Puerto Rico

State

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2020 Population
3.26M
1.89% 1-year decline
2020 Median Age
42.4
1.68% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
43.4%
1.46% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$21,058
2.53% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$111,200
0.269% 1-year decline
2020 Employed Population
929,492
0.115% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Puerto Rico had a population of 3.26M people with a median age of 42.4 and a median household income of $21,058. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Puerto Rico declined from 3.32M to 3.26M, a −1.89% decrease and its median household income grew from $20,539 to $21,058, a 2.53% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Puerto Rico are White (Hispanic) (59%), Other (Hispanic) (18.6%), Black or African American (Hispanic) (11.2%), Two+ (Hispanic) (9.62%), and White (Non-Hispanic) (0.974%).

94.6% of the households in Puerto Rico reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

The largest universities in Puerto Rico are National University College (9,632 degrees awarded in 2020), Universidad Ana G. Mendez-Gurabo Campus (2,717 degrees), and University of Puerto Rico-Rio Piedras (2,535 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Puerto Rico was $111,200, and the homeownership rate was 67.8%. Most people in Puerto Rico drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 29.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Puerto Rico was 2 cars per household.

Puerto Rico borders .

Diversity

In 2020, there were 3.18 times more White (Hispanic) residents (1.92M people) in Puerto Rico than any other race or ethnicity. There were 605k Other (Hispanic) and 365k Black or African American (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Puerto Rico are Spanish (2,952,046 households), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (1,275 households), and French (Incl. Cajun) (1,067 households).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Puerto Rico
  1. White (Hispanic)
    1.92M ± 11.3k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    605k ± 8.9k
  3. Black or African American (Hispanic)
    365k ± 8.06k
98.7%
Hispanic Population
3.21M people

In 2020, there were 3.18 times more White (Hispanic) residents (1.92M people) in Puerto Rico than any other race or ethnicity. There were 605k Other (Hispanic) and 365k Black or African American (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

98.7% of the people in Puerto Rico are hispanic (3.21M people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Puerto Rico as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    2,952,046 households (94.5%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    1,275 households (0.0408%)
  3. French (Incl. Cajun)
    1,067 households (0.0341%)

94.6% of the households in Puerto Rico reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Puerto Rico was Spanish. 94.5% of the households in Puerto Rico reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Age by Nativity

42
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.1
53
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.6

In 2020, the median age of all people in Puerto Rico was 42.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 53. But people in Puerto Rico are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all Puerto Rico residents was 42.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Dominican Republic
    51,432 ± 5,524 people
  2. Cuba
    10,896 ± 2,558 people
  3. Colombia
    3,744 ± 1,501 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Puerto Rico was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 51,432 Puerto Rico residents, followed by Cuba with 10,896 and Colombia with 3,744.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    24,804 ± 1,044
  2. Korea
    11,766 ± 723
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    11,425 ± 881

Puerto Rico has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.11 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Puerto Rico is $21,058. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Puerto Rico was Guaynabo Municipio, PR with a value of $36,073, followed by Gurabo Municipio, PR and Trujillo Alto Municipio, PR, with respective values of $35,367 and $32,611.

Males in Puerto Rico have an average income that is 1.11 times higher than the average income of females, which is $31,123. The income inequality in Puerto Rico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.451, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Puerto Rico employs 929k people. The largest industries in Puerto Rico are Elementary & secondary schools (70,153 people), Restaurants & Food Services (66,055 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (48,647 people), and the highest paying industries are Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($65,059), Computer & peripheral equipment manufacturing ($65,058), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($62,105).

Wages

Median Household Income

$21,058
2020 value
± $186
2.53%
1 Year Growth
± 1.23%

Households in Puerto Rico have a median annual income of $21,058, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $20,539 in 2019, which represents a 2.53% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Puerto Rico compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

$34,458
Average Male Salary in Puerto Rico
± $1,503
$31,123
Average Female Salary in Puerto Rico
± $1,304

In 2020, full-time male employees in Puerto Rico made 1.11 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Puerto Rico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Puerto Rico
  1. American Indian
    $48,440 ± $56,630
  2. Asian
    $30,390 ± $23,086
  3. Two or More Races
    $28,682 ± $2,549

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Puerto Rico workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.59 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Puerto Rico.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Puerto Rico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.451
2020 Wage GINI in Puerto Rico
0.45
2019 Wage GINI in Puerto Rico

In 2020, the income inequality in Puerto Rico was 0.451 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.195% growth from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Puerto Rico was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Puerto Rico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Puerto Rico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Puerto Rico was Guaynabo Municipio, PR with a value of $36,073, followed by Gurabo Municipio, PR and Trujillo Alto Municipio, PR, with respective values of $35,367 and $32,611.

The following map shows all of the counties in Puerto Rico colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

43.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Puerto Rico (1.4M out of 3.23M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    1,386,150 ± 7,580
  2. White
    802,063 ± 6,489
  3. Other
    301,021 ± 4,471

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Puerto Rico is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

929k
2020 Value
−0.115%
1 Year decline
± −0.115%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Puerto Rico declined at a rate of −0.115%, from 931k employees to 929k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Puerto Rico, are Cashiers (43,799 people), Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (42,689 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (30,345 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Puerto Rico.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Puerto Rico, by number of employees, are Cashiers (43,799 people), Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (42,689 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (30,345 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Puerto Rico has an unusually high number of residents working as Shoe & leather workers (8.86 times higher than expected), Pharmacy aides (8.13 times), and Helpers, construction trades (4.95 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Puerto Rico, by average salary, are Architectural & engineering managers ($183,843), Surgeons ($148,308), and Physicians ($109,578).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

929k
2020 Value
−0.115%
1 Year decline
± −0.115%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Puerto Rico declined at a rate of −0.115%, from 931k employees to 929k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Puerto Rico, are Elementary & secondary schools (70,153 people), Restaurants & Food Services (66,055 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (48,647 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Puerto Rico, though some of these residents may live in Puerto Rico and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Puerto Rico, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (70,153 people), Restaurants & Food Services (66,055 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (48,647 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Puerto Rico has an unusually high number of Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing (6.65 times higher than expected), Retail bakeries (5.75 times), and Other general government & support (5.59 times) industries.

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Education

In 2020, universities in Puerto Rico awarded 49,505 degrees. The student population of Puerto Rico is skewed towards women, with 77,057 male students and 117,363 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Puerto Rico are Hispanic or Latino (47,529 and 96.1%), followed by Unknown (809 and 1.64%), Black or African American (434 and 0.878%), and White (423 and 0.855%).

The largest universities in Puerto Rico by number of degrees awarded are National University College (9,632 and 19.5%), Universidad Ana G. Mendez-Gurabo Campus (2,717 and 5.49%), and University of Puerto Rico-Rio Piedras (2,535 and 5.12%).

The most popular majors in Puerto Rico are Registered Nursing (4,404 and 8.9%), Accounting (1,240 and 2.5%), and General Cosmetology (1,199 and 2.42%).

The median tuition costs in Puerto Rico are $4,920 for private four year colleges, and $3,968 and $4,216 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 3,355 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 1,130 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 900 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Puerto Rico was Registered Nursing with 3,355 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Puerto Rico according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 9,632 degrees awarded
  2. 2,717 degrees awarded
  3. 2,535 degrees awarded
$3,968
Median In-State Public
$4,920
Median Private

In 2020, the Puerto Rico institution with the largest number of graduating students was National University College with 9,632 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

19,539
Degrees Awarded to Men
29,966
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 19,539 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Puerto Rico, which is 0.652 times less than the 29,966 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the institutions in Puerto Rico by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Hispanic or Latino
    47,529 degrees awarded
  2. Unknown
    809 degrees awarded
  3. Black or African American
    434 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Puerto Rico was Hispanic or Latino students. These 47,529 degrees mean that there were 58.8 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 809 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Puerto Rico was $111,200 in 2020, which is 0.484 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $111,500 to $111,200, a 0.269% decrease. The homeownership rate in Puerto Rico is 67.8%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Puerto Rico have an average commute time of 29.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Puerto Rico is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$111,200
2020 Median
± $532
$111,500
2019 Median
± $566

In 2020, the median property value in Puerto Rico declined from to $111,200 from the previous year's value of $111,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Puerto Rico compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Puerto Rico the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$21,058
Median Household Income
± $186
1.21M
Number of Households
± 8,209

In 2020, the median household income of the 1.21M households in Puerto Rico grew to $21,058 from the previous year's value of $20,539.

The following chart displays the households in Puerto Rico distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

None
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Puerto Rico distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Puerto Rico the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

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Rent vs Own

67.8%
2020 Homeownership
68.1%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 67.8% of the housing units in Puerto Rico were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Puerto Rico compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

29.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Puerto Rico have a longer commute time (29.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 3.51% of the workforce in Puerto Rico have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Puerto Rico compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (83.4%)
  2. Carpooled (7.68%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.07%)

In 2020, 83.4% of workers in Puerto Rico drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.68%) and those who worked at home (3.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Puerto Rico distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Puerto Rico have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

93.2% of the population of Puerto Rico has health coverage, with 23.5% on employee plans, 44.4% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.06% on military or VA plans.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Coverage

6.8%
Uninsured
23.5%
Employer Coverage
44.4%
Medicaid
12.9%
Medicare
11.3%
Non-Group
1.06%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Puerto Rico grew by 3.81% from 6.55% to 6.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Puerto Rico changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. N/A
    N/A
  2. N/A
    N/A
  3. N/A
    N/A

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The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in false by county over multiple years.

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