

The following map shows all of the places in Sheffield, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Sheffield, AL (2.22k out of 8.95k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,255 ± 229

  2. Black

    786 ± 192

  3. Two Or More

    147 ± 115

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Sheffield, AL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.43k

2017 Value

± 351

-1.94%

1 Year decline

± 14.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sheffield, AL declined at a rate of -1.94%, from 3.5k employees to 3.43k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Sheffield, AL, are Sales & Related Occupations (520 people), Production Occupations (438 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (323 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Sheffield, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Sheffield, AL, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (520 people), Production Occupations (438 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (323 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Sheffield, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.2 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.19 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.6 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Sheffield, AL, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($72,826), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($56,607), and Construction & Extraction Occupations ($52,528).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.43k

2017 Value

± 351

-1.94%

1 Year decline

± 14.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sheffield, AL declined at a rate of -1.94%, from 3.5k employees to 3.43k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Sheffield, AL, are Manufacturing (642 people), Retail Trade (531 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (378 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Sheffield, AL, though some of these residents may live in Sheffield, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Sheffield, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (642 people), Retail Trade (531 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (378 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Sheffield, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (3.58 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.85 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Sheffield, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($69,375), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($51,324), and Construction ($48,684).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $43.7B

  2. $29.7B

  3. $23.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $43.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.7B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($23.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$265B

2020 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

38.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 38.3% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.4B

  2. $17.9B

  3. $16.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $27.4B, followed by Florida with $17.9B and Tennessee and $16.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.5% of the population of Sheffield, AL has health coverage, with 35.2% on employee plans, 19.5% on Medicaid, 17.1% on Medicare, 14.2% on non-group plans, and 2.38% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Sheffield, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Sheffield, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.5%

Uninsured

35.2%

Employer Coverage

19.5%

Medicaid

17.1%

Medicare

14.2%

Non-Group

2.38%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Sheffield, AL declined by 4.06% from 12% to 11.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Sheffield, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Sheffield, AL is home to a population of 9.01k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.92% of Sheffield, AL residents were born outside of the country (173 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Sheffield, AL is composed of 6.4k White Alone residents (71%), 2.06k Black or African American Alone residents (22.9%), 261 Two or More Races residents (2.9%), 210 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.33%), 49 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.544%), 19 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.211%), 12 Asian Alone residents (0.133%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.5

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Sheffield, AL was 44. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Sheffield, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Sheffield, AL residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.92%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

173 people

1.73%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

157 people

As of 2017, 1.92% of Sheffield, AL residents (173 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Sheffield, AL was 1.73%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Sheffield, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

98.8%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.8% of Sheffield, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Sheffield, AL was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Sheffield, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    6.4k ± 333

  2. Black or African American Alone

    2.06k ± 315

  3. Two or More Races

    261 ± 130

In 2017, there were 3.1 times more White Alone residents (6.4k people) in Sheffield, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.06k Black or African American Alone and 261 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Sheffield, AL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    179 ± 82

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    114 ± 61

  3. Korea

    60 ± 45

Sheffield, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.57 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Sheffield, AL was $87,700 in 2017, which is 0.382 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $88,900 to $87,700, a 1.35% decrease. The homeownership rate in Sheffield, AL is 57.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Sheffield, AL have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Sheffield, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$87,700

2017 Median

± $6,030

$88,900

2016 Median

± $9,574

In 2017, the median property value in Sheffield, AL declined from to $87,700 from the previous year's value of $88,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Sheffield, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sheffield, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$33,463

Median Household Income

± $3,767

4.05k

Number of Households

± 367

In 2017, the median household income of the 4.05k households in Sheffield, AL declined from $33,463 from the previous year's value of $33,869.

The following chart displays the households in Sheffield, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Sheffield, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sheffield, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

57.8%

2017 Homeownership

56.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 57.8% of the housing units in Sheffield, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 56.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Sheffield, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Sheffield, AL have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.37% of the workforce in Sheffield, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Sheffield, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    88.3%

  2. Carpooled

    5.48%

  3. Walked

    2.8%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Sheffield, AL was Drove Alone (88.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (5.48%) and those who Walked (2.8%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Sheffield, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Sheffield, AL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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