Orleans County, NY

County

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2019 Population
40,904
0.658% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Schumer
Democratic Party
US Senator
Kirsten Gillibrand
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
43
0.463% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
13.7%
4.13% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$52,620
1.5% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$98,400
2.93% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
17,833
1.81% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Orleans County, NY had a population of 40.9k people with a median age of 43 and a median household income of $52,620. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Orleans County, NY declined from 41,175 to 40,904, a −0.658% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,843 to $52,620, a 1.5% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Orleans County, NY are White (Non-Hispanic) (86.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (5.64%), White (Hispanic) (2.49%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.18%), and Other (Hispanic) (1.94%). 0% of the households in Orleans County, NY speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 98.6% of the residents in Orleans County, NY are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Orleans County, NY was $98,400, and the homeownership rate was 75.6%. Most people in Orleans County, NY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Orleans County, NY was 2 cars per household.

Orleans County, NY borders Genesee County, NY, Monroe County, NY, and Niagara County, NY.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New York. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New York, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Start Year
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in New York. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New York.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New York across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Orleans County, NY is home to a population of 40.9k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2019, 6.64% of Orleans County, NY residents were born outside of the country (2.72k people).

In 2019, there were 15.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (35.3k people) in Orleans County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.31k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.02k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Orleans County, NY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    35.3k ± 12
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    2.31k ± 155
  3. White (Hispanic)
    1.02k ± 261
4.92%
Hispanic Population
2.01k people

In 2019, there were 15.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (35.3k people) in Orleans County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.31k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.02k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.92% of the people in Orleans County, NY are hispanic (2.01k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Orleans County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.64%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
2.72k people
3.04%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
1.25k people

As of 2019, 6.64% of Orleans County, NY residents (2.72k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Orleans County, NY was 3.04%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Orleans County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

43
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.7
50
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 3.8

In 2019, the median age of all people in Orleans County, NY was 43. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 50. But people in Orleans County, NY are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Orleans County, NY residents was 43.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.
Most Common Origin
  1. Dominican Republic
    501,381 ± 17,160 people
  2. China
    407,244 ± 15,504 people
  3. Jamaica
    231,289 ± 11,737 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 501,381 New York residents, followed by China with 407,244 and Jamaica with 231,289.

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Citizenship

98.6%
2019 Citizenship
98.4%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 98.6% of Orleans County, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Orleans County, NY was 98.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Orleans County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,094 ± 157
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    540 ± 185
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    227 ± 73

Orleans County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.03 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Orleans County, NY is $52,620. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Orleans County, NY was Census Tract 4013 with a value of $66,169, followed by Census Tract 403 and Census Tract 402, with respective values of $64,485 and $56,589.

Males in New York have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $64,156. The income inequality in New York (measured using the Gini index) is 0.497, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Orleans County, NY employs 17.8k people. The largest industries in Orleans County, NY are Manufacturing (2,880 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,469 people), and Retail Trade (2,001 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($64,904), Utilities ($59,563), and Public Administration ($53,074).

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,620
2019 value
± $1,737
1.5%
1 Year Growth
± 5.26%

Households in Orleans County, NY have a median annual income of $52,620, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,843 in 2018, which represents a 1.5% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Orleans County, NY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.
$82,820
Average Male Salary in New York
± $1,244
$64,156
Average Female Salary in New York
± $901

In 2019, full-time male employees in New York made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in New York
  1. White
    $70,295 ± $914
  2. Asian
    $67,983 ± $2,497
  3. Two or More Races
    $52,655 ± $3,563

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in New York.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Orleans County, NY is from New York.
0.497
2019 Wage GINI in New York
0.498
2018 Wage GINI in New York

In 2019, the income inequality in New York was 0.497 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.174% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 4013
  2. Census Tract 403
  3. Census Tract 402

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Orleans County, NY was Census Tract 4013 with a value of $66,169, followed by Census Tract 403 and Census Tract 402, with respective values of $64,485 and $56,589.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Orleans County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Orleans County, NY (5.23k out of 38.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    4,064 ± 394
  2. Hispanic
    738 ± 220
  3. Other
    502 ± 215

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Orleans County, NY is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

17.8k
2019 Value
± 757
−1.81%
1 Year decline
± 6.15%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Orleans County, NY declined at a rate of −1.81%, from 18.2k employees to 17.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Orleans County, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,050 people), Management Occupations (1,786 people), and Production Occupations (1,711 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Orleans County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Orleans County, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,050 people), Management Occupations (1,786 people), and Production Occupations (1,711 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orleans County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.82 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.87 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.84 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Orleans County, NY, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($64,625), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($64,286), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($60,833).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

17.8k
2019 Value
± 757
−1.81%
1 Year decline
± 6.15%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Orleans County, NY declined at a rate of −1.81%, from 18.2k employees to 17.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Orleans County, NY, are Manufacturing (2,880 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,469 people), and Retail Trade (2,001 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Orleans County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Orleans County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Orleans County, NY, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (2,880 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,469 people), and Retail Trade (2,001 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orleans County, NY has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.08 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.62 times), and Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.4 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Orleans County, NY, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($64,904), Utilities ($59,563), and Public Administration ($53,074).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $125B
  2. $81.4B
  3. $68B

In 2018, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Misc. mfg. prods. with $125B, followed by Mixed freight ($81.4B) and Electronics ($68B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York.
$785B
2018 Value in New York
$1.85T
Projected 2045 Value in New York
135% growth

In 2018, total outbound New York trade was $785B. This is expected to increase 135% to $1.85T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $54B
  2. $46.7B
  3. $28.6B

In 2018, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $54B, followed by Pennsylvania with $46.7B and California and $28.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Orleans County, NY went to Donald J. Trump with 66.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (27.3%), followed by Other (5.95%). The most partisan county was Bronx County, NY with 88.5% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing the state of New York. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New York is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of New York.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Orleans County, NY
66.8% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in New York
  1. 88.5% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 86.6% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  3. 79.5% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in New York was Bronx County, NY with 88.5% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in New York colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from New York

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Chuck Schumer
Senator from New York3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Kirsten Gillibrand
Senator from New York1
Assumed office on January 26, 2009
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Hillary Clinton, who had become Secretary of State.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing New York.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New York over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New York

New York is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New York have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Orleans County, NY was $98,400 in 2019, which is 0.409 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $95,600 to $98,400, a 2.93% increase. The homeownership rate in Orleans County, NY is 75.6%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Orleans County, NY have an average commute time of 24.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Orleans County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$98,400
2019 Median
± $3,194
$95,600
2018 Median
± $3,139

In 2019, the median property value in Orleans County, NY grew to to $98,400 from the previous year's value of $95,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Orleans County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orleans County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$52,620
Median Household Income
± $1,737
16.6k
Number of Households
± 753

In 2019, the median household income of the 16.6k households in Orleans County, NY grew to $52,620 from the previous year's value of $51,843.

The following chart displays the households in Orleans County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Orleans County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orleans County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

75.6%
2019 Homeownership
75.6%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 75.6% of the housing units in Orleans County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 75.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Orleans County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Orleans County, NY have a shorter commute time (24.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.98% of the workforce in Orleans County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Orleans County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (78.6%)
  2. Carpooled (11.2%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.66%)

In 2019, 78.6% of workers in Orleans County, NY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.2%) and those who worked at home (3.66%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Orleans County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Orleans County, NY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

94.9% of the population of Orleans County, NY has health coverage, with 44.8% on employee plans, 21.8% on Medicaid, 13.3% on Medicare, 13.4% on non-group plans, and 1.55% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New York was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Orleans County, NY see 13537 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.908% decrease from the previous year (13661 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4484 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1614 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Orleans County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.7%). Additionally, Chenango County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

13,537 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Orleans County, NY

Primary care physicians in Orleans County, NY see an average of 13,537 patients per year. This represents a 0.908% decrease from the previous year (13,661 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Orleans County, NY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
$9,778
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in New York
$5,338
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,803
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$12,179
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.1%
Uninsured
44.8%
Employer Coverage
21.8%
Medicaid
13.3%
Medicare
13.4%
Non-Group
1.55%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Orleans County, NY declined by 7.51% from 5.52% to 5.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Orleans County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 15.7% prevalence
  2. 14.3% prevalence
  3. 14.2% prevalence

Orleans County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 15.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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