Reading, MA

Census Place

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Population
25,100
2.6% 1-year decline
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ed Markey
Democratic Party
Median Age
42.8

Poverty Rate
3.24%

Median Household Income
$112,634
1.5% 1-year decline
Median Property Value
$534,100
8.73% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
13,571
4.05% 1-year decline

About

In 2018, Reading, MA had a population of 25.1k people with a median age of 42.8 and a median household income of $112,634. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Reading, MA declined from 25,769 to 25,100, a -2.6% decrease and its median household income declined from $114,354 to $112,634, a -1.5% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Reading, MA are White (Non-Hispanic) (91%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.66%), White (Hispanic) (1.49%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (0.873%), and Other (Hispanic) (0.598%). 0% of the households in Reading, MA speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 97.7% of the residents in Reading, MA are U.S. citizens.

In 2018, the median property value in Reading, MA was $534,100, and the homeownership rate was 83%. Most people in Reading, MA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 31.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Reading, MA was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Massachusetts. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Massachusetts, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Massachusetts (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Start Year
Y-Axis
-5.78%
Year-over-year decline
Employment change between November 2019 and November 2020

As of November 2020, there are 145M people employed in Massachusetts. This represents a -5.78% decrease in employment when compared to November 2019.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Massachusetts.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Massachusetts across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Middlesex County, MA went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 66.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (28%), followed by Other (5.6%). The most partisan county was Suffolk County, MA with 79.6% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing the state of Massachusetts. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Massachusetts.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Middlesex County, MA
66.4% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Massachusetts
  1. 79.6% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 73% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  3. 67.5% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Massachusetts was Suffolk County, MA with 79.6% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Massachusetts colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Massachusetts

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Elizabeth Warren
Senator from Massachusetts1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ed Markey
Senator from Massachusetts2
Assumed office on July 16, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Mo Cowan, who had been appointed to replace John Kerry, who had become Secretary of State.

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing Massachusetts.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Massachusetts over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Massachusetts

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Massachusetts have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Reading, MA is home to a population of 25.1k people, from which 97.7% are citizens. As of 2018, 8.76% of Reading, MA residents were born outside of the country (2.2k people).

In 2018, there were 19.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (22.8k people) in Reading, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.17k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 375 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Reading, MA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    22.8k ± 393
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    1.17k ± 194
  3. White (Hispanic)
    375 ± 187
2.77%
Hispanic Population
696 people

In 2018, there were 19.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (22.8k people) in Reading, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.17k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 375 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.77% of the people in Reading, MA are hispanic (696 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Reading, MA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.76%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
2.2k people
8.77%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
2.26k people

As of 2018, 8.76% of Reading, MA residents (2.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Reading, MA was 8.77%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Reading, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

42
Median Native-Born Age
± 1.3
50
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 6.3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Reading, MA was 42.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 50. But people in Reading, MA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Reading, MA residents was 42.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.
Most Common Origin
  1. China
    96,127 ± 7,558 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    89,373 ± 7,292 people
  3. Brazil
    77,815 ± 6,810 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Massachusetts was China, the natal country of 96,127 Massachusetts residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 89,373 and Brazil with 77,815.

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Citizenship

97.7%
2018 Citizenship
96.9%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.7% of Reading, MA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Reading, MA was 96.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Reading, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    383 ± 129
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    169 ± 139
  3. Korea
    138 ± 75

Reading, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.27 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Reading, MA is $112,634. In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income in Reading, MA was Census Tract 3343 with a value of $142,113, followed by Census Tract 3341 and Census Tract 3342, with respective values of $133,095 and $102,634.

Males in Massachusetts have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $67,290. The income inequality in Massachusetts (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Reading, MA employs 13.6k people. The largest industries in Reading, MA are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,300 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1,764 people), and Educational Services (1,605 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($105,257), Manufacturing ($101,020), and Public Administration ($100,500).

Wages

Median Household Income

$112,634
2018 value
± $10,940
-1.5%
1 Year Growth
± 11.7%

Households in Reading, MA have a median annual income of $112,634, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $114,354 in 2017, which represents a -1.5% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Reading, MA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.
$89,585
Average Male Salary in Massachusetts
± $1,887
$67,290
Average Female Salary in Massachusetts
± $1,359

In 2019, full-time male employees in Massachusetts made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Massachusetts by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Massachusetts
  1. Asian
    $75,473 ± $4,254
  2. White
    $69,510 ± $1,187
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $57,778 ± $35,604

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Massachusetts workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Massachusetts.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Massachusetts by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Reading, MA is from Massachusetts.
0.483
2019 Wage GINI in Massachusetts
0.485
2018 Wage GINI in Massachusetts

In 2019, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.424% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 3343
  2. Census Tract 3341
  3. Census Tract 3342

In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Reading, MA was Census Tract 3343 with a value of $142,113, followed by Census Tract 3341 and Census Tract 3342, with respective values of $133,095 and $102,634.

The following map shows all of the places in Reading, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

3.24% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Reading, MA (808 out of 24.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 65 - 74 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    711 ± 192
  2. Hispanic
    125 ± 127
  3. Other
    82 ± 126

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Reading, MA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

13.6k
2018 Value
± 786
-4.05%
1 Year decline
± 8.72%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Reading, MA declined at a rate of -4.05%, from 14.1k employees to 13.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Reading, MA, are Management Occupations (2,153 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,371 people), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1,343 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Reading, MA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Reading, MA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (2,153 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,371 people), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1,343 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Reading, MA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.98 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (2.16 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.85 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Reading, MA, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($108,818), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($106,394), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($105,385).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

13.6k
2018 Value
± 786
-4.05%
1 Year decline
± 8.72%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Reading, MA declined at a rate of -4.05%, from 14.1k employees to 13.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Reading, MA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,300 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1,764 people), and Educational Services (1,605 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Reading, MA, though some of these residents may live in Reading, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Reading, MA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,300 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1,764 people), and Educational Services (1,605 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Reading, MA has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.83 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.52 times), and Information (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Reading, MA, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($105,257), Manufacturing ($101,020), and Public Administration ($100,500).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $33.2B
  2. $30.5B
  3. $29.4B

In 2018, the top outbound Massachusetts product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $33.2B, followed by Mixed freight ($30.5B) and Electronics ($29.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Massachusetts products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Massachusetts.
$277B
2018 Value in Massachusetts
$573B
Projected 2045 Value in Massachusetts
107% growth

In 2018, total outbound Massachusetts trade was $277B. This is expected to increase 107% to $573B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Massachusetts trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $23.6B
  2. $17.6B
  3. $13B

In 2018, the top outbound Massachusetts domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $23.6B, followed by New Hampshire with $17.6B and Connecticut and $13B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Massachusetts shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Reading, MA was $534,100 in 2018, which is 2.33 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $491,200 to $534,100, a 8.73% increase. The homeownership rate in Reading, MA is 83%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Reading, MA have an average commute time of 31.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Reading, MA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$534,100
2018 Median
± $16,953
$491,200
2017 Median
± $11,260

In 2018, the median property value in Reading, MA grew to to $534,100 from the previous year's value of $491,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Reading, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Reading, MA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$112,634
Median Household Income
± $10,940
9.11k
Number of Households
± 644

In 2018, the median household income of the 9.11k households in Reading, MA declined from $112,634 from the previous year's value of $114,354.

The following chart displays the households in Reading, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Reading, MA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Reading, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

83%
2018 Homeownership
78.8%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 83% of the housing units in Reading, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 78.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Reading, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

31.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Reading, MA have a longer commute time (31.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 1.98% of the workforce in Reading, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Reading, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (75.2%)
  2. Public Transit (10%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.1%)

In 2018, 75.2% of workers in Reading, MA drove alone to work, followed by those who used public transit to get to work (10%) and those who worked at home (6.1%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Reading, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Reading, MA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

98.9% of the population of Reading, MA has health coverage, with 70.5% on employee plans, 6.25% on Medicaid, 12.1% on Medicare, 9.7% on non-group plans, and 0.397% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Massachusetts was $10,559 in 2014. This is a 2.78% increase from the previous year ($10,273).

Primary care physicians in Middlesex County, MA see 793 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.627% decrease from the previous year (798 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 980 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 166 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Plymouth County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.1%). Additionally, Hampden County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (30.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Middlesex County, MA.
793 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Middlesex County, MA

Primary care physicians in Middlesex County, MA see an average of 793 patients per year. This represents a 0.627% decrease from the previous year (798 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Middlesex County, MA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
$10,559
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Massachusetts
$5,302
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,922
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,899
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Massachusetts (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.78%, from $10,273 to $10,559.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

1.05%
Uninsured
70.5%
Employer Coverage
6.25%
Medicaid
12.1%
Medicare
9.7%
Non-Group
0.397%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Reading, MA declined by 8.43% from 1.15% to 1.05%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Reading, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 11.1% prevalence
  2. 10.7% prevalence
  3. 10.6% prevalence

Plymouth County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts, at 11.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts by county over multiple years.

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