Puerto Rico

State

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2019 Population
3.19M
0.0457% 1-year decline
2019 Median Age
43.1
0.466% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
44.1%
1.1% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$20,474
0.877% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$110,300
0.451% 1-year decline
2019 Employed Population
933,001
3.44% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Puerto Rico had a population of 3.19M people with a median age of 43.1 and a median household income of $20,474. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Puerto Rico declined from 3.2M to 3.19M, a −0.0457% decrease and its median household income grew from $20,296 to $20,474, a 0.877% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Puerto Rico are White (Hispanic) (63%), Other (Hispanic) (15.7%), Black or African American (Hispanic) (12.3%), Two+ (Hispanic) (7%), and White (Non-Hispanic) (1.33%). 0% of the households in Puerto Rico speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

The largest universities in Puerto Rico are Instituto de Banca y Comercio Inc (4,966 degrees awarded in 2019), National University College (3,290 degrees), and Universidad Ana G. Mendez-Gurabo Campus (3,241 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Puerto Rico was $110,300, and the homeownership rate was 68.6%. Most people in Puerto Rico drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 29.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Puerto Rico was 2 cars per household.

Puerto Rico borders .

Diversity

In 2019, there were 4.02 times more White (Hispanic) residents (2.01M people) in Puerto Rico than any other race or ethnicity. There were 500k Other (Hispanic) and 392k Black or African American (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Puerto Rico
  1. White (Hispanic)
    2.01M ± 16.9k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    500k ± 15.5k
  3. Black or African American (Hispanic)
    392k ± 10.9k
98.2%
Hispanic Population
3.13M people

In 2019, there were 4.02 times more White (Hispanic) residents (2.01M people) in Puerto Rico than any other race or ethnicity. There were 500k Other (Hispanic) and 392k Black or African American (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

98.2% of the people in Puerto Rico are hispanic (3.13M people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Puerto Rico as a share of the total population.

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Age by Nativity

43
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.2
54
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.7

In 2019, the median age of all people in Puerto Rico was 43.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 54. But people in Puerto Rico are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Puerto Rico residents was 43.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Dominican Republic
    51,729 ± 5,539 people
  2. Cuba
    9,424 ± 2,380 people
  3. Colombia
    5,020 ± 1,738 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Puerto Rico was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 51,729 Puerto Rico residents, followed by Cuba with 9,424 and Colombia with 5,020.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    25,308 ± 2,398
  2. Korea
    11,368 ± 1,617
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    9,861 ± 1,741

Puerto Rico has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.23 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Puerto Rico is $20,474. In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Puerto Rico was Guaynabo Municipio, PR with a value of $37,499, followed by Trujillo Alto Municipio, PR and Toa Alta Municipio, PR, with respective values of $32,244 and $28,440.

Males in Puerto Rico have an average income that is 1.13 times higher than the average income of females, which is $30,511. The income inequality in Puerto Rico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Puerto Rico employs 933k people. The largest industries in Puerto Rico are Restaurants & Food Services (68,697 people), Elementary & secondary schools (68,252 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (44,267 people), and the highest paying industries are Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($68,921), U. S. Army ($66,180), and U. S. Air Force ($62,319).

Wages

Median Household Income

$20,474
2019 value
± $382
0.877%
1 Year Growth
± 2.78%

Households in Puerto Rico have a median annual income of $20,474, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $20,296 in 2018, which represents a 0.877% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Puerto Rico compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$34,540
Average Male Salary in Puerto Rico
± $1,650
$30,511
Average Female Salary in Puerto Rico
± $1,376

In 2019, full-time male employees in Puerto Rico made 1.13 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Puerto Rico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Puerto Rico
  1. Asian
    $49,403 ± $36,490
  2. American Indian
    $40,161 ± $31,668
  3. White
    $28,996 ± $1,173

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Puerto Rico workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Puerto Rico.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Puerto Rico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.466
2019 Wage GINI in Puerto Rico
0.442
2018 Wage GINI in Puerto Rico

In 2019, the income inequality in Puerto Rico was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 5.5% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Puerto Rico was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Puerto Rico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Puerto Rico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Puerto Rico was Guaynabo Municipio, PR with a value of $37,499, followed by Trujillo Alto Municipio, PR and Toa Alta Municipio, PR, with respective values of $32,244 and $28,440.

The following map shows all of the counties in Puerto Rico colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

44.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Puerto Rico (1.45M out of 3.29M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    1,433,527 ± 7,563
  2. White
    906,541 ± 6,492
  3. Other
    284,826 ± 4,158

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Puerto Rico is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

933k
2019 Value
3.44%
1 Year growth
± 3.44%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Puerto Rico grew at a rate of 3.44%, from 902k employees to 933k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Puerto Rico, are Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (44,944 people), Cashiers (39,928 people), and Retail salespersons (31,356 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Puerto Rico.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Puerto Rico, by number of employees, are Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (44,944 people), Cashiers (39,928 people), and Retail salespersons (31,356 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Puerto Rico has an unusually high number of residents working as Food preparation and serving related workers, all other (6.87 times higher than expected), Telephone operators (6.01 times), and Sewing machine operators (5.81 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Puerto Rico, by average salary, are Chemical engineers ($191,068), Physicians ($108,596), and Business operations specialists, all other ($102,966).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

933k
2019 Value
3.44%
1 Year growth
± 3.44%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Puerto Rico grew at a rate of 3.44%, from 902k employees to 933k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Puerto Rico, are Restaurants & Food Services (68,697 people), Elementary & secondary schools (68,252 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (44,267 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Puerto Rico, though some of these residents may live in Puerto Rico and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Puerto Rico, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (68,697 people), Elementary & secondary schools (68,252 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (44,267 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Puerto Rico has an unusually high number of Retail bakeries (7.47 times higher than expected), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing (6.59 times), and Other general government & support (5.73 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Puerto Rico, by average salary, are Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($68,921), U. S. Army ($66,180), and U. S. Air Force ($62,319).

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Education

In 2019, universities in Puerto Rico awarded 50,922 degrees. The student population of Puerto Rico is skewed towards women, with 81,789 male students and 116,028 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Puerto Rico are Hispanic or Latino (49,732 and 97.8%), followed by Unknown (727 and 1.43%), White (118 and 0.232%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (90 and 0.177%).

The largest universities in Puerto Rico by number of degrees awarded are Instituto de Banca y Comercio Inc (4,966 and 9.75%), National University College (3,290 and 6.46%), and Universidad Ana G. Mendez-Gurabo Campus (3,241 and 6.36%).

The most popular majors in Puerto Rico are Registered Nursing (4,807 and 9.44%), General Cosmetology (1,524 and 2.99%), and Accounting (1,326 and 2.6%).

The median tuition costs in Puerto Rico are $4,920 for private four year colleges, and $3,968 and $5,952 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 3,462 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 1,042 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 1,020 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Puerto Rico was Registered Nursing with 3,462 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Puerto Rico according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,966 degrees awarded
  2. 3,290 degrees awarded
  3. 3,241 degrees awarded
$3,968
Median In-State Public
$4,920
Median Private

In 2019, the Puerto Rico institution with the largest number of graduating students was Instituto de Banca y Comercio Inc with 4,966 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

20,389
Degrees Awarded to Men
30,533
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 20,389 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Puerto Rico, which is 0.668 times less than the 30,533 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Puerto Rico by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Hispanic or Latino
    49,732 degrees awarded
  2. Unknown
    727 degrees awarded
  3. White
    118 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Puerto Rico was Hispanic or Latino students. These 49,732 degrees mean that there were 68.4 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 727 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Puerto Rico was $110,300 in 2019, which is 0.459 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $110,800 to $110,300, a 0.451% decrease. The homeownership rate in Puerto Rico is 68.6%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Puerto Rico have an average commute time of 29.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Puerto Rico is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$110,300
2019 Median
± $1,108
$110,800
2018 Median
± $1,053

In 2019, the median property value in Puerto Rico declined from to $110,300 from the previous year's value of $110,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Puerto Rico compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Puerto Rico the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$20,474
Median Household Income
± $382
1.17M
Number of Households
± 17,149

In 2019, the median household income of the 1.17M households in Puerto Rico grew to $20,474 from the previous year's value of $20,296.

The following chart displays the households in Puerto Rico distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

None
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Puerto Rico distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Puerto Rico the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

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Rent vs Own

68.6%
2019 Homeownership
67.3%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 68.6% of the housing units in Puerto Rico were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Puerto Rico compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

29.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Puerto Rico have a longer commute time (29.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26 minutes). Additionally, 3.79% of the workforce in Puerto Rico have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Puerto Rico compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (84.3%)
  2. Carpooled (7.73%)
  3. Walked (2.8%)

In 2019, 84.3% of workers in Puerto Rico drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.73%) and those who walked to work (2.8%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Puerto Rico distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Puerto Rico have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

92.2% of the population of Puerto Rico has health coverage, with 23.1% on employee plans, 43.6% on Medicaid, 13.2% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 0.917% on military or VA plans.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Coverage

7.76%
Uninsured
23.1%
Employer Coverage
43.6%
Medicaid
13.2%
Medicare
11.4%
Non-Group
0.917%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Puerto Rico grew by 21.3% from 6.4% to 7.76%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Puerto Rico changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. N/A
    N/A
  2. N/A
    N/A
  3. N/A
    N/A

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The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in false by county over multiple years.

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