Orleans County, NY

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Population

41,584

0.844% decline

Poverty Rate

15.9%


Median Age

42.8


Median Household Income

$49,223

1.01% growth

Number of Employees

17,976

0.266% decline

Median Property Value

$93,600

1.74% growth

About

In 2017, Orleans County, NY had a population of 41.6k people with a median age of 42.8 and a median household income of $49,223. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Orleans County, NY declined from 41,938 to 41,584, a -0.844% decrease and its median household income grew from $48,731 to $49,223, a 1.01% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Orleans County, NY are White (Non-Hispanic) (86.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (5.86%), White (Hispanic) (2.72%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (1.72%), and Some Other Race (Hispanic) (1.51%). N/A% of the people in Orleans County, NY speak a non-English language, and 98% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Orleans County, NY is $93,600, and the homeownership rate is 75%. Most people in Orleans County, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Orleans County, NY is 2 cars per household.

Orleans County, NY borders Genesee County, NY, Monroe County, NY, and Niagara County, NY.

About the photo: Downtown Rochester from the Broad Street Bridge, looking north.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New York. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New York, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for New York. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New York across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Orleans County, NY employs 18k people. The largest industries in Orleans County, NY are Manufacturing (3,075 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,353 people), and Retail Trade (2,055 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($54,545), Public Administration ($54,185), and Educational Services ($46,034).

Median household income in Orleans County, NY is $49,223. Males in Orleans County, NY have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,246. The income inequality in Orleans County, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,223

2017 value

± $2,670

1.01%

1 Year Growth

± 7.35%

Households in Orleans County, NY have a median annual income of $49,223, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,731 in 2016, which represents a 1.01% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Orleans County, NY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

$76,804

Average Male Salary

± $1,164

$59,246

Average Female Salary

± $829

In 2017, full-time male employees in New York made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $65,105 ± $849

  2. Asian

    $62,456 ± $2,350

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,207 ± $3,026

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Orleans County, NY is from New York.

0.499

2017 Wage GINI

0.497

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New York was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.362% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 406

  2. Census Tract 4012

  3. Census Tract 4013

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Orleans County, NY was Census Tract 406 with a value of $59,974, followed by Census Tract 4012 and Census Tract 4013, with respective values of $59,510 and $55,495.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Orleans County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Orleans County, NY (6.17k out of 38.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,015 ± 460

  2. Hispanic

    875 ± 211

  3. Other

    473 ± 185

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Orleans County, NY is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

18k

2017 Value

± 788

-0.266%

1 Year decline

± 6.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Orleans County, NY declined at a rate of -0.266%, from 18k employees to 18k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Orleans County, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,332 people), Production Occupations (1,780 people), and Management Occupations (1,660 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Orleans County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Orleans County, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,332 people), Production Occupations (1,780 people), and Management Occupations (1,660 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orleans County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.41 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.27 times), and Production Occupations (1.71 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Orleans County, NY, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($76,250), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,563), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($60,769).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

18k

2017 Value

± 788

-0.266%

1 Year decline

± 6.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Orleans County, NY declined at a rate of -0.266%, from 18k employees to 18k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Orleans County, NY, are Manufacturing (3,075 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,353 people), and Retail Trade (2,055 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Orleans County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Orleans County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Orleans County, NY, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,075 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,353 people), and Retail Trade (2,055 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orleans County, NY has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.59 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.95 times), and Manufacturing (1.69 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Orleans County, NY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($54,545), Public Administration ($54,185), and Educational Services ($46,034).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $72.7B

  2. $54.2B

  3. $50B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $72.7B, followed by Electronics ($54.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($50B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$615B

2020 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

38.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound New York trade was $615B. This is expected to increase 38.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.7B

  2. $32.1B

  3. $20.7B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $37.7B, followed by Pennsylvania with $32.1B and Connecticut and $20.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.6% of the population of Orleans County, NY has health coverage, with 45.8% on employee plans, 21.6% on Medicaid, 13.1% on Medicare, 11.2% on non-group plans, and 1.91% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Orleans County, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Orleans County, NY see 13861 patients per year on average, which represents a 32.1% increase from the previous year (10496 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4594 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2176 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

13,861 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Orleans County, NY see an average of 13,861 patients per year. This represents a 32.1% increase from the previous year (10,496 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Orleans County, NY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.43%

Uninsured

45.8%

Employer Coverage

21.6%

Medicaid

13.1%

Medicare

11.2%

Non-Group

1.91%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Orleans County, NY declined by 16% from 7.65% to 6.43%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Orleans County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Orleans County, NY is home to a population of 41.6k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.38% of Orleans County, NY residents were born outside of the country (1.41k people).

In 2017, there were 14.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (36k people) in Orleans County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.44k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.13k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Orleans County, NY was 42.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Orleans County, NY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Orleans County, NY residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.38%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.41k people

3.49%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.46k people

As of 2017, 3.38% of Orleans County, NY residents (1.41k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Orleans County, NY was 3.49%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Orleans County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,406 ± 17,230 people

  2. China

    402,542 ± 15,418 people

  3. Jamaica

    239,917 ± 11,952 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,406 New York residents, followed by China with 402,542 and Jamaica with 239,917.

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Citizenship

98%

2017 Citizenship

98%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98% of Orleans County, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Orleans County, NY was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Orleans County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Orleans County, NY

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    36k ± 28

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    2.44k ± 201

  3. White (Hispanic)

    1.13k ± 264

In 2017, there were 14.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (36k people) in Orleans County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.44k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.13k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Orleans County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    944 ± 132

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    617 ± 197

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    310 ± 93

Orleans County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.53 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Orleans County, NY was $93,600 in 2017, which is 0.407 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $92,000 to $93,600, a 1.74% increase. The homeownership rate in Orleans County, NY is 75%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Orleans County, NY have an average commute time of 23.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Orleans County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$93,600

2017 Median

± $2,853

$92,000

2016 Median

± $2,892

In 2017, the median property value in Orleans County, NY grew to to $93,600 from the previous year's value of $92,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Orleans County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orleans County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,223

Median Household Income

± $2,670

16.2k

Number of Households

± 746

In 2017, the median household income of the 16.2k households in Orleans County, NY grew to $49,223 from the previous year's value of $48,731.

The following chart displays the households in Orleans County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Orleans County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orleans County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

75%

2017 Homeownership

75.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 75% of the housing units in Orleans County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Orleans County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Orleans County, NY have a shorter commute time (23.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.31% of the workforce in Orleans County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Orleans County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.9%

  2. Carpooled

    11.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.36%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Orleans County, NY was Drove Alone (79.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.2%) and those who Worked At Home (3.36%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Orleans County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Orleans County, NY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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