Clay County, MN

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Population

62,040

1.04% growth

Median Age

32.6


Median Household Income

$61,409

3.01% growth

Poverty Rate

12.5%


Number of Employees

33,502

0.0657% growth

Median Property Value

$173,100

3.9% growth

About

In 2017, Clay County, MN had a population of 62k people with a median age of 32.6 and a median household income of $61,409. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Clay County, MN grew from 61,402 to 62,040, a 1.04% increase and its median household income grew from $59,614 to $61,409, a 3.01% increase.

The population of Clay County, MN is 88.5% White Alone, 4.33% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.52% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Clay County, MN speak a non-English language, and 97.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Clay County, MN are Minnesota State University Moorhead (1,536 degrees awarded in 2016), Concordia College at Moorhead (643 degrees), and Minnesota School of Business-Moorhead (41 degrees).

The median property value in Clay County, MN is $173,100, and the homeownership rate is 68.7%. Most people in Clay County, MN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Clay County, MN is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Clay County, MN employs 33.5k people. The largest industries in Clay County, MN are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,521 people), Educational Services (4,578 people), and Retail Trade (3,842 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($60,432), Wholesale Trade ($50,957), and Construction ($48,691).

Median household income in Clay County, MN is $61,409. Males in Clay County, MN have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,870. The income inequality in Clay County, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$61,409

2017 value

± $1,749

3.01%

1 Year Growth

± 4.54%

Households in Clay County, MN have a median annual income of $61,409, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $59,614 in 2016, which represents a 3.01% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Clay County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

$69,210

Average Male Salary

± $1,573

$52,870

Average Female Salary

± $1,202

In 2017, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $53,440 ± $951

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $51,343 ± $59,950

  3. Asian

    $50,326 ± $4,235

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Clay County, MN is from Minnesota.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.466

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.29% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 301.06

  2. Census Tract 301.04

  3. Census Tract 301.07

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Clay County, MN was Census Tract 301.06 with a value of $82,500, followed by Census Tract 301.04 and Census Tract 301.07, with respective values of $77,462 and $76,618.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Clay County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Clay County, MN (7.24k out of 58k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,772 ± 527

  2. Black

    622 ± 179

  3. Hispanic

    543 ± 161

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Clay County, MN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

33.5k

2017 Value

± 1,082

0.0657%

1 Year growth

± 4.56%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Clay County, MN grew at a rate of 0.0657%, from 33.5k employees to 33.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Clay County, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,636 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,620 people), and Management Occupations (3,474 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Clay County, MN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Clay County, MN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,636 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,620 people), and Management Occupations (3,474 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, MN has an unusually high number of residents working as Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.39 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (1.29 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.24 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Clay County, MN, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($79,688), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,771), and Management Occupations ($61,542).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

33.5k

2017 Value

± 1,082

0.0657%

1 Year growth

± 4.56%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Clay County, MN grew at a rate of 0.0657%, from 33.5k employees to 33.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Clay County, MN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,521 people), Educational Services (4,578 people), and Retail Trade (3,842 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Clay County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Clay County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Clay County, MN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,521 people), Educational Services (4,578 people), and Retail Trade (3,842 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, MN has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.85 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.52 times), and Educational Services (1.47 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Clay County, MN, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($60,432), Wholesale Trade ($50,957), and Construction ($48,691).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.9B

  2. $22.1B

  3. $19.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $23.9B, followed by Cereal grains ($22.1B) and Nonmetal min. prods. ($19.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$316B

2015 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

53.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Minnesota trade was $316B. This is expected to increase 53.4% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $24.3B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $25.5B, followed by Iowa with $24.3B and Illinois and $13.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.9% of the population of Clay County, MN has health coverage, with 58.3% on employee plans, 12.7% on Medicaid, 8.89% on Medicare, 13.5% on non-group plans, and 1.49% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Clay County, MN was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Clay County, MN see 3895 patients per year on average, which represents a 14.4% increase from the previous year (3405 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1965 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 449 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,895 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Clay County, MN see an average of 3,895 patients per year. This represents a 14.4% increase from the previous year (3,405 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Clay County, MN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.13%

Uninsured

58.3%

Employer Coverage

12.7%

Medicaid

8.89%

Medicare

13.5%

Non-Group

1.49%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Clay County, MN declined by 3.85% from 5.34% to 5.13%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Clay County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Clay County, MN is home to a population of 62k people, from which 97.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.19% of Clay County, MN residents were born outside of the country (2.6k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Clay County, MN is composed of 54.9k White Alone residents (88.5%), 2.69k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.33%), 1.57k Black or African American Alone residents (2.52%), 1.36k Two or More Races residents (2.19%), 814 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.31%), 693 Asian Alone residents (1.12%), 12 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0193%), and 5 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00806%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Clay County, MN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

31

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Clay County, MN was 32.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 31. But people in Clay County, MN are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Clay County, MN residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.19%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.6k people

3.71%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.28k people

As of 2017, 4.19% of Clay County, MN residents (2.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Clay County, MN was 3.71%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Clay County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    65,949 ± 6,267 people

  2. Somalia

    30,092 ± 4,247 people

  3. India

    29,695 ± 4,219 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 65,949 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 30,092 and India with 29,695.

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Citizenship

97.6%

2017 Citizenship

98%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.6% of Clay County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Clay County, MN was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Clay County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    54.9k ± 19

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2.69k ± 321

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.57k ± 234

In 2017, there were 20.4 times more White Alone residents (54.9k people) in Clay County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.69k Hispanic or Latino and 1.57k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Clay County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Clay County, MN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Clay County, MN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Clay County, MN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,177 ± 172

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    508 ± 125

  3. Korea

    373 ± 75

Clay County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.32 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Clay County, MN awarded 2,220 degrees. The student population of Clay County, MN is skewed towards women, with 3,136 male students and 4,919 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Clay County, MN are White (1,845 and 86.8%), followed by Unknown (107 and 5.04%), Black or African American (46 and 2.16%), and Hispanic or Latino (40 and 1.88%).

The largest universities in Clay County, MN by number of degrees awarded are Minnesota State University Moorhead (1,536 and 69.2%), Concordia College at Moorhead (643 and 29%), and Minnesota School of Business-Moorhead (41 and 1.85%).

The most popular majors in Clay County, MN are General Business Administration & Management (171 and 7.7%), Registered Nursing (121 and 5.45%), and Elementary Education & Teaching (116 and 5.23%).

The median tuition costs in Clay County, MN are $36,650 for private four year colleges, and $7,136 and $14,272 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 163 degrees awarded

  2. 116 degrees awarded

  3. 114 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Clay County, MN was General Business Administration & Management with 163 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Clay County, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,536 degrees awarded

  2. 643 degrees awarded

  3. 41 degrees awarded

$7,136

Median In-State Public

$36,650

Median Private

In 2016, the Clay County, MN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Minnesota State University Moorhead with 1,536 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

772

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,448

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 772 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Clay County, MN, which is 0.533 times less than the 1,448 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Clay County, MN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,845 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    107 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    46 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Clay County, MN were to White students. These 1,845 degrees mean that there were 17.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 107 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Clay County, MN was $173,100 in 2017, which is 0.795 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $166,600 to $173,100, a 3.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Clay County, MN is 68.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Clay County, MN have an average commute time of 17.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Clay County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$61,409

Median Household Income

± $1,749

23.5k

Number of Households

± 885

In 2017, the median household income of the 23.5k households in Clay County, MN grew to $61,409 from the previous year's value of $59,614.

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$173,100

2017 Median

± $3,982

$166,600

2016 Median

± $2,471

In 2017, the median property value in Clay County, MN grew to to $173,100 from the previous year's value of $166,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Clay County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, MN the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Clay County, MN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.7%

2017 Homeownership

69.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.7% of the housing units in Clay County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Clay County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Clay County, MN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

17.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Clay County, MN have a shorter commute time (17.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.1% of the workforce in Clay County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Clay County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.1%

  2. Carpooled

    8.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.34%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Clay County, MN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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