Otter Tail County, MN

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Population

57,790

0.166% growth

Median Age

46.6


Median Household Income

$55,181

3.43% growth

Poverty Rate

9.42%


Number of Employees

28,208

0.923% growth

Median Property Value

$170,900

1.18% growth

About

In 2017, Otter Tail County, MN had a population of 57.8k people with a median age of 46.6 and a median household income of $55,181. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Otter Tail County, MN grew from 57,694 to 57,790, a 0.166% increase and its median household income grew from $53,351 to $55,181, a 3.43% increase.

The population of Otter Tail County, MN is 93% White Alone, 3.24% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.36% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Otter Tail County, MN speak a non-English language, and 98.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Otter Tail County, MN are Minnesota State Community and Technical College (1,455 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Otter Tail County, MN is $170,900, and the homeownership rate is 78.8%. Most people in Otter Tail County, MN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Otter Tail County, MN is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Otter Tail County, MN employs 28.2k people. The largest industries in Otter Tail County, MN are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,006 people), Manufacturing (4,046 people), and Retail Trade (3,013 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($74,167), Utilities ($69,688), and Public Administration ($52,183).

Median household income in Otter Tail County, MN is $55,181. Males in Otter Tail County, MN have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,870. The income inequality in Otter Tail County, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,181

2017 value

± $1,509

3.43%

1 Year Growth

± 3.52%

Households in Otter Tail County, MN have a median annual income of $55,181, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,351 in 2016, which represents a 3.43% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Otter Tail County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

$69,210

Average Male Salary

± $1,573

$52,870

Average Female Salary

± $1,202

In 2017, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $53,440 ± $951

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $51,343 ± $59,950

  3. Asian

    $50,326 ± $4,235

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Otter Tail County, MN is from Minnesota.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.466

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.29% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9617

  2. Census Tract 9608

  3. Census Tract 9601.03

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Otter Tail County, MN was Census Tract 9617 with a value of $76,385, followed by Census Tract 9608 and Census Tract 9601.03, with respective values of $73,906 and $70,391.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Otter Tail County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 75+

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.42% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Otter Tail County, MN (5.35k out of 56.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 75+, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,654 ± 326

  2. Black

    512 ± 129

  3. Hispanic

    184 ± 99

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Otter Tail County, MN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

28.2k

2017 Value

± 745

0.923%

1 Year growth

± 3.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Otter Tail County, MN grew at a rate of 0.923%, from 28k employees to 28.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Otter Tail County, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,117 people), Management Occupations (2,733 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,707 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Otter Tail County, MN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Otter Tail County, MN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,117 people), Management Occupations (2,733 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,707 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Otter Tail County, MN has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.47 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.59 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.37 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Otter Tail County, MN, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($62,067), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($61,397), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($59,107).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

28.2k

2017 Value

± 745

0.923%

1 Year growth

± 3.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Otter Tail County, MN grew at a rate of 0.923%, from 28k employees to 28.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Otter Tail County, MN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,006 people), Manufacturing (4,046 people), and Retail Trade (3,013 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Otter Tail County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Otter Tail County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Otter Tail County, MN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,006 people), Manufacturing (4,046 people), and Retail Trade (3,013 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Otter Tail County, MN has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.87 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.69 times), and Manufacturing (1.42 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Otter Tail County, MN, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($74,167), Utilities ($69,688), and Public Administration ($52,183).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.9B

  2. $22.1B

  3. $19.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $23.9B, followed by Cereal grains ($22.1B) and Nonmetal min. prods. ($19.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$316B

2015 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

53.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Minnesota trade was $316B. This is expected to increase 53.4% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $24.3B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $25.5B, followed by Iowa with $24.3B and Illinois and $13.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.5% of the population of Otter Tail County, MN has health coverage, with 46.2% on employee plans, 14.1% on Medicaid, 17% on Medicare, 15.7% on non-group plans, and 1.57% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Otter Tail County, MN was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Otter Tail County, MN see 1990 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.151% increase from the previous year (1987 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1613 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 937 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,990 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Otter Tail County, MN see an average of 1,990 patients per year. This represents a 0.151% increase from the previous year (1,987 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Otter Tail County, MN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.46%

Uninsured

46.2%

Employer Coverage

14.1%

Medicaid

17%

Medicare

15.7%

Non-Group

1.57%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Otter Tail County, MN declined by 8.72% from 5.98% to 5.46%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Otter Tail County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Otter Tail County, MN is home to a population of 57.8k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.61% of Otter Tail County, MN residents were born outside of the country (1.51k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Otter Tail County, MN is composed of 53.8k White Alone residents (93%), 1.87k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.24%), 785 Two or More Races residents (1.36%), 781 Black or African American Alone residents (1.35%), 363 Asian Alone residents (0.628%), 223 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.386%), 12 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0208%), and 6 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0104%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Otter Tail County, MN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

47

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Otter Tail County, MN was 46.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 47, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Otter Tail County, MN are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Otter Tail County, MN residents was 47.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.61%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.51k people

2.38%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.37k people

As of 2017, 2.61% of Otter Tail County, MN residents (1.51k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Otter Tail County, MN was 2.38%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Otter Tail County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    65,949 ± 6,267 people

  2. Somalia

    30,092 ± 4,247 people

  3. India

    29,695 ± 4,219 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 65,949 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 30,092 and India with 29,695.

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Citizenship

98.4%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.4% of Otter Tail County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Otter Tail County, MN was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Otter Tail County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    53.8k ± 9

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.87k ± 211

  3. Two or More Races

    785 ± 130

In 2017, there were 28.7 times more White Alone residents (53.8k people) in Otter Tail County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.87k Hispanic or Latino and 785 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Otter Tail County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Otter Tail County, MN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Otter Tail County, MN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Otter Tail County, MN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,748 ± 136

  2. Korea

    569 ± 73

  3. World War II

    400 ± 96

Otter Tail County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Otter Tail County, MN awarded 1,455 degrees. The student population of Otter Tail County, MN is skewed towards women, with 2,543 male students and 3,773 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Otter Tail County, MN are White (1,304 and 90.1%), followed by Two or More Races (42 and 2.9%), Hispanic or Latino (40 and 2.76%), and Black or African American (26 and 1.8%).

The largest universities in Otter Tail County, MN by number of degrees awarded are Minnesota State Community and Technical College (1,455 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Otter Tail County, MN are Liberal Arts & Sciences (351 and 24.1%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (117 and 8.04%), and Registered Nursing (103 and 7.08%).

The median tuition costs in Otter Tail County, MN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 351 degrees awarded

  2. 103 degrees awarded

  3. 59 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Otter Tail County, MN was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 351 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Otter Tail County, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,455 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Otter Tail County, MN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Minnesota State Community and Technical College with 1,455 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

579

Degrees Awarded to Men

876

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 579 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Otter Tail County, MN, which is 0.661 times less than the 876 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Otter Tail County, MN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,304 degrees awarded

  2. Two or More Races

    42 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    40 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Otter Tail County, MN were to White students. These 1,304 degrees mean that there were 31 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Two or More Races, with 42 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Otter Tail County, MN was $170,900 in 2017, which is 0.785 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $168,900 to $170,900, a 1.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Otter Tail County, MN is 78.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Otter Tail County, MN have an average commute time of 19.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Otter Tail County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,181

Median Household Income

± $1,509

24.3k

Number of Households

± 702

In 2017, the median household income of the 24.3k households in Otter Tail County, MN grew to $55,181 from the previous year's value of $53,351.

The following chart displays the households in Otter Tail County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$170,900

2017 Median

± $3,485

$168,900

2016 Median

± $2,954

In 2017, the median property value in Otter Tail County, MN grew to to $170,900 from the previous year's value of $168,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Otter Tail County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Otter Tail County, MN the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Otter Tail County, MN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Otter Tail County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

78.8%

2017 Homeownership

78.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 78.8% of the housing units in Otter Tail County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 78.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Otter Tail County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Otter Tail County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Otter Tail County, MN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

19.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Otter Tail County, MN have a shorter commute time (19.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.47% of the workforce in Otter Tail County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Otter Tail County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78%

  2. Carpooled

    10.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.54%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Otter Tail County, MN was Drove Alone (78%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.2%) and those who Worked At Home (5.54%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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